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1475: Birth of Michelangelo in Tuscany.
1521: Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan discovers Guam.
1619: Birth of French playwright Cyrano de Bergerac.
1754: Death of Prime Minister Henry Pelham.
1799: Napoleon Bonaparte captures the city of Jaffa, Palestine, after a 5 day siege, defeating the Ottoman Empire.
1806: Birth of poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning in Durham.
1836: Battle of the Alamo: After 13 days of fighting 1,500-3,000 Mexican soldiers overwhelm the Texan defenders, killing 182-257 including William Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crocket.
1853: Guiseppe Verdi’s Opera “La Traviata” premieres in Venice.
1857: The US Supreme Court rules Africans cannot be US citizens.
1869: Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table of the elements to the Russian Chemical Society.
1888: Death of American author Louisa May Alcott of a stroke aged 55.
1901: An assassin attempts to kill Kaiser Willhelm II in Bremen.
1904: The Japanese fleet bombards Vladivostok, the major Russian port on the Pacific.
1932: Death of composer John Philip Sousa
1944: The US Air Force begins daylight bombing of Berlin.
1945: George Missen of Iowa, US, receives a patent for the first modern trampoline.
1951: Welsh composer, singer and actor Ivor Novello died aged 58. On the same day, the spying trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg begins in the US.
1957: Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast) declares independence from the UK.
1961: British film star George Formby died aged 57. On the same day, the first London minicabs are introduced.
1964: Boxer Cassius Clay joins the Nation of Islam and changes his name to Muhammad Ali. On the same day, Elizabeth Taylor divorces Eddie Fisher.
1965: Death of Marx Brothers actress Margaret Dumont (Daisy Baker) aged 75.
1967: Former US Teamsters union boss Jimmy Hoffa enters Lewisburg Federal Prison. On the same day, Muhammad Ali is ordered by selective service to be inducted into the US Army and Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Allilujeva approaches the US Embassy in New Delhi, India, and asks for political asylum.
1972: Jack Nicklaus passes Arnold Palmer as golf’s all-time money winner. On the same day, the Keswick to Penrith railway officially closes.
1975: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement of their border dispute.
1978: Hustler publisher Larry Flynt is shot by a sniper in Georgia. He survives but spends the rest of his life in a wheelchair.
1982: Death of author Ayn Rand.
1983: Helmut Kohl’s CDU/CSU wins West German parliament elections.
1984: The 51-week long NUM strike begins in the coal industry.
1985: Mike Tyson KOs Hector Mercedes in round one of his first professional fight.
1986: Death of artist Georgia O’Keeffe aged 98.
1987: The ferry “Herald of Free Enterprise” sinks in th English Channel. 192 die.
1988: Three IRA suspects are shot dead on Gibraltar by SAS officers.
1997: Picasso’s painting Tête de Femme is stolen from a London gallery, and is recovered a week later.
1998: Liam Gallagher appeared handcuffed in a Brisbane court on charges of head butting a fan during a gig in Australia.
2004: David Crosby was arrested and charged with criminal possession of a weapon and marijuana after leaving his bag in a New York hotel.
2006: South Dakota Governor Mike Rounds signs a bill into legislation that would ban most abortions in the state.
2007: Former White House aide I. Lewis Libby, Jr. is found guilty on four of five counts of perjury and obstruction of justice trial.
2010: Mark Linkous, frontman with US band Sparklehorse committed suicide by shooting himself in the heart outside a friend’s house in Knoxville, Tennessee.
2013: Ten Years After guitarist/singer Alvin Lee died age 68. On the same day, Microsoft is fined €561million by the European Commission for not providing alternative web browsers.
2014: The Crimean parliament votes unanimously to make the Crimea part of Russia.
2016: Lana Rae Meisner, the wife of former Eagles bassist Randy Meisner, died after she accidentally shot herself while looking for something in a closet.
Trump,2017: US President Donald Trump signs his second executive order barring travelers from 6 mostly-Muslim countries for 90 days but leaves out Iraq. On the same day, Wikileaks publishes “Vault 7” CIA documents detailing its hacking and surveillance techniques and former first lady Nancy Reagan dies ages 94..
2018: American WWII aircraft carrier USS Lexington rediscovered in Australia’s Coral Sea, after being lost during 1942 Battle of the Coral Sea. On the same day, Forbes names Amazon founder Jeff Bezos the world’s richest person for the first time at $112 billion.
BIRTHDAYS: Jean Boht, actress, 88; Valentina Tereshkova, first woman in space, 83; Mary Wilson, singer (The Supremes) 76; Kiri te Kanawa, soprano, 76; Hugh Grundy, drummer (The Zombies) 75; David Gilmour, guitarist/singer (Pink Floyd) 74; Kiki Dee (Pauline Matthews) singer, 73; Rob Reiner, director, 73; Martin Buchan, former footballer, 71; Walter Trout, guitarist, 69; Mike Gatting, former cricketer, 63; Tom Arnold, actor, 61; Alan Davies, comedian/actor, 54; Connie Britton, actress, 53; Betty Boo (Alison Clarkson) singer/songwriter, 50; Shaquille O’Neal, basketball legend, 48; Guy Garvey, singer/songwriter (Elbow) 46; Chris Tomson, drummer (Vampire Weekend) 36; Tyler The Creator (Okonma) rapper, 29.