It happened today – this day in history – May 25

1521: The Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther and his followers.

1659: Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England, earning the nickname “Tumbledown Dick” as a result of his abrupt fall from power.

1660: Charles II returns to England, landing in Dover.

1661: Charles II marries Portuguese princess Catherina of Braganca.

1878: Gilbert & Sullivan’s comic opera “H.M.S. Pinafore” premieres in London.

1879: Birth of newspaper publisher Lord Beaverbrook (William Maxwell Aitken) in Canada.

1887: A gas lamp catches fire at the Paris Opera. 200 die.

1895: Oscar Wilde is sentenced to two years imprisonment for gross indecency. On the same day, the Republic of Formosa is formed with Tang Ching-sung as president.

1914: The House of Commons passes the Irish Home Rule Bill.

1915: The second Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties.

1927: Henry Ford announces that he is ending production of the Model T Ford.

1932: First appearance of Goofy (Dippy Dawg) in a Disney cartoon.

1934: Death of composer Gustav Holst aged 59.

1935: Athlete Jesse Owens equals or breaks four world records in 45 minutes in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

1938: The bombing of Alicante in the Spanish Civil War.

1940: German troops conquer Boulogne.

1945: Arthur C Clarke proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit.

1946: Jordan gains independence from Britain.

1947: The England football team beats Portugal 10-0 in Lisbon with Stan Mortensen scoring four on his debut. Tommy Lawton also scores four, the first after just 17 seconds.

1948: Polish resistance fighter Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw.

1949: The Chinese Red army occupies Shanghai.

1956: Singles chart:

  1. No Other Love – Ronnie Hilton
  2. A Tear Fell – Teresa Brewer
  3. The Poor People Of Paris – Winifred Atwell
  4. I’ll Be Home – Pat Boone
  5. My September Love – David Whitfield
  6. Rock And Roll Waltz – Kay Starr
  7. Lost John – Lonnie Donegan
  8. Heartbreak Hotel – Elvis Presley
  9. The Happy Whistler – Don Robertson
  10. Main Title Theme From The Man With The Golden Arm – Billy May

1961: With the Soviets leading the space race, President John F Kennedy announces that the US will aim to put the first man on the Moon by the end of the decade.

1963: Manchester United win the FA Cup, beating Leicester City 3-1 at Wembley Stadium in front of a 99,604 crowd. On the same day, the leaders of 32 African nations set up the Organisation of African Unity as a united voice against white rule.

1965: Blues artist Sonny Boy Williamson dies in his sleep aged 52. On the same day, Cassius Clay knocks out Sonny Liston in Round 1 of the world heavyweight title rematch with what became known as the “phantom punch”. A botched count by the referee and Clay’s angry admonishment that the prone Liston “get up and fight” adds to suspicions that Sonny had taken a dive.

1966: Peru and Argentina soccer fans fight in Lima. 248 die.


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1967: Celtic beat Inter Milan 2-1 in Lisbon to become the first British club to win the European Cup.

On TV (Thursday)


REDIFFUSION

10.40For Schools

16.23Crossroads

16.45Children’s Television; Playtime

17.00Junior Criss Cross Quiz

17.25How

17.55News and Weather

18.08Three After Six

18.30Reporting ‘67

19.00Popeye

19.20Film: Flight to Tangier (1953)
Cold war thriller starring Jack Palace and Joan Fontaine


20.55News from ITN

21.10This Week

21.40The Division

23.10News Headlines

23.15What The Papers Say

23.20Dateline

23.35Doubt and Faith


BBC ONE

09.35For Schools and Colleges

10.45Watch with Mother
The Woodentops


11.05For Schools and Colleges

13.05Heddiw
Welsh topical magazine


13.25News and Weather

14.05For Schools and Colleges

16.40Jackanory

16.55Blue Peter
with Christopher Trace Valerie Singleton and John Noakes


17.20European Cup Final
Kenneth Wolstenholme reports on Celtic v Inter Milan from Portugal


18.15News

18.20Town and Around

18.30European Cup Final Second Half

19.20The Newcomers

19.40Top of the Pops
Alan Freeman introduces the week’s hits from Procol Harum, Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich, The Tremeloes and The Supremes.


20.00The Girl from U.N.C.L.E
The Catacomb and Dogma Affair starring Stefanie Powers.


20.50News and Weather

21.05The Frost Report
Satire from David Frost with Ronnie Barker, John Cleese, Ronnie Corbett, Sheila Steafel and Julie Felix.


21.30Russia: Beneath the Sputniks

22.20Twenty-four Hours

22.55Weather

22.57Made in Britain

23.05i Vamos A Ver!


BBC TWO

11.00Play School

19.25Outlook

19.40Parliamo Italiano

20.00News Summary

20.05Something Special

20.35The Money Programme

21.05The Virginian

22.20The Soloist Speaks

23.00News and Weather

23.20Late Night Line-Up

1969: The government of Sudan is overthrown in a military coup.

1971: The Provisional IRA throw a bomb into Springfield Road British Army base in Belfast, killing Sgt Michael Willetts and wounding seven officers.

1973: NASA launches the first Skylab crew – Pete Conrad, Joseph Kerwin and Paul Weitz.

1977: Release of the first Star Wars film – Episode IV: A New Hope. On the same day, Liverpool beat Borussia Monchengladbach 3-1 in Rome to win the European Cup.

1982: Argentine missiles destroy HMS Coventry and container ship Atlantic Conveyor in the South Atlantic during the Falkands conflict with the total loss of 33 lives.

1989: Mikhail Gorbachev is elected Executive President of the Soviet Union.

1992: Khalil Roundtree, tour manager of Boyz II Men, is fatally shot after a scuffle in the elevator of a hotel in Chicago.

1994: The Camelot consortium wins the contract to run Britain’s first national lottery starting in November.

1995: The earliest known recording of Mick Jagger and Keith Richards from 1961, is sold at Christies in London for £50,250.

2000: “Dancer in the Dark” directed by Lars von Trier and starring Bjork wins the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival.

2001: Oasis guitarist Noel Gallagher wins damages from The Daily Mirror after they claimed he lied in court during divorce proceedings with ex wife Meg Matthews. On the same day, Erik Weihenmayer, 32, becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

2005: Liverpool win the European Cup on penalties at the Atatürk Stadium in Istanbul after being 3-0 down to A C Milan at half time.

2006: Jamaican reggae singer-songwriter Desmond Dekker (Dacres) dies of a heart attack at his home in London.

2007: Sixties pop star Wayne Fontana is remanded in custody after admitting pouring petrol over a bailiff’s car and setting fire to it. The judge criticised the singer for arriving at Derby Crown court dressed as the Lady of Justice.

2012: Up to 116 people are massacred, including women and children, by the Syrian army in Houla, in the Homs province. On the same day, Elon Musk’s Space X Dragon becomes the first commercial craft to dock at the International Space Station.

2013: Yuichiro Miura of Japan becomes the oldest person to climb Mount Everest at 80.

2018: Film producer Harvey Weinstein turns himself in to New York police to face charges of rape, a criminal sex act, sex abuse and sexual misconduct.

2018: Anne-Marie – Speak Your Mind

Album chart:

  1. The Greatest Showman – Motion Picture Cast Recording
  2. Electric Light – James Bay
  3. Beerbongs & Bentleys – Post Malone
  4. Tranquility Base Hotel & Casino – Arctic Monkeys
  5. Staying At Tamara’s – George Ezra
  6. Divide – Ed Sheeran
  7. And Justice For None – Five Finger Death Punch
  8. Love Yourself: Tear – BTS
  9. Tell Me How You Really Feel – Courtney Barnett
  10. Speak Your Mind – Anne-Marie

2019: Bong Joon-ho’s “Parasite” wins the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival.

2020: African-American man George Floyd dies while being arrested when police officer Derek Chauvin kneels on his neck for more than nine minutes.

2022: Russian forces pound the Ukrainian cities of Sievierodonetsk and Lysychansk in an attempt to take the eastern province of Luhansk.

2023: Militia founder Stewart Rhodes is sentenced to 18 years in prison for sedition after organising the January 6 attack on the US Capitol.

Octavia Spencer (Photo: NASA)

BIRTHDAYS: Sir Ian McKellen, actor, 85; Frank Oz (Oznowicz), director/voice of Miss Piggy and Fozzy Bear, 80; Klaus Meine, vocalist (The Scorpions) 76; Daniel Passarella, Argentine footballer, 71; Alastair Campbell, broadcaster, 67; Paul Weller, singer-songwriter/guitarist, 66; Rick Smith, keyboards (Underworld) 65; Julian Clary, comedian, 65; Anthea Turner, TV presenter, 64; Mike Myers, actor/screenwriter, 61; Simon Fowler, singer-songwriter (Ocean Colour Scene) 59; Octavia Spencer, actress, 52; Dougie Freedman, footballer, 50; Cillian Murphy, actor, 48; Jonny Wilkinson, rugby legend, 45; Jamie Porter, cricketer, 31.