It happened today – this day in history – March 9

1454: Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci is born in Florence.

1497: Nicholaus Copernicus’ first recorded astronomical observation.

1522: Martin Luther begins preaching his “Invocavit Sermons” in the German city of Wittenberg.

1562: Kissing in public is banned in Naples – punishable by death.

1566: David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh.

1721: Chancellor of the Exchequer John Aislabie is confined in the Tower of London.

1741:The British fleet begins an assault on Cartagena.

1796: Napoleon Bonaparte marries Josephine de Beauharnais.

1842: Guiseppe Verdi’s opera “Nabucco” premieres in Milan.

1844: Guiseppe Verdi’s opera “Hernani” premieres in Venice.

1864: Ulysses S Grant is appointed commander of Union Army.

1892: Birth of novelist and poet Vita Sackville-West in Kent.

1908: Inter Milan founded as Foot-Ball Club Internazionale.

1916: Mexican General Francisco “Pancho” Villa invades US. On the same day, Germany declares war on Portugal.

1918: The Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party.

1930: Birth of jazz saxophonist Ornette Coleman.

1932: Eamon De Valera becomes President of Ireland.

1935: Adolf Hitler announces the creation of a new air force, the Luftwaffe.

1945: 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bombs.

1951: Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam submit a classified paper at the Los Alamos lab, in which they proposed their revolutionary new design, staged implosion, for a practical megaton-range hydrogen bomb.

1953: Stalin’s funeral is held in Moscow.

1956: Britain orders order the deportation of Greek Cypriot leader, Archbishop Makarios, in the hope of restoring law and order to the island.

Singles chart:

  1. Memories Are Made Of This – Dean Martin
  2. Zambesi – Lou Busch
  3. It’s Almost Tomorrow – The Dreamweavers
  4. Rock And Roll Waltz – Kay Starr
  5. Memories Are Made Of This – Dave King with the Keynotes
  6. Only You – The Hilltoppers
  7. Band Of Gold – Don Cherry
  8. (Love Is) The Tender Trap – frank Sinatra
  9. See You Later Alligator – Bill Haley and his Comets
  10. Young And Foolish – Edmund Hockridge

1959: The Barbie doll makes its debut at the American Toy Fair in New York.

1961: Soviet Sputnik 9 carries and returns from orbit a dog named Chernushka, frogs and a guinea pig.


1962: Egyptian President Nasser declares Gaza belongs to Palestinians.

1963: The Beatles begin their first British tour, supporting Tommy Roe and Chris Montez.

1966: Brian Wilson and the Wrecking Crew of session musicians begin recording the next Beach Boys single, God Only Knows.

1969: Cream – Goodbye

1969: Album chart:

  1. Goodbye – Cream
  2. Diana Ross And The Supremes Join The Temptations – Diana Ross And The Supremes & The Temptations
  3. Engelbert – Engelbert Humperdinck
  4. Postcard – Mary Hopkin
  5. Best Of – The Seekers
  6. The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack
  7. Hair – Original London Cast
  8. Greatest Hits – The Supremes
  9. Oliver! – Original Soundtrack
  10. Yellow Submarine – The Beatles

1970: Newly christened Black Sabbath made their concert debut at The Roundhouse, London.

1971: Three off-duty Scottish soldiers are killed by the Provisional IRA. 4000 shipyard workers take to the streets to demand internment in response.

1973: The people of Northern Ireland vote overwhelmingly to remain within the United Kingdom.

1974: A Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in The Philippines, surrenders, unaware that the Second Word War had been over for 29 years.

1976: A line supporting a cable car snaps killing 42 people in the Dolomite mountains in northern Italy.

1981: John Lambe, who became known as the M5 rapist, is sentenced to life in prison.

1983: Zimbabwe opposition leader Joshua Nkomo flees to Botswana.

1986: NASA announces searchers found the remains of the Shuttle Challenger astronauts.

1988: Actress Audrey Hepburn is appointed a UNICEF special ambassador.

1992: Death of former Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin aged 85.

1994: The IRA launches a mortar attack on Heathrow Airport. On the same day, author Charles Bukowski dies of leukaemia aged 73.

1997: Rapper Notorious B.I.G. (Christopher Wallace) is gunned down and killed as he leaves a party at the Petersen Automotive Museum in Los Angeles.

1998: Dr Dre’s Aftermath Entertainment signs an unknown rapper called Eminem.

2006: Water is discovered on Enceladus, the sixth largest moon of Saturn.

2007: Brad Delp, lead singer of the band Boston, commits suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning at his home in New Hampshire.

2010: Rapper Lil Wayne is sentenced to a year in prison at New York City’s Rikers Island prison after pleading guilty to gun possession.

2011: Space Shuttle Discovery makes its final landing after 39 flights.

2015: President Barack Obama signs an executive order declaring Venezuela a national security threat to the US.

2020: Italy announces it is locking down the whole country due to a spike in COVID-19 cases.

BIRTHDAYS: John Cale, singer-songwriter/producer, 80; Robin Trower, guitarist, 77; Martin Fry, singer (ABC) 64; Linda (Clorinda) Fiorentino, actress, 62; Juliette Binoche, actress, 58; Katherine Parkinson, actress, 44; Oscar Isaac, actor, 43; Matthew Gray Gubler, actor, 42; Clint Dempsey, footballer, 39; Brittany Snow, actress, 36; Stacey Dooley, documentary maker, 35; Pedro Neto, footballer, 22.