It happened today – this day in history – May 27

1199: John is crowned King of England after the death of his brother Richard I

1564: Death of Protestant religious reformer John Calvin aged 54.

1679: The Habeas Corpus Act (strengthening a person’s right to challenge unlawful arrest and imprisonment) passes in England.

1703: Russian Tsar Peter The Great founds St Petersburg (Leningrad).

1738: Turkish troops occupy Orsova and Ochakov in eastern Europe

1837: Birth of Wild Bill Hickok (James Butler) in Illinois.

1840: Death of composer and violin virtuoso Niccolo Paganini aged 57.

1883: Tsar Alexander III is crowned in Moscow.

1905: The Japanese fleet destroys the Russian East Sea fleet in the Battle of Tsushima.

1907: Bubonic plague breaks out in San Francisco.

1921: Afghanistan achieves sovereignty after 84 years of British control.

1930: Richard Drew invents masking tape. On the same day, the Chrysler Building in New York, the tallest man-made structure at the time, opens to the public.

1936: The Queen Mary leaves Southampton for NY on maiden voyage.

1937: The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco opens to pedestrians.

1940: British and Allied forces begin the evacuation of Dunkirk during the Second World War. On the same day, 97 soldiers from a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are shot after surrendering to German troops.

1941: The German battleship Bismarck is sunk by a British naval force.

1942: Hitler orders the deaths of 10,000 Czechs after Reinhard Heydrich is shot and mortally wounded by rebels in Prague.

1944: Jean-Paul Sartre’s’ “Huis Clos” premieres in Paris.

1951: Dundee’s Billie Steel becomes the first player to be sent off while playing for Scotland for retaliation in the 82nd minute of a bad-tempered 4-0 defeat against Austria in Vienna.

1960: A military coup overthrows the government of Turkey.

1963: Jomo Kenyatta’s Kenya African Nation Union, wins the country’s first general election.

1964: Jawaharlal Nehru, prime minister and the founder of modern India, dies suddenly at the age of 74.

1965: Singles chart:

  1. Long Live Love – Sandie Shaw
  2. Where Are You Now (My Love) – Jackie Trent
  3. True Love Ways – Peter and Gordon
  4. A World Of Our Own – The Seekers
  5. King Of The Road – Roger Miller
  6. This Little Bird – Marianne Faithfull
  7. Ticket To Ride – The Beatles
  8. Poor Man’s Son – The Rockin’ Berries
  9. Subterranean Homesick Blues – Bob Dylan
  10. The Clapping Song – Shirley Ellis

1967: Australians vote in favour of a constitutional referendum granting the Australian government the power to make laws to benefit indigenous Australians and count them in the national census.

1969: The construction of Walt Disney World begins in Florida.


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On TV (Tuesday)


THAMES

11.00Cricket (and at 14:05, 14:35,15:05 and 15:45)

13.35News

13.40Racing from Sandown (and at 14:20, 14:50 and 15:20)

16.15News Headlines

16.2Paulus

16.30Crossroads

16.55Junior Showtime

17.20Magpie
“L” for Lunar Landing Vehicle.


17.50News

18.04Today
News and views presented by Eamonn Andrews.


18.30The Legend of Jesse James
The James Gang is thwarted temporarily from carrying out a payroll robbery by a soft-spoken, one armed defenceless sheriff.


19.00Film: The Canadians (1961)
Western adventure starring Robert Ryan


20.30Father, Dear Father
Comedy series starring Patrick Cargill.


21.00Fraud Squad

22.00News at Ten

22.30It Never Seemed to Rain…
A party of old people who spent their summer holidays in Scarborough over 50 years ago, pay a return visit to the resort.


23.15Raj
What was life like for the British who found themselves in India at the height of the Raj?


23.45Filling Some Gaps

23.55Closedown


BBC ONE

13.00Lloffa
Programme in Welsh


13.30Watch with Mother
The Flowerpot Men


13.45News and Weather

16.20Play School

16.40Jackanory

16.55Shazzan!

17.15Tom Tom

17.44The Magic Roundabout

17.50News and Weather

18.00Bewitched
Comedy series starring Elizabeth Montgomery


18.25Talkback
Presented by Cliff Michelmore.


19.05Z Cars

19.29News Headlines

19.30Film: Laxdale Hall (1953)
British Film Comedy. The five car owners of a remote Hebridean village refuse to pay their road fund licences until they get a new road, but when Whitehall intervenes things take a hilarious turn for the worse.


20.45Points of View

20.50News and Weather

21.05Towards Tomorrow
Documentary. The future is being created now – for better or for worse The people of the twenty-first century are being fashioned now in our primary schools. Is progressive teaching a menace-or can it produce men and women better able to control and live within their society?


21.55The Prior Commitment
Thriller serial


22.20Twenty-four Hours
What matters in the news and out of it.


22.50The Rt. Hon. Roy Jenkins
In conversation with Melvyn Bragg


23.20Late Night News and Weather

23.27Medicine Today


BBC TWO

11.00Play School

19.00Frontiers of Science
The interaction between man and computer. 2: Mechanisms of Recognition
The problems of designing machines that can read handwriting and even learn to recognise faces.


19.30Newsroom

20.00Andy Williams
In concert from the Royal Albert Hall with special guest star Henry Mancini.




21.05Around the World

22.25Europa

23.00News Summary and Weather

23.05Late Night Line-Up

1970: A British expedition climbs the south face of Annapurna I in the Himalayas.

1971: “The Go-Between” directed by Joseph Losey wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film at the Cannes Film Festival.

1975: A bus full of elderly women plunges into Dibble’s Bridge Yorkshire, killing 38. On the same day, former heavyweight boxing champion Ezzard Charles dies of ALS aged 53.

1981: Liverpool beats Real Madrid 1-0 to win the European cup in Paris.

1985: Britain agrees to return Hong Kong to China in 1997.

1988: The US Senate ratifies a treaty eliminating medium-range nuclear missiles.

1990: The Stone Roses play at Spike Island, Widnes, to a capacity crowd of 30,000.

1993: The Mafia bombs the Uffizi Museum in Florence, killing six.

1994: Dissident writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn flies back to his native Russia after 20 years in exile.

1995: Actor Christopher Reeve is paralysed from the neck down after falling from his horse in a riding competition in Virginia.

1997: Liam Gallagher is left with cuts and bruises after a scuffle with a youth at the Tower Thistle Hotel in east London. On the same day, 20 British women become the first all female team to reach the North Pole.

1999: The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia indicts Slobodan Milosevic and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo.

2000: Paula Yates is awarded £400,000 in an out-of-court settlement from the late Michael Hutchence’s estate.

2003: Angelina Jolie divorces Billy Bob Thornton.

2006: An earthquake strikes Java, killing 6,500 people.

2008: Sir Paul McCartney is awarded an honorary Doctor of Music degree from Yale University.

2009: Barcelona beat Manchester United, 2-0 to win the Champions League in Rome.

2011: Death of writer/singer/poet Gill Scott-Heron aged 62.

2012: A NATO air strike kills a family of eight, including six children, in Afghanistan.

2012: Adele – 21

Album chart:

  1. Our Version Of Events – Emeli Sande
  2. Driving Towards The Daylight – Joe Bonamassa
  3. 21 – Adele
  4. Born And Raised – John Mayer
  5. Number Ones – The Bee Gees
  6. Strangeland – Keane
  7. Some Nights – Fun
  8. Spirit In The Room – Tom Jones
  9. Streets In The Sky – The Enemy
  10. Every Kingdom – Ben Howard

2017: Arsenal beat Chelsea 2-1 to win the FA Cup, making Arsène Wenger the most successful manager in the tournament’s history. On the same day, Gregg Allman of the Allman Brothers Band dies aged 69 in Savannah, Georgia.

2019: European Parliament elections result in centralist parties losing their majority with liberals, the Greens and nationalists picking up more votes.

2021: Argentinian TV Chanel 26 mistakenly reports the death of English playwright William Shakespeare after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine.

Jamie Oliver

BIRTHDAYS: Henry Kissinger, former US Secretary of State, 100; Ramsey Lewis, pianist/composer, 88; Louis Gossett Jr, actor, 87; Richard Schiff, actor, 68; Siouxsie Sioux (Susan Ballion), singer-songwriter, (Siouxsie and the Banshees), 66; Duncan Goodhew, swimmer, 66; Neil Finn, guitarist/singer-songwriter (Crowded House/Split Enz) 65; Pat Cash, tennis champion, 58; Edwin Poots, Northern Irish politician, 58; Sean Kinney, drummer (Alice In Chains) 57; Heston Blumenthal, chef, 57; Paul Gascoigne, footballer, 56; Eddie McClintock, actor, 56; Joseph Fiennes, actor, 53; Tim Farron, politician, 53; Lee Sharpe, footballer, 52; Paul Bettany, actor, 52; Denise van Outen, TV personality, 49; Dr Dre (Andre Benjamin) rapper, 48; Jamie Oliver, chef/broadcaster, 48; Andre 3000 (Benjamin), singer-songwriter, 48; Jeff Brazier, TV presenter, 44; Rachel Parris, comedian, 39.