1191: Richard I (the Lionheart) marries Berengaria of Navarre in Cyprus.
1215: English barons serve an ultimatum on King John which eventually leads to the creation and signing of the Magna Carta.
1789: William Wilberforce makes his first major speech on abolition in the House of Commons, reasoning the slave trade is morally reprehensible.
1797: Napoleon conquers Venice. On the same day, Royal Navy sailors mutiny on the Thames and blockade London.
1870: Manitoba becomes a province of Canada.
1820: Birth of Florence Nightingale.
1890: The first-ever official cricket County Championship match begins. Yorkshire beats Gloucestershire by eight wickets at Bristol. George Ulyett scores the first century in the competition.
1908: George Bernard Shaw’s “Getting Married” premieres in London.
1915: Croatians plunder Armenia.
1916: James Connolly and Sean McDermott are executed following their involvement in the Easter Rising in Dublin.
1925: Uzbekistan & Kirgizistan become autonomous Soviet republics.
1926: Dmitri Shostakovich’s first Symphony premieres in Leningrad. On the same day, General Jozef Pilsudski returns to power in Poland after a coup d’état against the Witos regime and the general strike in Britain ends after nine days, although coal mine workers stay on strike.
1928: Benito Mussolini ends women’s rights in Italy.
1932: The body of the kidnapped son of aviator Charles Lindbergh is discovered in Hopewell, New Jersey.
1937: The coronation of George VI at Westminster Abbey.
1940: Nazi blitzkrieg and the conquest of France begins with the crossing of the Muese River.
1941: Martin Bormann replaces Rudolf Hess as Hitler’s deputy. On the same day, British forces march into Alexandria.
1942: 1,500 Jews are gassed in Auschwitz concentration camp.
1943: Axis forces in North Africa surrender. On the same day, British prime minister Winston Churchill arrives in the US.
1944: Crimea is purged of Nazi troops.
1948: Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates.
1949: Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit on India becomes the first female ambassador to the US.
1959: Elizabeth Taylor marries Eddie Fisher.
1963: Bob Dylan walked out of rehearsals for the Ed Sullivan Show on US TV after being told he couldn’t perform his song ‘Talking John Birch Paranoid Blues’ due to it mocking the US military and segregation. On the same day, a race riot breaks out in Birmingham, Alabama.
1965: Wilson Pickett recorded the soul classic ‘In the Midnight Hour’ in Stax’s studio in Memphis. Pickett and MGs guitarist Steve Cropper wrote the song at the Lorraine Motel, where Martin Luther King would be assassinated in April 1968. On the same day, Israel and West Germany begin diplomatic relations.
1967: Pink Floyd perform at the Games for May concert in London, featuring the first quadrophonic sound system, which is stolen after the gig. On the same day, “Blowup” directed by Michelangelo Antonioni wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film at the Cannes Film Festival. On the same day, Poet Laureate John Masefield dies aged 88.
1970: Race riots break out in Augusta, Georgia.
1971: Mick Jagger married Bianca Perez-Mora Macias at St Tropez Town Hall.
1976: Bayern Munich beats Saint-Etienne 1-0 at Hampden Park, Glasgow to win the European Cup.
1977: Virgin records announced they had signed The Sex Pistols – the band’s third record company in six months after being dropped by EMI and A&M.
1980: West Ham United wins the FA Cup, beating Arsenal 1-0 at Wembley Stadium. Trevor Brooking scores with a rare header.
1981: Meat Loaf filed for bankruptcy with debts of over $1 million.
1982: Barcelona win the European Cup Winner’s Cup against Standard Liège 2-1 in Barcelona. On the same day, in Fatima Portugal, a Spanish Traditionalist priest who opposed Vatican II reforms, is stopped prior to his attempt to attack the Pope with a bayonet.
1989: Retired British pilot Jackie Mann is kidnapped by Islamic fundamentalists.
1993: Parma defeat Royal Antwerp 3-1 to win the European Cup Winner’s Cup at Wembley Stadium.
1994: Quentin Tarantino’s “Pulp Fiction” gets a world premiere at the Cannes Film Festival.
1996: 17-year-old Bernadette O’Brien died the day after being injured ‘body surfing’ at a Smashing Pumpkins gig at The Point, Dublin.
1997: Russia and Chechnya sign a peace deal after 400 years of conflict.
1999: Sir David Steel becomes the first Presiding Officer (speaker) of the modern Scottish Parliament.
2001: Singer Perry Como died aged 88. On the same day, Liverpool beats Arsenal, 2-1 to win the FA Cup final at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff.
2004: Model and actress Ali Landry divorces actor Mario Lopez due to infidelity less than two weeks after getting married.
2005: Actress aAnne Parillaud and musician Jean-Michel Jarre marry in Paris.
2008: An earthquake, measuring 7.8 in magnitude occurs in Sichuan, China, killing over 87,000 people.
2011: Kings of Leon singer Caleb Followill marries model Lily Aldridge in California.
2013: Thieves steal more than one million rand (£70,000) in takings after a Justin Bieber concert at Johannesburg’s Soccer City stadium in South Africa.
2019: Manchester City beats Brighton, 4-1 to claim back-to-back English Premier League titles. On the same day, Jodie Comer wins a BAFTA award for her role as Villanelle in the show Killing Eve.
BIRTHDAYS: Burt Bacharach, songwriter, 92; Susan Hampshire (Lady Kulukundis), actress, 82; Steve Winwood, musician, 72; Gabriel Byrne, actor, 70; Greg Phillinganes, keyboardist, 64; Ving Rhames, actor, 61; Billy Duffy, guitarist (The Cult), 61; Emilio Estevez, actor, 58; Vanessa Williams, actress/singer, 57; Stephen Baldwin, actor, 54; Bebel Gilberto, singer, 54; Catherine Tate, comedian/actor, 52; Jim Furyk, golfer, 50; Samantha Mathis, actress, 50; Mark Morrison, singer, 48; Jason Biggs, actor, 42; Rami Malek, actor, 39.