1538: Geneva expels protestant reformer John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years.
1647: Alse Young becomes the first person executed as a witch in the American colonies, when she is hanged in Hartford, Connecticut.
1703: Death of Samuel Pepys aged 70.
1798: The British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara.
1805: Lewis and Clark first sight the Rocky Mountains. On the same day, Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned king of Italy.
1860: Guiseppe Garibaldi occupies Palermo, Italy.
1896: Nicholas II, the last Tsar of Russia, is crowned.
1900: British troops attack the Vaal in South Africa.
1906: Vauxhall Bridge is opened across the River Thames.
1913: Emily Duncan becomes Britain’s first female magistrate.
1915: Prime Minister Herbert Asquith forms a coalition government.
1922: Lenin suffers a stroke.
1923: The first Le Mans Grand Prix d’Endurance is run.
1924: US President Calvin Coolidge signs Immigration law restricting immigration.
1933: Country singer Jimmie Rodgers dies of a pulmonary haemorrhage at 35.
1940: The first successful helicopter flight in the US.
1943: Winston Churchill flies from the US to North Africa.
1946: Patents are filed in the US for the H-bomb.
1948: South Africa elects a nationalist government under D. F. Malan with an apartheid policy.
1955: The Conservatives led by Anthony Eden win the general election.
1966: The Beatles begin recording Yellow Submarine at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, London. On the same day, a Buddhist sets himself on fire at US consulate in Hué, South Vietnam and Guyana declares independence from the UK.
1967: EMI releases The Beatles album “Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band” five days early in the UK.
1968: Blues artist Little Willie John died in prison after being convicted of manslaughter.
1969: John Lennon and Yoko Ono begin an eight-day ‘bed in’, in room 1742 of The Hotel La Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, to promote world peace. On the same day, the Apollo 10 astronauts return to Earth.
1972: US President Richard Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT accord. On the same day, the IRA plant a bomb in Oxford Street, Belfast, killing a 64 year old woman.
1981: Italian Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani and his coalition cabinet resign following a scandal over membership of the pseudo-masonic lodge P2 (Propaganda Due).
1982: Aston Villa beat Bayern Munich 1-0 to win the European Cup in Rotterdam.
1989: Football manager Don Revie dies aged 61.
1994: Michael Jackson married Lisa Marie Presley in the Dominican Republic.
1999: Manchester United beats Bayern Munich 2-1 to win the Champions League in Barcelona with two late goals from substitute Ole Gunar Solksjaer.
2000: Motley Crue drummer Tommy Lee was jailed for five days for violating his parole by drinking alcohol. On the same day, sci-fi author and inventor of the communications satellite, Arthur C Clarke is knighted “for services to literature” at a ceremony in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
2002: “The Pianist”, directed by Roman Polanski, wins the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival.
2004: US Army veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing.
2006: An earthquake on Java kills over 5,700 people and leaves 200,000 homeless.
2012: Pope Benedict XVI’s butler is arrested for allegedly leaking confidential documents.
2018: Real Madrid beat Liverpool, 3-1 to win the Champions League for third time in a row.
BIRTHDAYS: Verden Allen, keyboardist (Mott The Hoople) 75; Stevie Nicks, singer/songwriter (Fleetwood Mac) 72; Jeremy Corbyn, politician, 71; Michael Portillo, broadcaster/former politician 67; Wayne Hussey, musician (The Mission) 61; Bobcat Goldthwait, comedian/director, 58; Lenny Kravitz, singer/songwriter, 56; Helena Bonham Carter, actress, 54; Zola Budd, former athlete, 54; Alan White, drummer (Oasis), 48; Patsy Palmer, actress, 48.