1133: Birth of Henry II.
1496: Henry VII grants John Cabot a commission to explore for new lands.
1558: Smoking tobacco introduced into Europe by Spanish physician Francisco Fernandes.
1616: Astronomical work ‘de Revolutionibus’ by Nicolaus Copernicus is placed on the Catholic Forbidden index.
1746: Jacobite troops leave Aberdeen.
1770: British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones and sticks at them. The massacre galvanises anti-British feelings.
1778: Death of composer Thomas Arne aged 67.
1807: First performance of Ludwig van Beethoven’s 4th Symphony in B.
1824: Britain officially declares war on Burma.
1827: Death of Italisn physicist Alessandro Volta, inventor of the batter, aged 82.
1842: Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupying San Antonio before heading back to the Rio Grande.
1849: Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US President .
1850: The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between Anglesey and the Welsh mainland is opened.
1853: Piano company Steinway & Sons founded in New York.
1856: Covent Garden Opera House, London, destroyed in a fire.
1868: The stapler is patented in England by C H Gould.
1877: Rutherford B Hayes is inaugurated as 19th President of the United States.
1912: Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
1917: US Preside.nt Woodrow Wilson is inaugurated for a second term.
1933: Germany’s Nazi Party wins majority in parliament.
1943: The RAF bombs Essen, Germany
1945: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
1946: Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech in the US, popularizes the term and draws attention to the division of Europe.
1949: Don Bradman plays his last innings in first-class cricket, gets 30.
1953: Soviet dictator Josef Stalin dies aged 73 after a stroke.On the same day, Russian composer Sergein Prokofiev dies aged 61.
1957: Eamon de Valera’s Fianna Fail-party wins election in Ireland.
1963: The Beatles recorded what would be their third single ‘From Me to You’ just five days after John Lennon and Paul McCartney wrote it. On the same day, country singer Patsy Cline was killed in a plane crash in Tennessee.
1964: Crisis proclaimed in Ceylon due to social unrest.
1965: A leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.
1971: Led Zeppelin perform “Stairway To Heaven” for the first time at Ulster Hall, Belfast.
1981: Ice Dance Championship at Hartford, Connecticut, won by Jayne Torvill & Christopher Dean.
1982: Comedian and Blues Brother John Belushi died from an overdose of cocaine and heroin. On the same day, Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus.
1986: Today, Britain’s first colour national tabloid, launches.
1994: Jefferson Airplane singer Grace Slick was arrested for pointing a shotgun at police in her California home.
1995: Viv Stanshall of The Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band died in a house fire. On the same day, the graves of Tsar Nicholas II and his family are finally found in St Petersburg after 78 years.
2003: In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb.
2004: Guitarist John McGeogh, formerly of Magazine and Souxsie & The Banshees, died aged 49.
2015: Harrison Ford crash-lands his 1942 Ryan Aeronautical ST3KR aeroplane in California.
2018: North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un meets South Korean officials for the first time since taking office, hosting a dinner in Pyongyang.
2019: Second-ever person “cured” of HIV after stem cell transplant treatment in London. On the same day, Kylie Jenner becomes the youngest ever billionaire at 21.
BIRTHDAYS: Dean Stockwell, actor, 84; Samantha Eggar, actress, 81; Clodagh Rogers, singer, 73; Eddy Grant, singer/songwriter, 72; Elaine Page, singer/broadcaster, 69; Penn Jillette, magician, 65; Craig and Charlie Reid (The Proclaimers) 58; John Frusciante, guitarist (The Red Hot Chilli Peppers), 50; Matt Lucas, comedy actor/writer, 46; Eva Mendes, actress, 46; Russell Leach, bassist (Editors) 38.