It happened today – this day in history – May 25

1521: The Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther and his followers.

1659: Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England, earning the nickname “Tumbledown Dick” as a result of his abrupt fall from power.

1660: Charles II returns to England, landing in Dover.

1661: Charles II marries Portuguese princess Catherina of Braganca.

1878: Gilbert & Sullivan’s comic opera “H.M.S. Pinafore” premieres in London.

1879: Birth of newspaper publisher Lord Beaverbrook (William Maxwell Aitken) in Canada.

1887: A gas lamp catches fire at the Paris Opera. 200 die.

1895: Oscar Wilde is sentenced to two years imprisonment for gross indecency. On the same day, the Republic of Formosa is formed with Tang Ching-sung as president.

1914: The House of Commons passes the Irish Home Rule Bill.

1915: The second Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties.

1927: Henry Ford announces that he is ending production of the Model T Ford.

1932: First appearance of Goofy (Dippy Dawg) in a Disney cartoon.

1934: Death of composer Gustav Holst aged 59.

1935: Athlete Jesse Owens equals or breaks four world records in 45 minutes in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

1938: The bombing of Alicante in the Spanish Civil War.

1940: German troops conquer Boulogne.

1945: Arthur C Clarke proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit.

1946: Jordan gains independence from Britain.

1947: The England football team beats Portugal 10-0 in Lisbon with Stan Mortensen scoring four on his debut. Tommy Lawton also scores four, the first after just 17 seconds.

1948: Polish resistance fighter Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw.

1949: The Chinese Red army occupies Shanghai.

1961: With the Soviets leading the space race, President John F Kennedy announces that the US will aim to put the first man on the Moon by the end of the decade.

1963: Manchester United win the FA Cup, beating Leicester City 3-1 at Wembley Stadium in front of a 99,604 crowd. On the same day, the leaders of 32 African nations set up the Organisation of African Unity as a united voice against white rule.

1965: Blues artist Sonny Boy Williamson dies in his sleep aged 52. On the same day, Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) knocks out Sonny Liston in Round 1 of the world heavyweight title rematch.

1966: Peru and Argentina soccer fans fight in Lima. 248 die.


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1967: Celtic beat Inter Milan 2-1 in Lisbon to become the first British club to win the European Cup.

1969: The government of Sudan is overthrown in a military coup.

1971: The Provisional IRA throw a time bomb into Springfield Road British Army base in Belfast, killing Sergeant Michael Willetts and wounding seven officers.

1973: The US launches the first Skylab crew – Pete Conrad, Joseph Kerwin and Paul Weitz.

1977: Release of the first Star Wars film – Episode IV: A New Hope. On the same day, Liverpool beats Borussia Monchengladbach 3-1 in Rome to win the European Cup.

1982: Argentine missiles destroy HMS Coventry and container ship Atlantic Conveyor in the South Atlantic during the Falkands conflict with the total loss of 33 lives.

1986: Singles chart:

  1. The Chicken Song – Spitting Image
  2. On My Oen – Patti Labelle and Michael McDonald
  3. Spirit In The Sky – Doctor and the Medics
  4. Sledgehammer – Peter Gabriel
  5. Lessons In Love – Level 42
  6. Holding Back The Years – Simply Red
  7. Snooker Loopy – The Matchroom Mob with Chas & Dave
  8. Why Can’t This Be Love – Van Halen
  9. Set Me Free – Jaki Graham
  10. Addicted To Love – Robert Palmer
1986: Peter Gabriel – So

Album chart:

  1. So – Peter Gabriel
  2. Street Life: 20 Great Hits – Bryan Ferry & Roxy Music
  3. Love Zone – Billy Ocean
  4. Standing On A Beach: The Singles – The Cure
  5. Picture Book – Simply Red
  6. Brothers In Arms – Dire Straits
  7. Whitney Houston – Whitney Houston
  8. Bangs And Crashes – Go West
  9. World Machine – Level 42
  10. The Collection – Earth Wind and Fire

1989: Mikhail Gorbachev is elected Executive President of the Soviet Union.

1992: Khalil Roundtree, tour manager of Boyz II Men, is fatally shot after a scuffle in the elevator of a hotel in Chicago.

1994: The Camelot consortium wins the contract to run Britain’s first national lottery starting in November.

1995: The earliest known recording of Mick Jagger and Keith Richards from 1961, was sold at Christies in London for £50,250.

2000: “Dancer in the Dark” directed by Lars von Trier and starring Bjork wins the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival.

2001: Oasis guitarist Noel Gallagher wins damages from The Daily Mirror after they claimed he lied in court during divorce proceedings with ex wife Meg Matthews. On the same day, Erik Weihenmayer, 32, becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

2005: Liverpool win the European Cup on penalties at the Atatürk Stadium in Istanbul after being 3-0 down to A C Milan at half time.

2006: Jamaican reggae singer-songwriter Desmond Dekker (Dacres) dies of a heart attack at his home in London.

2007: Sixties pop star Wayne Fontana is remanded in custody after admitting pouring petrol over a bailiff’s car and setting fire to it. The judge criticised the former lead singer of the Mindbenders, for arriving at Derby Crown court dressed as the Lady of Justice.

2012: Up to 116 people are massacred, including women and children, by the Syrian army in Houla, in the Homs province. On the same day, Elon Musk’s Space X Dragon becomes the first commercial craft to dock at the International Space Station.

2013: Yuichiro Miura of Japan becomes the oldest person to climb Mount Everest at 80.

2018: Film producer Harvey Weinstein turns himself in to New York police to face charges of rape, a criminal sex act, sex abuse and sexual misconduct.

2019: Bong Joon-ho’s “Parasite” wins the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival.

2020: African-American man George Floyd dies while being arrested when police officer Derek Chauvin kneels on his neck for more than nine minutes.

BIRTHDAYS: Sir Ian McKellen, actor, 82; Frank Oz (Oznowicz), director/voice of Miss Piggy and Fozzy Bear, 77; Charlie Harper (David Charles Perez) singer (UK Subs) 77; Klaus Meine, vocalist (The Scorpions) 73; Robbie Steinhardt, violinist/singer (Kansas) 71; Alastair Campbell, broadcaster, 64; Paul Weller, singer-songwriter/guitarist, 63; Rick Smith, keyboards (Underworld) 62; Julian Clary, comedian, 62; Anthea Turner, TV presenter, 61; Mike Myers, actor/screenwriter, 58; Simon Fowler, singer-songwriter (Ocean Colour Scene) 56; Anne Heche, actress, 52; Octavia Spencer, actress, 49; Lauryn Hill, singer-songwriter/actress (The Fugees) 46; Cillian Murphy, actor, 45; Jonny Wilkinson, rugby legend, 42; Jamie Porter, cricketer, 28.

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