322BC: Death of Aristotle.
1274: Death of Italian theologian Thomas Aquinas.
1530: Henry VIII’s request to divorce Catherine of Aragon is denied by the Pope.
1671: Birth of Scottish folk hero Rob Roy McGreagor.
1774: George III charges colonists in Boston with attempting to injure British commerce, paving the way for the closing of the port to punish them for the Boston Tea Party.
1814: Napoleon wins the Battle of Craonne.
1872: Birth of abstract painter Piet Mondrian in The Netherlands.
1875: Birth of composer Maurice Ravel in France.
1876: Alexander Graham Bell receives a patent for the telephone in the US.
1912: Roald Amundsen announces he has reached of the South Pole.
1926: The first transatlantic telephone call (London – New York).
1933: The game of Monopoly is invented.
1935: Malcolm Campbell sets world land speed record speed of 276.71 mph driving Bluebird – last record set at Daytona Beach, Florida.
1936: Hitler breaks the Treaty of Versailles by sending troops to the Rhineland.
1941: 50,000 British soldiers land in Greece. On the same day, British troops invade Abyssinia.
1944: Japan begins offensive in Burma.
1945: The US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, and crosses the Rhine.
1946: Bikini Atoll islanders are evacuated by the US government to make way for a nuclear testing site.
1951: Ezzard Charles defeats Jersey Joe Walcott in Round 15 for second time to win the NBA world heavyweight title.
1965: Alabama state troopers and 600 black protestors clash in Selma.
1966: Mike Millward guitarist from The Fourmost died, aged 23 from leukaemia. On the same day, Tina Turner recorded her vocal on River Deep Mountain High.
1968: The BBC broadcasts the news for the first time in colour.
1973: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s Awami League wins election in Bangladesh.
1977: Ali Bhutto’s Pakistan People’s Party wins elections. On the same day, Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin meets US President Jimmy Carter.
1987: Mike Tyson beats James ‘Bonecrusher’ Smith in 12 rounds for the WBA heavyweight boxing title.
1989: Iran drops diplomatic relations with Britain over Salman Rushdie’s book “The Satanic Verses”.
1994: Charles Taylor resigns as President of Liberia. On the same day, David Platt is appointed captain of England football team.
1999: Death of director Stanley Kubrick aged 70.
2013: Death of guitarist Peter Banks (Brockbanks). “the architect of progressive music” aged 65. On the same day, jazz trumpeter Kenny Ball dies aged 82.
2019: Chinese telecommunications c.ompany Huawei sues the US government over a federal ban on its products.
BIRTHDAYS: Chris White, bassist (The Zombies) 75; Matthew Fisher, organist (Procol Harum) 74; Francis Rocco Prestia, bassist (Tower of Power) 69; Viv Richards, former crisketer, 68; Ernie Isley, guitarist (The Isley Brothers) 68; Bryan Cranston, actor, 64; Ivan Lendle, former tennis player, 60; Taylor Dayne (Leslie Wundermann) singer, 58; Wanda Sykes, actress/comedian, 56; Paul Davis, keyboards (Happy Mondays) 54; Rachel Weisz, actress, 50; Ray Parlour, former footballer, 47; Jenna Fischer, actress, 46; Josh Dewhurst, guitarist (Blossoms) 23.