1193: Death of Saladin, first Sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.
1522: Anne Boleyn makes her debut at court at the Green Castle pageant.
1665: Charles II declares war on The Netherlands.
1675: John Flamsteed is appointed first Astronomer Royal.
1678: Birth of composer and violin virtuoso Antonio Vivaldi in Venice.
1774: First sighting of Orion nebula by William Herschel.
1789: The first US Congress meets and declares the constitution in effect.
1790: France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.
1792: Oranges are introduced to Hawaii.
1797: John Adams is inaugurated as the second President of The United States.
1801: Thomas Jefferson is is the first US President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
1809: The inauguration of James Maddison as President of The United States.
1817: James Monroe is inaugurated as the fifth President of The United States.
1825: John Quincy Adams is inaugurated as sixth President of The United States.
1829: Andrew Jackson is inaugurated as seventh President of The United States.
1835: HMS Beagle moves into the Bay of Concepcion.
1837: Martin van Buren is inaugurated as eigthth President of The United States.
1845: James K Polk is inaugurated as 11th President of The United States
1861: Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as 16th President of The United States.
1869: Ulysses S Grant is inaugurated as 18th President of The United States.
1881: James A Garfield is inaugurated as the 20th President of The United States.
1882: Britain’s first electric trams run in East London.
1885: Grover Cleveland inaugurated as the first US president after the American Civil War.
1889: Benjamin Harrison is inaugurated as 23rd President of The United States.
1890: The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.
1893: Grover Cleveland inaugurated as President of the United States for a second term.
1895: Gustav Mahler’s second Symphony premieres in Berlin.
1897: WilliamMcKinley is inaugurated as the 25th President of The United States.
1901: WilliamMcKinley is inaugurated for his second term as President of The United States.
1909: William Howard Taft is inaugurated as the 27th President of The United States during a snowstorm.
1913: Woodrow Wilson is inaugurated as the 28th President of The United States.
1918: First recorded case of Spanish flu at Funston Army Camp, Kanas; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million.
1921: Warren G Harding is inaugurated as the 29th President of the United States.
1922: Nosferatu, the first vampire film, starring Max Schreck, premieres at the Berlin Zoological Garden.
1923: Actor Rudolph Valentino has his marriage to Jean Acker dissolved after just six hours.
1925: Calvin Coolidge’s inauguration as US President is broadcast live on 21 radio stations.
1929: Herbert Hoover is inaugurated as 31st President of the United States.
1933: Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves the Austrian parliament. On the same day, Franklin D Roosevelt is inaugurated as 32nd US President, pledges to pull US out of the Depression, saying: “We have nothing to fear but fear itself”.
1936: First flight of the airship Hindenburg at Friedrichshafen, Germany.
1944: The first US bombing of Berlin.
1945: Finland declares war on Nazi Germany. On the same day, Princess Elizabeth joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.
1964: US Teamsters Union leader Jimmy Hoffa is convicted of jury tampering.
1965: David Attenbrough becomes controller of BBC2.
1966: John Lennon’s comment that The Beatles were more popular then Jesus was published in The Evening Standard as part of an interview with Maureen Shrieve. His opinions drew no controversy until republished in the US months later.
1968: Joe Frazier TKOs Buster Mathis in Round 11 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1969: East End gang bosses Ronnie and Reggie Kray are found guilty of murder.
1972: A bomb explodes in a crowded restaurant in Belfast, killing two civilians and wounding 130.
1974: Labour’s Harold Wilson replaces Tory Edward Heath as prime minister.
1977: An earthquake in Romania kills 1,541.
1978: The US internal Revenue Service carried out a dawn raid at the home of Jerry Lee Lewis and removed cars worth over £100,000 ($170,000) to pay off his tax debts.
1979: Randy Jackson of The Jackson Five was seriously injured in a car crash breaking both legs, and almost died in the emergency room when a nurse inadvertently injected him with methadone.
1980: The Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) comes to power, winning the parliamentary election in Zimbabwe and making Robert Mugabe prime minister.
1984: Martina Navratilova retains her WTA Tour Championship in New York, beating Chris Evert.
1986: Howard Greenfield, Neil Sedaka’s writing partnerr and composer of the Bewitched TV theme, died of a brain tumour aged 50. On the same day, after just completing a concert with The Band, member Richard Manuel hanged himself from a shower curtain rod in a hotel room in Florida.
1989: The Louvre Pyramid designed by I M Pei, is inaugurated by French President Francois Mitterrand.
1993: Katherine Hepburn is admitted to hospital suffering from exhaustion.
1994: Kurt Cobain was rushed to hospital after overdosing on alcohol and drugs in a Rome hotel during a Nirvana European tour. On the same day, four Arab terrorists are found guilty of bombing the World Trade Centre in New York and actor/comedian John Candy dies from a heart attack aged 43.
2001: Village People singer Glenn Hughes, the original Biker character, died of lung cancer aged 50. On the same day, the IRA detonates a bomb in front of BBC Television Centre, injuring 11 people.
2002: Doreen Waddell, a singer with Soul II Soul, was killed after attempting to run across the A27 in Brighton after being caught shoplifting.
2005: The car of released Italian hostage Giuliana Sgrena is fired on by US soldiers in Iraq, causing the death of an Italian Secret Service Agent and injuring two passengers.
2009: International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, becoming the first sitting head of state to be indicted.
2012: Vladimir Putin wins the Russian presidential election amid allegations of voter fraud.
2013: The Papal Conclave begins to select the successor of Pope Benedict XVI.
2016: Media mogul Rupert Murdoch marries Jerry Hall in a private civil ceremony in London.
2018: Gary Oldman wins the Oscar for best actor at the 90th Academy Awards for his role as Winston Churchill in “Darkest Hour”. On the same day, former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia Skripal are poisoned by the nerve agent Novichok in Salisbury.
2019: Keith Flint, frontman with The Prodigy, is found dead at his home in Essex aged 49. On the same day, actor Luke Perry dies after suffering a stroke six days earlier.
BIRTHDAYS: Shakin’ Stevens (Michael Barratt), singer, 72; James Ellroy, writer, 72; Emilio Estefan, musician/producer/songwriter 70; Chris Rea, singer/songwriter, 69; Kenny Dalglish, football legend, 69; Willie Thorne, snooker player, 66; Jason Newsted, bassist (formerly Metallica) 57; Janey Lee Grace, broadcaster, 57; Evan Dando, singer (The Lemonheads) 53; Patsy Kensit, actress, 52; Feargal Lawlor, drummer (The Cranberries) 49.