1110: Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath.
1568: Mary, Queen of Scots is defeated at the Battle of Langside.
1643: Parliamentary armies beat royalists at the Battle of Grantham. On the same day, an earthquake in Santiago, Chile, kills a third of the population.
1767: Mozart’s first opera “Apollo et Hyacinthus”, written when he was 11 years old, premieres in Salzburg.
1787: Arthur Philip sets sail with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay, Australia.
1830: The Republic of Ecuador is founded.
1882: Birth of cubist artist Georges Bracque in France.
1890: Lord Salisbury offers Helgoland to Germany in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda & Equatoria.
1905: James J Jeffries retires as boxing champion.
1907: Birth of writer Daphne du Maurier.
1912: Formation of the Royal Flying Corps.
1922: Rudolph Valentino marries film costume and set designer Natacha Rambova in Mexico. He is then arrested for bigamy as he had not been divorced for a year.
1940: Winston Churchill says “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat” in his first speech as Prime Minister to the House of Commons. On the same day, Queen Wilhelmina of The Netherlands flees to England.
1950: The first ever race of the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship is run at Silverstone and won by Giuseppe Farina of italy in an Alfa Romeo.
1952: Jawaharlal Nehru becomes premier of India.
1958: French settlers riot against the French army in Algeria. On the same day, a motorcade carrying US Vice President Richard Nixon is attacked in Caracas, Venezuela and the trademark Velcro is registered.
1961: Film star Gary Cooper dies aged 60.
1970: World premiere of The Beatles documentary Let It Be in New York.
1971: On his twenty-first birthday Stevie Wonder received all his childhood earnings. Despite having earned $30 million so far, he received only $1 million, prompting him to renegotiate a far more advantageous new contract with Motown boss Berry Gordy.
1981: Pope John Paul II is shot and critically wounded by Turkish gunman Mehemet Ali Agca in St Peter’s Square, Vatican City.
1985: Bruce Springsteen married Julianne Phillips at Lake Oswego, Oregon.
1988: Jazz trumpeter Chet Baker dies aged 59 after falling from a hotel window.
1996: Oasis became. the fastest selling group in UK history after all 330,000 tickets for their summer shows sold out in just nine hours.
1998: Chelsea win the European Cup Winner’s Cup against Stuttgart of Germany 1-0 in Stockholm.
2000: Happy Mondays singer Shaun Ryder’s Volkswagen Corrado was found abandoned after being used as a getaway car in an armed robbery on a fish n chip shop in Manchester.
2001: Silvio Berlusconi’s right-wing “House of Freedoms” coalition wins the Italian general election. On the same day, Da Ali G Show wins the best comedy award at the TV BAFTAS.
2002: Singer Dionne Warwick was arrested at Miami International Airport for possession of marijuana after authorities found 11 joints in the singer’s hand luggage.
2003: Michael Jackson sued Motown for royalties due for the music he did with the Jackson Five in the 60s and 70s. He also claimed his music had been used in TV ads without his permission.
2006: Liverpool beat West Ham United, 3-1 on penalties after 3–3 score after extra time to win the FA Cup final at the Milennium Stadium, Cardiff.
2012: Donald “Duck” Dunn, bassist with Booker T and the MG’s died in his sleep after playing a show in Tokyo. On the same day, Manchester City beats QPR 3-2 at the City of Manchester Stadium to win the Premier League title on goal difference from Manchester United.
2016: Tower of Power played a California prison with former lead singer Rick Stevens, who had served 36 years for a 1976 drug-related triple homicide.
2018: Manchester City ends the Premier League season with a 1-0 win at Southampton having smashed 11 Premier League records including biggest title winning margin (19 points) and most points (100).
2019: Actress Felicity Huffman pleads guilty for her part in the US college admissions scandal. On the same day, China retatiates against the US as their trade war escalates, raising tariffs on $60 billion worth of goods affecting over 4,000 items and film star Doris Day dies aged 97..
BIRTHDAYS: Harvey Keitel, actor, 81; Joe Brown, singer-guitarist, 79; Zoe Wanamaker, actress, 71; Stevie Wonder, singer/songwriter/musician, 70; Paul Thompson, drummer (Roxy Music), 69; Selina Scott, newsreader, 69; Richard Madeley, TV prsenter, 64; Stephen Colbert, comedian/TV host, 56; Alison Goldfrapp, singer, 54; Samantha Morton, actress, 43; Yaya Toure, footballer, 37; Lena Dunham, actress/writer, 34; Robert Pattinson, actor, 34.