1213: King John names Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury.
1248: Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden lays the cornerstone for Cologne Cathedral.
1536: Anne Boleyn and her brother George, Lord Rochford, are accused of adultery and incest.
1567: Composer Claudio Monteverdi is born in Cremona, Italy. On the same day, Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell.
1602: Cape Cod is discovered by English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold.
1618: German astronomer Johannes Kepler discovers the third of his three planetary laws, his “harmonics law”
1701: The War of the Spanish Succession begins.
1718: London lawyer James Puckle patents world’s first machine gun.
1800: George III survives a second assassination attempt.
1886: Death of poet Emily Dickinson aged 55.
1891: British Central African Protectorate (now Malawi) forms.
1905: Las Vegas is founded as a city.
1921: The British Legion is formed to care for ex-servicemen.
1932: Japanese prime minister Inukai Tsuyoshi is killed in an attempted coup.
1934: The US Department of Justice offers a $25,000 reward for gangster John Dillinger, dead or alive.
1935: The Moscow Metro opens to the public.
1936: Aviator Amy Johnson lands in Croydon, having flown from South Africa in a record 4 days and 16 hours.
1948: The British mandate over Palestine ends. On the same day, troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel.
1953: In his first world heavyweight title defence, Rocky Marciano knocks out former champion Jersey Joe Walcott in the first round in Chicago.
1955: Britain, France, the US and USSR restore Austria’s independence with the Vienna Treaty.
1957: Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb near Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean.
1958: The USSR launches the Sputnik III satellite.
1960: Sputnik IV is launched into Earth orbit.
1962: US marines arrive in Laos.
1963: Spurs beat Athletico Madrid 5-1 to win the European Cup Winner’s Cup in Rotterdam.
1967: Paul McCartney met American photographer Linda Eastman for the first time, during a Georgie Fame concert at the Bag O’Nails nightclub in London.
1970: The International Olympic Committee votes to expel South Africa.
1972: US Senator George Wallace is left paralysed from the waist down after an assassination attempt by gunman Arthur Bremer in Maryland. On the same day, The island of Okinawa, under US military governance since1945, reverts to Japanese control.
1974: Frank Zappa and his wife Gail announced the birth of their third child, a boy named Ahmet Rodan, after the Japanese movie monster. On the same day, the Ulster Workers’ Council strike begins called by Ulster loyalists and unionists who were against the Sunningdale Agreement, which proposed the sharing of political power with Irish nationalists.
1976: The UVF launches gun and bomb attacks on two pubs in County Armagh, Northern Ireland, killing four Catholic civilians and wounding many more; a British Army soldier is later convicted for taking part in the attacks. On the same day, the Provisional IRA kill three Royal Ulster Constabulary officers in County Fermanagh and one in County Down.
1985: Everton win the European Cup Winner’s Cup, beating Rapid Wien 3-1 in Rotterdam.
1986: Gen Galtieri, former president of Argentina and leader of the military junta during the Falklands conflict, is jailed for 12 years.
1988: The USSR begins withdrawing its troops from Afghanistan.
1990: “Portrait of Doctor Gachet” by Van Gogh sells at auction for $82.5million.
1991: Manchester United defeat Barcelona 2-1 with both goals from Mark Hughes to win the European Cup Winner’s Cup in Rotterdam.
1992: Barbara Lee of the Chiffons died from a heart attack the day before her 45th birthday.
1999: Rob Gretton manager of Joy Division and New Order died aged 46.
2002: A wonder goal from Zinedine Zidane helps Real Madrid win the Champions League as they beat Bayer Leverkusen 2-1 at Hampden Park, Glasgow.
2003: Country singer June Carter Cash, wife of Johnny, died in Nashville, Tennessee, of complications following heart valve replacement surgery, aged 73.
2010: 16 year-old Jessica Watson becomes the youngest person to sail solo, non-stop and unassisted around the world. On the same day, Chelsea beat Portsmouth 1-0 with a Didier Drogba goal to win the FA Cup at Wembley Stadium.
2018: 58 Palestinians are killed by Israeli forces and 1,700 hospitalized on the Gaza border during protests over the opening of a US embassy in Jerusalem and the 70th anniversary of the founding of Israel. On the same day, the Kerch bridge, linking Russia and annexed Crimea, is opened by Russian President Vladimir Putin.
2019: Alabama passes a law banning abortion in almost all cases including rape or incest. On the same day, Jeff Koons’ “Rabbit” sculpture sells for $91.1 million, setting a new record for a work by a living artist at auction.
BIRTHDAYS: Jasper Johns, artist, 90; Trini Lopez, singer, 83; Madeleine Albright, US politician/diplomat, 83; Ian “Titch” Amey, guitarist (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mitch and Titch), 76; Brian Eno, record producer, 72; Chazz Palminteri, actor, 68; Mike Oldfield, musician, 67; Andrew Eldrich, singer (Sisters of Mercy), 61; Melle Mel (Melvin Glover), rapper, 59; Nicola Walker, actress, 50; Zara Philips, equestrian, 39; Patrice Evra, football pundit, 39; Andy Murray, tennis champion, 33.