It happened today – this day in history – May 19

1182: The high alter of Notre Dame is consecrated.

1536: Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII is beheaded at the Tower of London on charges of adultery, incest and treason.

1568: Mary, Queen of Scots is arrested on the orders of Elizabeth I.

1571: Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founds Manilla in the Phillipines.

1635: France’s First Minister, Cardinal Richelieu declares war on Spain.

1649: England is declared a Commonwealth by an act of the Rump Parliament making England a republic for the next 11 years.

1897: Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.

1898: Death of former prime minister William Ewart Gladstone aged 88.

1902: Britain and the Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria.

1919: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk lands at Samsun on the Black Sea coast, beginning the Turkish War of Independence.

1925: Birth of Cambodian dictator Pol Pot.

1926: The French air force bombs Damascus, Syria.

1929: Chinese warlord Feng Yuxiang declares war on Chiang Kai-shek’s nationalist government.

1930: White women win voting rights in South Africa.

1935: T E Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) dies in a motorcycle accident in Dorset aged 46.

1944: The German defence line in Italy collapses.

1958: Premiere of Harold Pinter’s play “The Birthday Party” in London. On the same day, film star Ronald Coleman dies aged 67.

1960: American DJ Alan Freed was indicted along with seven others for accepting $30,650 in payola from six record companies.

1965: West Ham United win the European Cup Winner’s Cup against 1860 München of West Germany 2-0 in London.

1967: The USSR ratifies a treaty with Britain and the US banning nuclear weapons in space.

1969: Jazz saxophonist Coleman Hawkins dies aged 64.

1974: Valeri Giscard d’Estaing wins the French presidential election.

1976: Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards crashed his car near Newport Pagnell, Bucks, after falling asleep at the wheel. Marijuana and cocaine were found by the police resulting in another fine.

1979: Eric Clapton marries Patti Harrison.

1981: Five British Army soldiers are killed when their armoured vehicle is ripped apart by a Provisional IRA roadside bomb near Bessbrook, County Armagh.

1982: Film star Sophia Loren is jailed in Naples for tax evasion.

1988: Godfather of soul James Brown was arrested for the fifth time in 12 months, following a car chase near his home. He was charged with assault, resisting arrest and being in charge of illegal weapons, he was given a six year jail sentence.

1994: Jacqueline Kennedy Onasis dies from cancer aged 64.

1999: Andrew Motion is appointed British Poet Laureate for 10 years, the first to request a set term.

2001: Manchester United win the Premier League title for the third consecutive season.

2004: Actor Tony Randall (Leonard Rosenberg) dies aged 88.

2006: Singer Freddie Garrity dies aged 65.

2007: Chelsea beat Manchester United, 1 – 0 after extra time (Drogba) to win the FA Cup at Wembley Stadium.

2012: Chelsea win the Champions League, beating Bayern Munich, 4-3 on penalties after a 1-1 draw.

2013: Sweden defeats Switzerland to win the World Ice Hockey Championship.

2014: Louis van Gaal is confirmed as manager of Manchester United with Ryan Giggs as his assistant. On the same day, racing driver and team owner Jack Brabham dies aged 88.

2015: Historic first handshake between Prince Charles and Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams at the National University of Ireland in Galway. The prince’s beloved uncle Lord Mountbatten was killed by an IRA bomb in 1979.

2018: Actress Meghan Markle marries Prince Harry at Windsor Castle and the couple is given the titles, Duke and Duchess of Sussex by the Queen. On the same day, Chelsea beat Manchester United, 1-0 (Hazard pen) to win the FA Cup final at Wembley Stadium.

BIRTHDAYS: Herbie (Brian) Flowers, musician, 82; James Fox, actor, 81; Pete Townshend, guitarist/songwriter (The Who), 75; Grace Jones, singer, 72; Tom Scott, saxophonist, 72; Dusty Hill, bassist (ZZ Top), 71; Phil Rudd, drummer (AC/DC), 66; Martin Ware, musician (Heaven 17) 64; Sam Smith, singer, 28.

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Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]