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1328: The Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
1544: Turkish troops occupy Hungary.
1700: Death of poet and playwright John Dryden.
1707: The Acts of Union come into force, uniting England and Scotland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain.
1715: Prussia declares war on Sweden.
1757: Austria and France divide Prussia.
1759: The British fleet occupies Guadeloupe, West Indies, capturing it from France.
1769: Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and future prime minister, is born in Dublin.
1776: Adam Weishaupt founds secret society The Illuminati.
1777: R B Sheridan’s “School for Scandal” premieres in London.
1786: Mozart’s opera “The Marriage of Figaro” premieres in Vienna with Mozart himself conducting.
1840: The Penny Black, the world’s first adhesive postage stamp, is issued by Britain.
1851: Great Exhibition opens at Crystal Palace.
1852: Birth of frontierswoman Calamity Jane (Martha Jane Canary) in Princeton, Missouri.
1869: The Folies Bergère opens in Paris.
1873: Alexandra Palace opens on Queen Victoria’s 54th birthday. On the same day, explorer David Livingstone dies aged 60.
1875: Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873.
1903: Edward VII visits Paris, where he is feted in a first step toward improving Anglo-French relations, culminating in the sighing of the Entente Cordiale the following year.
1904: Death of Czech composer Antonín Dvořák aged 62.
1915: The liner Lusitania leaves New York for Liverpool.
1923: Adolf Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence.
1925: Cyprus becomes a British Crown Colony.
1926: British coal miners go on strike.
1929: Police kill 19 Mayday demonstrators in Berlin.
1930: The planet Pluto is officially named by 11 year-old Venetia Burney.
1931: The Empire State Building opens in New York.
1936: Emperor Haile Selassie leaves Ethiopia as Italy invades.
1937: US President Franklin D Roosevelt signs the Neutrality Act, banning travel on belligerent ships and imposes an arms embargo on warring nations.
1939: Batman first appears in Detective Comics #27.
1941: Citizen Kane, starring and directed by Orson Welles premieres at the Palace Theater in New York.
1943: German plane sinks the British ship SS Erinpura in the Mediterranean with the loss of 799 lives.
1945: Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government. On the same day, Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Minister of Propaganda, commits suicide with his wife and arranges the death of their six children.
1948: North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
1950: Pulitzer prize awarded to Rodgers & Hammerstein for the musical “South Pacific”.
1954: Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos marries Imelda Romualdez.
1959: Floyd Patterson scores an 11th round KO of Brian London in Indianapolis – his fourth World Heavyweight Boxing title defence.
1960: Russia shoots down Francis Gary Powers’ U-2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk.
1961: Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba. On the sam.e day, the Pulitzer prize is awarded to Harper Lee for To Kill A Mockingbird
1962: The Beatles began a month long residency at The Star Club, Hamburg.
1966: The Beatles played live in the UK for the last time until their January 1969 impromptu rooftop performance when they appeared at the NME Poll Winners concert at Wembley Empire Pool.
1967: Elvis Presley, 32, married 21 year old Priscilla Beaulieu, a girl he first met in 1959 when she was just 14 years old. On the same day, Carl Wilson of The Beach Boys was arrested by the FBI on charges of avoiding the military draft and refusing to take the Oath of Allegiance.
1969: James Chichester-Clark is elected leader of the Unionist party, succeededing Terence O’Neill as Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
1977: French runner Chantal Langlacé sets female world marathon record (2:35:15.4) in Oyarzun, Spain.
1978: Mick Jagger’s wife Bianca files for divorce.
1979: Elton John became the first pop star to perform in Israel.
1980: The South African government banned Pink Floyd’s single ‘Another Brick In The Wall (Part 2)’ after black children adopted the song as their anthem in protest against inferior education.
1986: Death of comedy actress Hilda Baker.
1994: Three times Formula One drivers champion Ayrton Senna is killed when he crashes into a fence whilst leading the San Marino Grand Prix at Imola in Italy.
1996: Actress and future TV host Kelly Ripa marries co star Mark Consuelos in Las Vegas.
1997: Status Quo guitarist Rick Parfitt had a quadruple heart by-pass operation after visiting his Harley Street doctor and complaining of chest pains. On the same day, Tony Blair is elected Prime Minister.
1998: Actress Uma Thurman marries actor Ethan Hawke.
2003: Soul singer Barry White suffered a stroke while being treated for kidney failure.
2009: Carol Ann Duffy is appointed as the first female and Scottish Poet Laureate.
2011: Snooker commentator Ted Lowe dies aged 90. On the same day, boxer Henry Cooper dies aged 76.
2013: Minnesota man, Phillip Michael Schaeffer, 53, was accused of pretending to be David Gilmour of Pink Floyd at a US hospital where he racked up as much as $100,000 in unpaid medical bills. On the same day, Chris Kelly, one half of 90s rap duo Kris Kross, died in an Atlanta hospital at the age of 34.
2017: Mark Selby defends his world snooker title, beating John Higgins 18-15, at the Crucible Theatre, Sheffield.
2018: Liverpool striker Mohamed Salah becomes the first African to be named England Football Writers’ Footballer of the Year. On the same day, former James Brown drummer John “Jabo” Starks dies aged 79.
2019: Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson is fired by prime minister Theresa May over the leaking of information about Huawei deal from a UK National Security Council meeting. On the same day, Thailand’s King Maha Vajiralongkorn marries for the fourth time to Suthida Tidjai, deputy head of his bodyguard, days before his coronation; Naruhito officially succeeds his father Akihito as Emperor of Japan; Wikileaks founder Julian Assange is sentenced to 50 weeks in jail for breaching his bail conditions; South African Olympic champion runner Caster Semenya loses an appeal against proposed rules to limit her testosterone levels; US Attorney General William Barr testifies before the Senate Judiciary Committee defending his handling of the Mueller Report and actress Sophie Turner and singer Joe Jonas are married by an Elvis impersonator in Las Vegas.
BIRTHDAYS: Una Stubbs, actress, 83; Judy Collins, singer, 81; Rita Coolidge, singer, 75; Joanna Lumley, actress, 74; Antony Worrall Thompson, chef, 69; Glen Ballard, songwriter, 67; Ray Parker Jr, singer, 66; Owen Paul, singer, 58; Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones, the Queen’s neice, 56; Johnny Colt, bassist (The Black Crowes) 54; Tim McGraw, country singer, 53; D’arcy Wretsky-Brown, bassist (Smashing Pumpkins), 52; Wes Anderson, film director/writer, 51; Bernard Butler, guitarist, 50; Jodhi May, actress, 45; Jamie Dornan, actor, 38; Matt Di Angelo, actor, 33.