330: Byzantium becomes the capital of the Roman Empire.
1310: 54 Knights Templar are burned at the stake in France for being heretics.
1778: Death of William Pitt the Elder aged 69.
1812:Prime Minister Spencer Percival is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons. On the same day, the waltz is introduced into English ballrooms. Some observers consider it disgusting and immoral.
1888: Birth of songwriter Irving Berlin (Israel Isidore Baline) in Russia.
1891: Prince Nicolas (later Tsar Nicolas II of Russia) survives an assassination attempt in Japan.
1900:James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in Round 23 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1904: Birth of surrealist Salvador Dali in Spain.
1927: Louis B Mayer forms the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences.
1928: Walter Hagen wins the British Open golf tournament for the third time.
1931: “M” Fritz Lang’s first sound film starring Peter Lorre premieres in Berlin.
1949: Israel becomes a member of the United Nations. On the same day, Siam renames itself Thailand.
1960: Israeli soldiers capture Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires.
1966: Real Madrid beats Partizan Belgrade 2-1 to win the European Cup in Brussels.
1967: Britain, Ireland and Denmark apply for membership of the EEC.
1968: Students and police battle in Paris.
1969: The Monty Python troupe of writer/performers forms.
1972: John Lennon appeared on the US television ‘Dick Cavett Show’, claiming he was under surveillance from the FBI. Turns out he was right.
1981: Reggae superstar Bob Marley died from cancer aged 36. On the same day, Andrew Lloyd Webber’s musical Cats premieres in the West End.
1983: Aberdeen win the European Cup Winner’s Cup, beating Real Madrid 2-1 in Gothenburg.
1984: Johan Cruyff retires from playing football.
1985: A wooden stand at Bradford City football ground catches fire, killing 56 people.
1987: The first heart-lung transplant take place in Baltimore.
2000: Death of author Douglas Adams aged 49.
2003: Jimi Hendrix Experience bassist Noel Redding died at his home in Ireland aged 57.
2010: David Cameron becomes Prime Minister after forming a coalition government between the Liberal Democrats and his own Conservative Party.
2013: Wigan Athletic cause a major upset, defeating Manchester City 1-0 at Wembley to win the FA Cup.
BIRTHDAYS: Louis Farrakhan (Wolcott), religious leader, 87; Carla Bley, musician/composer, 82; Eric Burdon, singer (The Animals), 79; Jeremy Paxman, broadcaster, 70; John Parrott, snooker pundit, 56; Christoph Schneider, drummer (Rammstein), 54; Holly Vallance, singer/actress, 37; Andrés Iniesta, footballer, 36.