1110: Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath.
1568: Mary, Queen of Scots is defeated at the Battle of Langside.
1643: Parliamentary armies beat royalists at the Battle of Grantham. On the same day, an earthquake in Santiago, Chile, kills a third of the population.
1767: Mozart’s first opera “Apollo et Hyacinthus”, written when he was 11 years old, premieres in Salzburg.
1787: Arthur Philip sets sail with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay, Australia.
1830: The Republic of Ecuador is founded.
1882: Birth of cubist artist Georges Bracque in France.
1890: Lord Salisbury offers Helgoland to Germany in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda & Equatoria.
1905: James J Jeffries retires as boxing champion.
1907: Birth of writer Daphne du Maurier.
1912: Formation of the Royal Flying Corps.
1922: Rudolph Valentino marries film costume and set designer Natacha Rambova in Mexico. He is then arrested for bigamy as he had not been divorced for a year.
1940: Winston Churchill says “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat” in his first speech as Prime Minister to the House of Commons. On the same day, Queen Wilhelmina of The Netherlands flees to England.
1950: The first ever race of the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship is run at Silverstone and won by Giuseppe Farina of italy in an Alfa Romeo.
1952: Jawaharlal Nehru becomes premier of India.
1958: French settlers riot against the French army in Algeria. On the same day, a motorcade carrying US Vice President Richard Nixon is attacked in Caracas, Venezuela and the trademark Velcro is registered.
1961: Film star Gary Cooper dies aged 60.
1968: A one-day workers’ general strike is called in Paris in solidarity with students calling for the fall of the French government and protesting police brutality. Mick Jagger wrote the song Street Fighting Man after witnessing some of the violence himself.
1970: World premiere of The Beatles documentary Let It Be in New York.
1971: On his 21st birthday, Stevie Wonder receives all his childhood earnings. Despite having earned $30 million, he receives only $1 million prompting him to inform Motown chairman Berry Gordy at his birthday party that he will be renegotiating his contract, the terms of which Gordy later described as one of the toughest deals he ever had to accept.
1973: Singles chart:
- See My Baby Jive – Wizzard
- Hellraiser – The Sweet
- Tie A Yellow Ribbon Round The Old Oak Tree – Dawn ft Tony Orlando
- Hello! Hello! I’m Back Again – Gary Glitter
- And I Love You So – Perry Como
- Drive In Saturday – David Bowie
- Giving It All Away – Roger Daltrey
- Brother Louie – Hot Chocolate
- Also Sprach Zarathustra – Deodato
- No More Mr Nice Guy – Alice Cooper
- Aladdin Sane – David Bowie
- 1967-70 (Blue Album) – The Beatles
- 1962-66 (Red Album) – The Beatles
- Believe In Music – Various Artists
- Singalonga Max Vol 3 – Max Bygraves
- Red Rose Speedway – Wings
- Billion Dollar Babies – Alice Cooper
- 40 Fantastic Hits From The 50s And 60s – Various Artists
- For Your Pleasure – Roxy Music
- The Dark Side Of The Moon – Pink Floyd
1977: England cricket captain Tony Greig is sacked for recruiting players to Australian media mogul Kerry Packer’s rival World XI team.
1981: Pope John Paul II is shot four times by 23-year old Turkish man Mehmet Ali Hagca while blessing crowds in St Peter’s Square in Rome.
1985: Bruce Springsteen marries Julianne Phillips at Lake Oswego, Oregon.
1988: Jazz trumpeter Chet Baker dies aged 59 after falling from a hotel window in Amsterdam.
1995: British mother of two Alison Hargeaves becomes the first woman to conquer Everest without oxygen or the help of sherpas.
1998: Chelsea win the European Cup Winner’s Cup against Stuttgart of Germany 1-0 in Stockholm.
2000: Happy Mondays and Black Grape singer Shaun Ryder’s stolen Volkswagen Corrado is found abandoned after being used as the getaway car in an armed robbery on Harry Ramsden’s fish and chip restaurant in Manchester.
2001: Silvio Berlusconi’s right-wing “House of Freedoms” coalition wins the Italian general election. On the same day, Da Ali G Show wins the best comedy award at the TV BAFTAS.
2002: Singer Dionne Warwick is arrested at Miami International Airport for possession of marijuana.
2003: Michael Jackson launches a legal case against Motown Records for unpaid royalties.
2006: Liverpool beat West Ham United, 3-1 on penalties after 3–3 score after extra time to win the FA Cup final at the Milennium Stadium, Cardiff.
2012: Donald “Duck” Dunn, bassist with Booker T and the MG’s dies in his sleep after playing a show at the Blue Note night club in Tokyo. On the same day, Manchester City beats QPR 3-2 at the City of Manchester Stadium with an injury time Sergio Aguero goal to win the Premier League title on goal difference from Manchester United.
2018: Manchester City ends the Premier League season with a 1-0 win at Southampton having smashed 11 Premier League records including biggest title winning margin (19 points) and most points (100). On the same day, Tommy Charlton, younger brother of Bobby and Jackie, makes his debut at the age of 72 for the England Over 60’s side in the first ever Walking Football international against Italy at the Amex Stadium, Brighton
2019: Actress Felicity Huffman pleads guilty for her part in the US college admissions scandal. On the same day, China retaliates against the US as their trade war escalates, raising tariffs on $60 billion worth of goods affecting over 4,000 items and film star Doris Day dies aged 97..
BIRTHDAYS: Harvey Keitel, actor, 82; Joe Brown, singer/guitarist, 80; Zoe Wanamaker, actress, 72; Johnny Logan, singer, 71; Stevie Wonder, singer-songwriter, 71; Paul Thompson, drummer, (Roxy Music) 70; Selina Scott, newsreader, 70; Richard Madeley, TV prsenter, 65; Stephen Colbert, comedian/TV host, 57; Lorraine McIntosh (Ross), singer (Deacon Blue) 57; Alison Goldfrapp, singer-songwriter, 55; Yaya Toure, footballer, 38; Lena Dunham, actress/writer, 35; Robert Pattinson, actor, 35; Romelu Lukaku, footballer, 28.