1182: The high alter of Notre Dame is consecrated.
1536: Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII is beheaded at the Tower of London on charges of adultery, incest and treason.
1568: Mary, Queen of Scots is arrested on the orders of Elizabeth I.
1571: Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founds Manilla in the Phillipines.
1635: France’s First Minister, Cardinal Richelieu declares war on Spain.
1649: England is declared a Commonwealth by an act of the Rump Parliament making England a republic for the next 11 years.
1897: Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.
1898: Death of former prime minister William Ewart Gladstone aged 88.
1902: Britain and the Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria.
1919: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk lands at Samsun on the Black Sea coast, beginning the Turkish War of Independence.
1925: Birth of Cambodian dictator Pol Pot.
1926: The French air force bombs Damascus, Syria.
1929: Chinese warlord Feng Yuxiang declares war on Chiang Kai-shek’s nationalist government.
1930: White women win voting rights in South Africa.
1935: T E Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) dies in a motorcycle accident in Dorset aged 46.
1944: The German defence line in Italy collapses.
1958: Premiere of Harold Pinter’s play “The Birthday Party” in London. On the same day, film star Ronald Coleman dies aged 67.
1960: American DJ Alan Freed was indicted along with seven others for accepting $30,650 in payola from six record companies.
1965: West Ham United win the European Cup Winner’s Cup against 1860 München of West Germany 2-0 in London.
1966: Singles chart:
- Pretty Flamingo – Manfred Mann
- Sloop John B – The Beach Boys
- Daydream – The Lovin’ Spoonful
- Wild Thing – The troggs
- Paint It Black – The Rolling Stones
- Shotgun Wedding – Roy C
- You Don’t Have To Say You Love Me – Dusty Springfield
- Pied Piper – Crispian St Peters
- Sorrow – The Merseys
- Rainy Day Women Nos 12 and 35 – Bob Dylan
1967: The USSR ratifies a treaty with Britain and the US banning nuclear weapons in space.
1969: Jazz saxophonist Coleman Hawkins dies aged 64.
1974: Valery Giscard d’Estaing is elected President of France.
1976: Keith Richards of the Rolling Stones crashes his car near Newport Pagnell, Bucks, after falling asleep at the wheel. Marijuana and cocaine were found by the police resulting in another fine for the guitarist.
1979: Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, Eric Clapton, Ginger Baker and Mick Jagger jam together at a party to celebrate Clapton’s marriage to George’s ex wife Patti.
1980: Ringo Starr and fiancée Barbara Bach are involved in a car crash less than half a mile from where Marc Bolan had been killed three years earlier. The car was a write-off but the couple were not seriously injured.
1981: Five British Army soldiers are killed when their armoured vehicle is ripped apart by a Provisional IRA roadside bomb near Bessbrook, County Armagh.
1982: Film star Sophia Loren is jailed in Naples for tax evasion.
1986: South African troops attack Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana thwarting diplomatic efforts to bring a peaceful end to apartheid.
1988: Godfather of Soul James Brown is arrested for the fifth time in 12 months, following a car chase near his home. He is charged with assault, resisting arrest and being in charge of illegal weapons and is given a six-year jail sentence.
1994: Jacqueline Kennedy Onasis dies from cancer aged 64.
1997: Labour Health Secretary, Frank Dobson, announces that sponsorship of sports events by tobacco firms is to be banned.
1999: Andrew Motion is appointed British Poet Laureate for 10 years, the first to request a set term.
2001: Manchester United win the Premier League title for the third consecutive season.
2004: Fathers 4 Justice campaigners throw condoms filled with purple flour from the public gallery at Prime Minister Tony Blair in the House of Commons. On the same day, actor Tony Randall (Leonard Rosenberg) dies aged 88.
2006: Singer Freddie Garrity dies aged 65.
2007: Chelsea beat Manchester United, 1 – 0 after extra time (Drogba) to win the FA Cup at Wembley Stadium.
2012: Chelsea win the Champions League, beating Bayern Munich, 4-3 on penalties after a 1-1 draw.
2013: A custom made 1966 Vox guitar played by John Lennon and George Harrison sold at auction for $408,000 (£269,000). On the same day, Sweden defeats Switzerland to win the World Ice Hockey Championship.
- Time – Rod Stewart
- English Rain – Gabrielle Aplin
- Modern Vampires Of The City – Vampire Weekend
- The Shocking Miss Emerald – Caro Emerald
- Home – Rudimental
- A – Agnetha Faltskog
- All The Little Lights – Passenger
- Our Version Of Events – Emeli Sande
- To Be Loved – Michael Buble
- Les Miserables – Motion Picture Cast Recording
2014: Louis van Gaal is confirmed as manager of Manchester United with Ryan Giggs as his assistant. On the same day, racing driver and team owner Jack Brabham dies aged 88.
2015: Historic first handshake between Prince Charles and Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams at the National University of Ireland in Galway. The prince’s beloved uncle Lord Mountbatten was killed by an IRA bomb in 1979.
2018: Actress Meghan Markle marries Prince Harry at Windsor Castle and the couple is given the titles, Duke and Duchess of Sussex by the Queen. On the same day, Chelsea beat Manchester United, 1-0 (Hazard pen) to win the FA Cup final at Wembley Stadium.
BIRTHDAYS: Herbie (Brian) Flowers, musician, 83; James (William) Fox, actor, 82; Pete Townshend, guitarist/songwriter (The Who), 76; Christopher Chope MP, politician, 74; Grace Jones, singer, 73; Tom Scott, saxophonist, 73; Dusty (Joseph) Hill, bassist (Z Z Top) 72; Mike Wedgwood, bassist (Curved Air/Caravan) 71; Romeo Challenger, drummer (Showaddywaddy) 71; Phil Rudd, drummer (AC/DC) 67; Martyn Ware, musician (Heaven 17) 65; Sir Oliver Letwin MP, politician, 65; Yazz (Yasmin Evans) singer, 61; Iain Harvie, guitarist, (Del Amittri) 59; Ben Volperliere-Pierrot, singer (Curiosity Killed The Cat) 58; Paul Hartnoll, musician (Orbital) 53; Andrea Pirlo, Italian footballer, 42; Diego Forlan, Uruguayan footballer, 42; Sam Smith, singer-songwriter, 29.