334BC: The Macedonian army of Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia at the Battle of the Granicus.
1176: Assassins attempt to kill Saladin near Aleppo.
1370: Jews are expelled and massacred in Brussels.
1455: Opening battle in the Wars of the Roses. Richard of York takes St Albans, capturing Henry VI.
1570: The first atlas ‘Theatrum Orbis Terrarum’ is published in Antwerp with 70 maps.
1813: Birth of composer Richard Wagner in Leipzig.
1826: HMS Beagle departs on its first voyage to survey Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego.
1836: Felix Mendelssohn’s oratorio “St Paul” premieres in Dusseldorf.
1840: The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished.
1849: Future US President Abraham Lincoln receives a patent for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions.
1859: Birth of author Arthur Conan Doyle in Edinburgh.
1885: Author Victor Hugo dies aged 83.
1888: Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers.
1897: The Blackwall Tunnel under the River Thames is officially opened.
1902: US President Theodore Roosevelt signs a treaty with Mexico under which both countries agree to submit a long-standing dispute over interest payments to the Court of Arbitration at The Hague.
1906: The Wright Brothers are granted a patent for their “flying machine.
1907: Birth of Laurence Olivier in Dorking.
1916: French troops assault Fort Douaumont but fail to recapture it after hours of dogged fighting during the Battle of Verdun.
1933: The first modern sighting of the Loch Ness Monster by Aldie and John Mackay.
1939: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini sign the “Pact of Steel” in Berlin.
1941: British troops attack Baghdad.
1942: Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany and Japan.
1946: The first US rocket to reach the edge of space is fired from White Sands Missile Range New Mexico.
1947: The US fires its first ballistic missile.
1953: Singles chart:
- I Believe – Frankie Laine
- Pretend – Nat King Cole
- Downhearted – Eddie Fisher
- Pretty Little Black Eyed Susie – Guy Mitchell
- Tell Me A Story – Jimmy Boyd and Frankie Laine
- I’m Walking Behind You – Eddie Fisher with Sally Sweetland
- In A Golden Coach (There’s A Heart Of Gold) – Billy Cotton and his Band
- Hold Me Thrill Me Kiss Me – Muriel Smith
- Oh Happy Day – The Johnson Brothers
- How Much Is That Doggie In The Window – Lita Roza
1957: South Africa’s government approves race separation in universities.
1958: Jerry Lee Lewis arrives at Heathrow Airport to begin his first British tour, along with his new bride, 14-year old third cousin, Myra. Although advised not to mention it, Lewis answered all questions about his private life. The public’s shock over Lewis’ marriage marks the start of a controversy leading to his tour being cancelled after just 3 of the scheduled 37 shows.
1960: A magnitude 9.4-9.6 earthquake strikes near the city of Valdivia in Chile, the strongest ever recorded, causing multiple tsunamis and killing up to 7,000 people.
1963: AC Milan becomes the first Italian side to win the European Cup, beating Benfica 2-1 at Wembley Stadium.
1966: Dick van Dyke and Mary Tyler Moore win at the Emmy Awards.
- Aftermath – The Rolling Stones
- The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack
- Rubber Soul – The Beatles
- Small Faces – The Small Faces
- Mantovani Magic – Mantovani
- Cilla Sings A Rainbow – Cilla Black
- Most Of The Animals – The Animals
- Daydream – The Lovin’ Spoonful
- Kinda Latin – Cliff Richard
- Take it Easy – The Walker Brothers
1967: Egyptian president Nasser closes the Straits of Tiran to Israel.
1969: Apollo 10 astronauts Gene Cernan and Thomas Stafford fly the lunar module to within eight miles of the Moon’s surface in rehearsal for a July Moon landing.
1970: The Cricket Council reverses a decision to allow South African cricketers to tour England.
1971: A British soldier is killed by the IRA in Belfast.
On TV today (Saturday)
|11.00||R.A.C. Road Report|
|11.05||Women are People|
|12.35||World of Sport|
|17.40||The Forest Rangers|
|18.15||Whittaker’s World of Music|
|19.00||Please Sir! |
Comedy series starring John Alderton as a teacher in charge of an unruly school class of middle aged actors
|19.30||The Val Doonican Show|
|21.30||Kindly Leave the Kerb|
|10.00||Si Dice Cosi|
Including football: England v Scotland in the Home International Championship at Wembley Stadium.
|17.45||The Pink Panther|
|18.15||Doctor Who |
The Daemons episode 1 starring Jon Pertwee.
|18.40||Tom and Jerry|
|18.50||The Saturday Western: Horizons West (1952) |
Starring Robert Ryan, Julia Adams and Rock Hudson.
|20.10||The Two Ronnies |
With guest, singer Tina Charles.
|20.55||A Man Called Ironside |
American crime series starring Raymond Burr.
|22.00||International Match of the Day |
Highlights from the final day of the Home Internationals: England v Scotland and Wales v Northern Ireland.
|23.15||Braden’s Week |
Bernard Braden takes a sideways look at the week with Esther Rantzen.
|15.00||Saturday Cinema: The Battle at Apache Pass (1952) |
Jeff Chandler as Apache chief Cochise. Different times. Different times.
|19.30||The News and Sport and Weather|
|19.40||Art at Any Price?|
|20.55||The Philpott File: The Entertainers|
|21.45||Meanwhile on BBC2 |
Starring Kenneth Williams with guest Dana.
|22.30||Late Night Line-Up One Man’s Week|
|23.15||News on 2 and Weather|
|23.20||International Lawn Tennis|
|23.50||Midnight Movie: The Long Memory (1953) |
After 12 years of wrongful imprisonment, an embittered man hides himself away on a deserted barge and plots revenge. Stars John Mills.
1972: US President Richard Nixon is given a modest welcome as he arrives in Moscow for talks with Soviet leaders. On the same day, Ceylon becomes Republic of Sri Lanka as its constitution is ratified. Also, more than 400 women in Derry attack the offices of Sinn Féin in Derry, North Ireland, following the shooting of William Best by the IRA and Poet Laureate Cecil Day-Lewis dies aged 68.
1973: President Richard Nixon confesses his role in the Watergate cover-up.
1977: The final European scheduled run of the Orient Express after 94 years.
1981: Peter Sutcliffe, the Yorkshire Ripper, is sentenced to life imprisonment for 13 murders and seven attempted murders.
1985: US sailor Michael L Walker is arrested for spying for the USSR.
1989: Rappers Public Enemy fire Professor Griff after he makes anti-Semitic remarks in the Washington Post.
1990: Microsoft releases Windows 3.0. On the same day, North and South Yemen merge to form the Republic of Yemen.
1991: Wil Sinnott from The Shamen drowns while swimming off the coast of La Gomera in Tenerife where the band were filming a video.
1993: Riddick Bowe TKOs Jesse Ferguson in Round 2 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1998: A federal judge rules that Secret Service agents can be compelled to testify before a grand jury concerning the scandal, involving President Bill Clinton and Monica Lewinsky.
2000: Robbie Williams sets up a children’s charity with the cash he earned from a deal with Pepsi.
2002: Adam Ant (Stuart Goddard) appears at The Old Bailey charged with possession of an imitation firearm after an altercation with a bouncer outside a pub in January. On the same day, a jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicts former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church.
2004: Manmohan Singh becomes Prime Minister of India. On the same day, the town of Hallam, Nebraska, is wiped out by a powerful F4 tornado that broke a width record at an astounding 2.5 miles wide. “Fahrenheit 9/11”, directed by Michael Moore becomes the first documentary to win the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival and Manchester United beat Millwall, 3-0 to win the FA Cup at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff.
2009: White Stripes drummer Meg White marries Jackson Smith at ex-husband and bandmate Jack White’s Nashville home.
2010: The remains of astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus are reburied in Frombork Cathedral, Poland, after a 200-year search for his tomb.
2011: Sherlock wins best drama at the BAFTA Television Awards.
2013: British Army Fusilier Lee Rigby is murdered in the street near the Royal Artillery Barracks in London by two Islamic terrorists.
2014: Royal Thai Armed Forces, led by General Prayut Chan-o-cha stage a coup in Thailand, suspending the kingdom’s constitution and taking control of the government, the 12th since the country’s first coup in 1932.
2016: A Gibson Dove guitar that Elvis Presley was given by his father sold for $334,000 at an auction in New York. On the same day, “I, Daniel Blake,” directed by Ken Loach wins the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival.
2017: A suicide bombing at Manchester Arena after an Ariana Grande concert kills 22 and injures 59.
2018: An Australian court finds the Archbishop of Adelaide, Philip Wilson, guilty of covering up sexual abuse in 1970s, the most senior Catholic priest to be convicted.
BIRTHDAYS: Richard Benjamin, actor/director, 83; (Walter) Menzies Campbell, Baron Campbell of Pittenweem, 80; Bernie Taupin, lyricist, 71; Paul Mariner, footballer/coach, 68; Jerry Dammers, keyboards/songwriter (The Specials) 67; Mary Black, singer-songwriter, 66; Denise Welch, actress/TV presenter, 63; Graham Fellows, comedian, 62; Morrissey (Steven), singer-songwriter, 62; David Schneider, actor/writer, 58; Graham Lineham, comedy writer, 53; Naomi Campbell, model, 51; Katie Price, former glamour model, 43; Ginnifer (Jennifer) Goodwin (Dallas), actress, 42; Maggie Q (Margaret Quigley), actress, 42; Novak Djokovic, tennis champion, 34.