1264: Simon de Montfort the younger, Earl of Leicester, defeats Henry III at the Battle of Lewes in the 2nd Barons War.
1607: Colonists establish the first permanent English settlement in America at Jamestown.
1610: The assassination of Henry IV of France brings 10 year-old Louis XIII to the French throne.
1643: Louis XIV becomes king of France at 4 years-old.
1702: England and The Netherlands declare war on France and Spain.
1747: The British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at first battle of Cape Finisterre.
1787: Delegates gather in Philadelphia to draw up US constitution.
1796: Gloucestershire country doctor Edward Jenner administers the first inoculation against smallpox using cowpox pus.
1811: Paraguay gains independence from Spain.
1832: Premiere of Felix Mendelssohn’s overture “The Hebrides” in London.
1842: Illustrated London News; the world’s first illustrated weekly newspaper, begins publication.
1853: Newspaper publisher Gail Borden patents his process for condensed milk.
1878: Vaseline is granted a patent in the US.
1889: The NSPCC is formed in London.
1908: The first passenger flight in an airplane.
1925: Death of author Henry Ryder Haggard aged 68.
1938: The England soccer team beats Nazi-Germany, 6-3.
1939: Lina Medina becomes the world’s youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.
1940: The Luftwaffe bombs Rotterdam and The Netherlands surrenders to Nazi Germany.
1944: Generals Rommel, Speidel and von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler.
1948: Israel declares independence from British administration.
1949: US President Harry Truman signs a bill establishing a rocket test range at Cape Canaveral in Florida.
1955: The Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania.
1957: The paymaster general announces restrictions on fuel consumption imposed during the Suez crisis are to be lifted. On the same day, Elvis Presley is was rushed to a Los Angeles hospital after swallowing a porcelain cap from one of his front teeth, which then lodged its-self in one of his lungs.
1961: Stirling Moss wins the 1961 Monaco Grand Prix.
1963: Kuwait joins the UN.
1964: President Gamal Abdul Nasser of Egypt and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev end phase one of the construction of the Aswan High Dam by blowing up a huge sand barrage to divert the course of the River Nile.
1969: Fairport Convention’s van crashes on the M1 motorway on the way home from a gig in Birmingham, killing the group’s 19 year-old drummer Martin Lamble and guitarist Richard Thompson’s girlfriend Jeannie Franklyn. On the same day, abortion and contraception is legalised in Canada.
1972: A 13 year old Catholic girl is shot dead by Loyalist paramilitaries in Ballymurphy, Belfast.
1973: Skylab, the first space station, is launched.
1976: Keith Relf, former lead singer for The Yardbirds, is electrocuted while tuning a guitar which was not properly earthed in his west London home.
1977: Bobby Moore retires from playing football.
1980: Valencia beat Arsenal 5-4 on penalties to win the European Cup Winner’s Cup in Brussels.
1986: The Netherlands Institute for War Documentation publishes Anne Frank’s complete diary.
1987: Film star Rita Hayworth (Margarita Cansino) dies from Alzheimer’s disease aged 68.
1988: The surviving members of Led Zeppelin reunite for the Atlantic Records 40th anniversary party at Madison Square Garden, New York, with Jason Bonham on drums. The event was marred by singer Robert Plant’s sudden refusal to perform Stairway To Heaven which is said to have upset guitarist Jimmy Page so much it affected his performance.
1989: Students begin a demonstration for democratic reforms in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.
1991: Winnie Mandela, the wife of anti-apartheid campaigner Nelson Mandela, is given a six-year jail term in South Africa for her part in the kidnap and beating of four youths suspected of being police informers, one of whom died. On the same day, Jiang Qing, widow of Chairman Mao, commits suicide in China at 77.
1993: During an auction at Christies in London the acoustic guitar that Elvis Presley used to make his first recordings in 1954, That’s All Right Mama and Blue Moon of Kentucky, sold for £130,285.
1994: Manchester United defeat Chelsea 4-0 at Wembley Stadium to win the FA Cup.
1995: At 43 years, 162 days Manchester City goalkeeper John Burridge becomes the oldest player to appear in a Premier League match as City lose 3-2 at home to QPR.
1997: Barcelona beat Paris St Germain 1-0 to win the European Cup Winner’s Cup in Rotterdam.
1998: Frank Sinatra dies aged 82 from a heart attack.
2000: Singles chart:
- Don’t Call Me Baby – Madison Avenue
- Oops! I Did It Again – Britney Spears
- Sex Bomb – Tom Jones & Mousse T
- Koochy – Armand van Helden
- Bound 4 Da Reload – Oxide and Neutrino
- Heart Of Asia – Watergate
- Tell Me Why (The Riddle) – Paul van Dyk ft St Etienne
- The Bad Touch – The Bloodhound Gang
- The Wicker Man – Iron Maiden
- Toca’s Miracle – Coco vs Fragma
- Reload – Tom Jones
- Play – Moby
- Supernatural – Santana
- 2001 – Dr Dre
- At His Very Best – Engelbert Humperdinck
- The Heat – Toni Braxton
- The Man Who – Travis
- Mystery White Boy: Live 95-96 – Jeff Buckley
- Come On Over – Shania Twain
- Westlife – Westlife
2004: Record producer Phil Spector is arrested after getting into a scuffle with his chauffeur at his California mansion.
2011: Manchester City beats Stoke City, 1-0 (Yaya Touré 74′) at Wembley to win the FA Cup.
2015: Blues guitarist (Riley) B.B. King dies in his sleep aged 89 from a series of small strokes caused by type 2 diabetes.
2016: The Beatles’ former press officer, Tony Barrow, who coined the term ‘The Fab Four’ to describe the band, dies aged 80.
BIRTHDAYS: Dame Siân (Jane) Phillips, actress, 88; Charlie Gracie (Graci) singer, 85; George Lucas, director/producer/screenwriter, 77; Francesca Annis, actress, 76; David Byrne, singer-songwriter (Talking Heads) 69; Sir Michael Fallon, politician, 69; Robert Zemeckis, director, 69; Steve Hogarth, singer, (Marillion), 65; Tim Roth, actor, 60; Ian Blackford, SNP politician, 60; David Quantick, writer, 60; Danny Huston, actor/director, 59; C.C. Deville, guitarist (Poison) 59; Ian Astbury, singer, (The Cult) 59; Mike Inez, bassist (Alice In Chains) 55; Greg Davies, comedian, 53; Greg Kurstin, record producer/songwriter, 52; Cate Blanchett, actress, 52; Danny Wood, singer (New Kids On The Block) 50; Sofia Coppola, director/screenwriter, 50; Natalie Appleton, singer, (All Saints), 48; Martine McCutcheon, actress/singer, 45; Dan Auerbach, record producer/guitarist/singer-songwriter (The Black Keys) 42; Olly Murs, singer, 37; Mark Zuckerberg, entrepreneur, 37; Nigel Reo-Coker, footballer, 37; Miranda Cosgrove, actress, 28.