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1527: Florence becomes a republic.
1532: Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor.
1568: Mary, Queen of Scots flees to England.
1605: Camillo Borghese is elected to succeed Pope Leo XI, becomes Paul V.
1770: 14 year-old Marie Antoinette marries the future Louis XVI of France, aged 15.
1792: Denmark abolishes the country’s slave trade.
1831: Birth of David Edward Hughes, inventor of the microphone and the teleprinter.
1836: Author Edgar Allen Poe, 26, marries his 13-year-old cousin Virginia Clemm.
1860: The Republican convention in Chicago selects Abraham Lincoln as the party’s candidate for president of the US.
1868: The US Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson by one vote.
1875: An eathquake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000.people.
1907: In the Pact of Cartagena, Great Britain, France, and Spain agree to maintain the status quo in the Mediterranean and along the Atlantic coast of Europe and Africa.
1920: Joan of Arc is canonised as a saint.
1927: The US Supreme Court rules that bootleggers must pay income tax.
1929: Emil Jannings and Janet Gaynor are winners at the first Academy Awards ceremony. The statuettes are not yet called Oscars.
1943: The Dambusters raid in which 617 Squadron attacks the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs. On the same day, SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto in Poland.
1947: Blues singer Billie Holiday is arrested in her New York apartment for possession of narcotics.
1948: Chaim Weizmann is elected first President of Israel. On the same day, Egypt .enters Gaza.
1953: Death of legendary jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt aged 43.
1955: Rocky Marciano beats Don Cockell by a TKO in the ninth round in San Francisco to retain his world heavyweight boxing title.
1956: England spin bowler Jim Laker takes 10-88 for Surrey v Australia in a tour match at The Oval.
1957: Death of Eliot Ness, the federal agent who ended Al Capone’s reign, aged 54.
1963: Gordon Cooper completes 22 orbits of the Earth in Faith 7, the last flight of the Mercury project.
1965: “The Knack…and How to Get It” directed by Richard Lester and starring Rita Tushingham, Ray Brooks and Michael Crawford, wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film at the Cannes Film Festival.
1969: Pete Townshend spent the night in a US jail for assaulting a man during a Who gig at The Fillmore East. What Townshend didn’t know was the man who jumped onto the stage was a plainclothes policeman trying to warn the audience that a fire had broken out .On the same day, Venera 5 lands on Venus and returns data on the atmosphere.
1970: “M*A*S*H” directed by Robert Altman, starring Donald Sutherland and Elliot Gould, wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film at the Cannes Film Festival.
1973: AC Milan defeat Leeds United 1-0 to win the European Cup Winner’s Cup in Saloniki.
1974: Helmut Schmidt becomes Chancellor of West Germany.
1975: Muhammad Ali TKO’s Ron Lyle in Round 11 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1977: Muhammad Ali beats Alfredo Evangelist in 15 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.
1980: Former Buggles members Geoff Downes and Trevor Horn replace Jon Anderson and Rick Wakeman in Yes.
1983: The Lebanese parliament accepts a peace accord with Israel.
1984: Comedian Andy Kaufman dies from cancer aged 35.
1989: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping meet in Beijing, formally ending a 30-year rift between the countries.
1990: Muppets creator Jim Henson dies from toxic shock syndrome caused by pneumonia, aged 53. On the same day, Sammy Davis Jr dies from throat cancer aged 64.
1991: The Queen becomes the first British monarch to address US congress.
1993: Soul singer Marv Johnson died of a stroke.
1994: Tennis star Jennifer Capriati is arrested for possession of marijuana.
1995: Japanese police arrest cult leader Shoko Asahara and charge him with the Nerve-gas attack on Tokyo’s subways two months earlier.
1998: Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards fell while reaching for a book of nude art in his Connecticut home. The fall broke his ribs, causing the Stones to postpone many dates on their Bridges To Babylon tour.
2003: 33 civilians are killed and more than 100 people are injured in terrorist attacks in Casablanca
2005: Kuwait allows women the vote.
2007: Alex Salmond of the SNP is elected First Minister of Scotland. On the same day, Nicolas Sarkozy becomes President of France.
2010: Singer Ronnie James Dio died after a six-month battle with stomach cancer aged 67.
2013: Microsoft CEO Bill Gates regains his position as the world’s richest man with a fortune of $72.7 billion. On the same day, Hi-de-Hi star Paul Shane dies aged 72.
2019: “The Jeremy Kyle Show” is axed by ITV after a guest dies.
BIRTHDAYS: Billy Cobham, drummer, 76; Danny Trejo, actor, 76; Robert Fripp, guitarist (King Crimson), 74; Christian Lacriox, fashion designer, 69; Pierce Brosnan, actor, 67; Hazel O’Connor, singer, 65; Debra Winger, actress, 65; Glen Gregory, singer (Heaven 17), 62; Anne Parillaud, actress, 60; Andrew Innes, guitarist (Primal Scream) 58; Krist Novoselic, bassist (Nirvana), 55; Janet Jackson, singer, 54; David Boreanaz, actor, 51; Tori Spelling, actress, 47; Emiliana Torini, singer, 43; Megan Fox, actress, 34.