1621: Lord Chancellor Francis Bacon is accused of bribery.
1758: Death of Pope Benedict XIV aged 83.
1802: Washington D.C. is incorporated as a city.
1851: A major fire in San Francisco destroys 1500-2000 buildings.
1863: The Second Battle of Fredericksburg occurs in Virginia during the American Civil War
1903: Bing (Harry Lillis) Crosby is born in Tacoma, Washington.
1915: John McCrae writes the poem “In Flanders Fields”.
1916: Irish Nationalists Patrick Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh and Thomas Clarke are executed by firing squad following their involvement in the Easter Rising.
1919: Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah declares war against Britain.
1926: The Trade Union Congress calls for Britain’s first ever general strike.
1937: Margaret Mitchell wins the Pulitzer Prize for “Gone With the Wind”.
1942: The Luftwaffe bombs Exeter, destroying the town centre.
1947: Japan’s post-war constitution goes into effect, granting universal suffrage, stripping Emperor Hirohito of all but symbolic power and outlawing Japan’s right to make war.
1951: The Festival of Britain begins and the Royal Festival Hall opens in London.
1965: Cambodia drops diplomatic relations with the US.
1969: Jimi Hendrix was arrested on his way to Toronto for possession of hashish and heroin.
1972: Les Harvey, guitarist with Stone The Crows died after being electrocuted on stage during a gig at Swansea University.
1997: Katrina And The Waves won the Eurovision Song Contest in Dublin with the song ‘Love Shine A Light’.
1999: Stephen Hendry defeats Mark Williams 18-11 to win the World Snooker Championship for a record seventh time.
2001: The US loses its seat on the U.N. Human Rights Commission for the first time since the commission was formed in 1947.
2002: Death of former Labour minister Baroness Castle of Blackburn aged 91.
2007: Four year-old Madeleine McCann disappears from her bed in a holiday apartment in Praia da Luz, Portugal.
2015: Chelsea win the Premier League.
2018: The Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences members vote to expel Bill Cosby and Roman Polanski. On the same day, Kilauea volcano on Big Island, Hawaii, begins erupting forcing the evacuation of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and residential areas.
BIRTHDAYS: Frankie Valli (Francesco Stephen Castelluccio) singer, 86; Mary Hopkin, singer, 70; Christopher Cross (Geppert), singer/songwriter, 69; Allan Wells, athlete, 68; Sandi Toksvig, broadcaster/comedian, 62; Ben Elton, writer/comedian, 61; David Ball, musician (Soft Cell) 61; Steve McClaren, football manager, 59; Rob Brydon, actor, 55; Christina Hendricks, actress, 45; Paul Banks, singer (Interpol), 42; Poppy Delevingne, model/actress, 34; Michael Kiwanuka, singer/songwriter, 33.