1531: Henry VIII is recognised as supreme head of Church in England by the Convocation of Canterbury.
1702: Queen Anne ascends to the throne on the death of William III. On the same day, Irish pirate Anne Bonny is born in Kinsale.
1817: The New York stock exchange is founded.
1855: William Poole (Bill the Butcher), infamous member of New York’s Bowery Boys gang, dies of a gunshot wound aged 33.
1859: Birth of author Kenneth Grahame in Edinburgh.
1869: Death of French composer Hector Berlioz aged 65.
1874: Death of Millard Fillmore, 13th president of the US, aged 74.
1902: The first performance of Jean Sibelius’ 2nd Symphony by the Helsinki Philharmonic Society.
1917: Death of Ferdinand von Zeppelin, inventor of the rigid dirigible, aged 78.
1920: Denmark and Cuba join the League of Nations.
1930: Death of former US president William Howard Taft aged 72.
1936: The first stock car race is held in Daytona Beach, Florida.
1946: The first helicopter licensed for commercial use in New York.
1952: Ronald Reagan marries Nancy Davis in Los Angeles.
1957: Egypt reopens the Suez Canal after Israel withdraws from occupied Egyptian territory.
1959: Groucho, Chico & Harpo Marx’s final TV appearance together.
1962: The Beatles make their TV debut on the BBC with Pete Best on drums.
1964: Malcolm X resigns from the Nation of Islam.
1965: The first US combat forces arrive in Vietnam, on the beaches of Da Nang.
1966: An IRA bomb destroys Nelson’s Column in Dublin.
1968: New York rock venue the Fillmore East opens in Manhattan.
1969: The Small Faces split up after singer Steve Marriott announced he was leaving the band to form Humble Pie.
1971: Joe Frazier ends Muhammad Ali’s 31-fight winning streak at Madison Square Garden and retains the heavyweight boxing title by unanimous points decision. Ali is floored in Round 15 with Frank Sinatra jumping up to photograph the exact moment of contact. On the same day, silent film star Harold Lloyd dies aged 77.
1973: Paul McCartney was fined £100 for growing cannabis at his farm in Campbeltown, Scotland. McCartney claimed some fans gave the seeds to him and that he didn’t know what they would grow. On the same day, musician Ron ‘Pigpen’ McKernan of The Grateful Dead died aged 27 from liver failure brought on by alcohol poisoning and The Provisional IRA undertakes its first operation on mainland Britain, planting four car bombs in London.
1974: Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris.
1977: Princess Anne announces she’s expecting her first child.
1979: The first extraterrestrial volcano is discovered on Jupiter’s moon Io.
1983: IBM releases PC DOS version 2.0.
1986: Four French TV crew members are abducted in west Beirut, Lebanon.
1993: Death of jazz singer Billy Eckstein aged 78 after a stroke.
1999: The US Supreme Court upholds the murder convictions of Timothy McVeigh for the Oklahoma City bombing.On the same day, baseball legend Joe DiMaggio dies aged 84.
2003: Former Dire Straits frontman Mark Knopfler was injured when the Honda motorbike he was riding was involved in a collision with a Fiat Punto in Belgravia. On the same day, singer/actor/businessman Adam Faith (Terry Nelhams) died.
2008: Death of newsreader Carol Barnes.
2012: Toyota recalls 700,000 vehicles over safety concerns.
2013: North Korea terminates all peace pacts with South Korea.
2014: Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 with 239 people loses contact and disappears, prompting the most expensive search effort in history and one of the most enduring aviation mysteries.
2015: Death of jazz trunpeter Lou Soloff (Blood Sweat & Tears) aged 71.
2016: Beatles producer George Martin died aged 90.
2018: US President Donald Trump authorizes tariffs on steel and aluminium, excluding Canada and Mexico.
2019: The US national women’s soccer team sue for equal pay by filing a federal gender discrimination lawsuit against United States Soccer Federation.
BIRTHDAYS: Ralph Ellis, guitarist (Swinging Blue Jeans) 78; Andrew Semple, guitarist (The Fortunes) 77; Mickey Dolenz, drummer/director (The Monkees) 75; Carole Bayer Sager, singer/songwriter 74; Randy Meisner, bassist (The Eagles) 74; Cheryl Baker, singer (Bucks Fizz) 66; David Wilkie, Olympic swimming gold medalist, 66; Gary Numan (Webb), singer/songwriter, 62; Aidan Quinn, actor, 61; Richard Darbyshire, singer/guitarist (Living In A Box) 60; Peter Gill, drummer (Frankie Goes To Hollywood) 56; Gaz Coombs, singer/musician (Supergrass) 44; Freddie Prinze Jr, actor, 44; James van der Beek, ,actor, 43; Tom Chaplin, singer (Keane) 41; Kat von D (Katherine Von Drachenberg), tattoo artist, 38; Ellie Jackson, singer (La Roux) 32; Petra Kvitova, tennis player, 30.