It happened today – this day in history – March 4

1193: Death of Saladin, first Sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.

1522: Anne Boleyn makes her debut at court at the Green Castle pageant.

1665: Charles II declares war on The Netherlands.

1675: John Flamsteed is appointed first Astronomer Royal.

1678: Birth of composer and violin virtuoso Antonio Vivaldi in Venice.

1774: First sighting of Orion nebula by William Herschel.

1789: The first US Congress meets and declares the constitution in effect.

1790: France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.

1792: Oranges are introduced to Hawaii.

1797: John Adams is inaugurated as the second President of The United States.

1801: Thomas Jefferson is is the first US President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.

1809: The inauguration of James Madison as President of The United States.

1817: James Monroe is inaugurated as the fifth President of The United States.

1825: John Quincy Adams is inaugurated as sixth President of The United States.

1829: Andrew Jackson is inaugurated as seventh President of The United States.

1835: HMS Beagle moves into the Bay of Concepcion.

1837: Martin van Buren is inaugurated as eigthth President of The United States.

1845: James K Polk is inaugurated as 11th President of The United States.

1861: Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as 16th President of The United States.

1869: Ulysses S Grant is inaugurated as 18th President of The United States.

1881: James A Garfield is inaugurated as the 20th President of The United States.

1882: Britain’s first electric trams run in East London.

1885: Grover Cleveland is inaugurated as US president.

1889: Benjamin Harrison is inaugurated as 23rd President of The United States.

1890: The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.

1893: Grover Cleveland inaugurated as President of the United States for a second term.

1895: Gustav Mahler’s second Symphony premieres in Berlin.

1897: William McKinley is inaugurated as the 25th President of The United States.

1901: William McKinley is inaugurated for his second term as President of The United States.

1909: William Howard Taft is inaugurated as the 27th President of The United States during a snowstorm.

1913: Woodrow Wilson is inaugurated as the 28th President of The United States.

1918: First recorded case of Spanish flu at Funston Army Camp, Kansas; start of a worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million.

1921: Warren G Harding is inaugurated as the 29th President of the United States.

1922: Nosferatu, the first vampire film, starring Max Schreck, premieres at the Berlin Zoological Garden.

1923: Actor Rudolph Valentino has his marriage to Jean Acker dissolved after just six hours.

1925: Calvin Coolidge’s inauguration as US President is broadcast live on 21 radio stations.

1929: Herbert Hoover is inaugurated as 31st President of the United States.


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1933: Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves the Austrian parliament. On the same day, Franklin D Roosevelt is inaugurated as 32nd US President, pledges to pull US out of the Depression, saying: “We have nothing to fear but fear itself”.

1936: First flight of the airship Hindenburg at Friedrichshafen, Germany.

1944: The first US bombing of Berlin.

1945: Finland declares war on Germany. On the same day, Princess Elizabeth joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.

1964: US Teamsters Union leader Jimmy Hoffa is convicted of jury tampering.

1965: David Attenborough becomes controller of BBC2.

Singles chart:

  1. I’ll Never Find Another You – The Seekers
  2. It’s Not Unusual – Tom Jones
  3. The Game Of Love – Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders
  4. Silhouettes – Herman’s Hermits
  5. Don’t Let Me Be Misunderstood – The Animals
  6. I Must Be Seeing Things – Gene Pitney
  7. The Special Years – Val Doonican
  8. Funny How Love Can Be – The Ivy League
  9. Come And Stay With Me – Marianne Faithfull
  10. Tired Of Waiting For You – The Kinks

1966: The Evening Standard publishes an interview by Maureen Cleave with John Lennon in which he talks about The Beatles being bigger than Jesus. Although his comments cause no controversy in the UK, when published out of context in the States months later it resulted in a huge backlash with radio stations banning their songs and encouraging listeners to burn their records.

1968: Joe Frazier TKOs Buster Mathis in Round 11 for the heavyweight boxing title.

1969: The Kray twins, Ronald and Reginald, face life sentences after being found guilty at the Central Criminal Court of the murder of former associate Jack “The Hat” McVitie.

1972: A bomb explodes in a crowded restaurant in Belfast, killing two civilians and wounding 130.

On TV (Saturday)


LONDON WEEKEND

10.55R.A.C. Road Report

11.00Sesame Street

12.00Grasshopper Island

12.15Joe 90

12.45News

12.50World of Sport
Including live coverage of the League Cup final between Chelsea and Stoke City from Wembley, horse racing from Hereford and Market Rasen and wrestling from Watford.


17.05News

17.10Both Ends Meet

17.40Sale of the Century
with host Nicholas Parsons


18.05The Comedians

18.35Film: One-Eyed Jacks (1961)
Western produced, directed and starring Marlon Brando.


21.05The Val Doonican Show

22.05News

22.10International Boxing
Middleweight Championship of the World live from Rome. Carlos Monzon (Argentina) v. Denny Moyer (U.S.). Commentary from Reg Gutteridge.


23.15Aquarius
Including an item retracing the career and Bohemian lifestyle of Welsh poet Dylan Thomas. Also a science fiction ballet from France.



BBC ONE

10.00Wie bitte? German for beginners

10.30Zarabanda Spanish for beginners

10.55Closedown

11.55Weather

12.00The Double Deckers

12.25Dastardly and Muttley

12.45Grandstand
Introduced by Frank Bough featuring boxing, horse racing, swimming, rugby league and final score


17.05We Want to Sing

17.35News and Weather

17.50Doctor Who
Jon Pertwee takes on the Sea Devils


18.15It’s Cliff Richard
With guests Labi Siffre, Una Stubbs and Olivia Newton-John


19.00Film: The Spanish Main (1945)
Swashbuckling adventure starring Paul Henreid and Maureen O’Hara,


20.40The Dick Emery Show

21.10The Befrienders

22.00News

22.15Match of the Day
David Coleman introduces highlights from the Division 1 games Leeds Utd v Southampton and Spurs v Manchester Utd.


23.15Braden’s Week
Bernard Braden and his team take a sideways look at the week.


23.50Weatherman


BBC TWO

09.05Open University

13.00Closedown

14.00Film: The Great American Broadcast (1941)
Musical starring Alice Faye.


15.30Private Lives

15.55Closedown

19.15Westminster

19.35News and Sport

19.50Rugby Special
Neath v Pontypool with Cliff Morgan


20.40Up Country
With George Hamilton IV


21.10An Empire in Art

22.00In Praise of Watercolour

22.15Man of Straw
Drama series starring Derek Jacobi


23.00News on 2

23.05Film Night
Sheridan Morley shows clips from this year’s Academy Award nominations.


23.35Film: The Wayward Bus (1957)
A strange assortment of passengers board a battered old bus for the 60-mile trip to San Juan in California and embark on a stormy journey which is destined to change their lives. Stars Joan Collins and Jayne Mansfield.

1974: Labour’s Harold Wilson replaces Edward Heath as prime minister.

1975: Silent film legend Charlie Chaplin is knighted at Buckingham Palace.

1976: The Maguire Seven are jailed for possessing explosives. In 1991 the Court of Appeal quashed their convictions after it was ruled the original evidence against them was unsafe.

1977: An earthquake in Romania kills 1,541.

1978: The US Internal Revenue Service carries out a dawn raid at the home of Jerry Lee Lewis and removes cars worth over $170,000 to pay off his tax debts.

1979: Randy Jackson of The Jackson Five is seriously injured in a car crash, breaking both legs and almost dies in the emergency room when a nurse inadvertently injects him with methadone.

1980: Nationalist leader Robert Mugabe wins a sweeping election victory to become Zimbabwe’s first black prime minister.

1986: Howard Greenfield, songwriting partner of Neil Sedaka and composer of the Bewitched TV theme, dies of a brain tumour aged 50. On the same day, after just completing a concert, Richard Manuel of The Band hangs himself from a shower curtain rod in a hotel room in Florida.

1989: Six people die and 80 are injured in a train crash at Purley in Surrey. On the same day, The Louvre Pyramid, designed by I M Pei, is inaugurated by French President Francois Mitterrand.

1993: Katherine Hepburn is admitted to hospital suffering from exhaustion.

1994: Kurt Cobain is rushed to hospital after overdosing on alcohol and drugs in a Rome hotel during a European tour with Nirvana. On the same day, four Arab terrorists are found guilty of bombing the World Trade Centre in New York and actor/comedian John Candy dies from a heart attack aged 43.

2001: The IRA detonates a bomb in front of BBC Television Centre in Shepherd’s Bush, injuring 11 people. On the same day, Village People singer Glenn Hughes dies of lung cancer aged 50.

2002: Doreen Waddell, singer with Soul II Soul is killed attempting to run across the A27 in Brighton after being caught shoplifting.

2005: The car of released Italian hostage Giuliana Sgrena is fired on by US soldiers in Iraq, causing the death of an Italian Secret Service Agent and injuring two passengers.

2009: The International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, becoming the first sitting head of state to be indicted.

2012: Vladimir Putin wins the Russian presidential election amid allegations of voter fraud.

2012: Lana Del Rey – Born To Die

Album chart:

  1. Our Version Of Events – Emeli Sande
  2. 21 – Adele
  3. + – Ed Sheeran
  4. Born To Die – Lana Del Rey
  5. Hell In A Handbasket – Meat Loaf
  6. Making Mirror – Gotye
  7. The Essential – Whitney Houston
  8. Mylo Xyloto – Coldplay
  9. Ceremonials – Florence & The Machine
  10. 19 – Adele

2013: The Papal Conclave begins to select the successor of Pope Benedict XVI.

2016: Media mogul Rupert Murdoch marries Jerry Hall in a private civil ceremony in London.

2018: Gary Oldman wins the Oscar for best actor at the 90th Academy Awards for his role as Winston Churchill in “Darkest Hour”. On the same day, former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia are poisoned by the nerve agent Novichok in Salisbury.

2019: Keith Flint, front man with The Prodigy, is found dead at his home in Essex aged 49. On the same day, actor Luke Perry dies after suffering a stroke six days earlier.

2020: Mayor of New York Michael Bloomberg drops out of the US Democratic presidential race.

2022: Australian cricketer Shane Warne dies aged 52 from a hearft attack.

The Rt Hon Penny Mordaunt MP

BIRTHDAYS: Dieter Meier, musician (Yello), 78; Shakin’ Stevens, (Michael Barratt), singer, 75; James Ellroy, writer, 75; Sir Kenny Dalgleish, football legend, 72; Chris Rea, singer-songwriter, 72; Catherine O’Hara, actress, 69; Jason Newsted, bassist (Metallica) 60; Janey Lee Grace, broadcaster, 60; Cheryl Ferguson, actress, 58; Evan Dando, singer-songwriter (The Lemonheads) 56; Sam Taylor-Johnson, director, 56; Tim Vine, comedian, 56; Patsy Kensit, actress, 55; Penny Mordaunt MP, government minister, 50; Landon Donovan, footballer, 41; Erik Lamela, footballer, 31; Brooklyn Beckham, 24.