1381: Peasant uprising begins in Essex.
1431: Joan of Arc, aged 19, is burned at the stake in Rouen.
1445: Coronation of Margaret of Anjou as Queen Consort to Henry VI at Westminster Abbey.
1498: Christopher Columbus departs with six ships for his third trip to America.
1510: Portuguese forces abandon Goa after its former ruler Yusuf Adil Shah, the Muslim King of Bijapur reconquers the city.
1536: Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour.
1539: Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto lands in Florida.
1593: Dramatist and poet Christopher Marlowe is stabbed to death in a pub brawl in Deptford.
1626: An explosion at the Wanggongchang Gunpowder Factory in Beijing destroys part of the city and kills 20,000 people.
1640: Flemish Baroque painter Peter Paul Rubens dies aged 62.
1642: All honours bestowed by Charles I are retrospectively annulled by Parliament.
1744: Poet Alexander Pope dies aged 56.
1778: Writer, philosopher and playwright Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet) dies aged 83.
1806: Future US President Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson accused Jackson’s wife of bigamy.
1808: Napoleon Bonaparte annexes Tuscany.
1842: John Francis attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria.
1848: Mexico ratifies a treaty giving the US New Mexico, California and parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado for $15 million.
1883: A stampede caused by a rumour that the Brooklyn Bridge was going to collapse kills 12.
1904: The Japanese Army captures the city of Dairen after landing troops along the south coast of Manchuria.
1912: Aviation pioneer Wilbur Wright dies of typhoid fever aged 45.
1922: The completed Lincoln Memorial is dedicated in Washington DC.
1937: Chicago police shoot and kill 10 unarmed demonstrators during the “Little Steel Strike”.
1941: The British Army enters Baghdad.
1942: 1,047 RAF bombers bomb Cologne.
1951: Ezzard Charles beats Joey Maxim in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
1953: Australian Ken Rosewall wins the French Championships, beating American Vic Seixas 6-3, 6-4, 1-6, 6-2.
1954: Emile Zatopek runs world record 5000m (13:57.2)
1957: Real Madrid beats Fiorentina, 2-0 to win the European Cup.
1960: Author Boris Pasternak dies aged 70.
1961: Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo.
1963: Singles chart:
- From Me To You – The Beatles
- Do You Want To Know A Secret – Billy J Kramer and the Dakotas
- Scarlett O’Hara – Jet Harris and Tony Meehan
- Lucky Lips – Cliff Richard
- Can’t Get Used To Losing You – Andy Williams
- Two Kinds Of Teardrops – Del Shannon
- When Will You Say I Love You – Billy Fury
- In Dreams – Roy Orbison
- Young Lovers – Paul and Paula
- Deck Of Cards – Wink Martingdale
1964: Margaret Court of Australia wins her second French singles crown, beating Maria Bueno of Brazil 5-7, 6-1, 6-2.
1966: Graham Hill wins the Indianapolis 500.
1967: King Hussein of Jordan and President Abdel Nasser of Egypt sign a joint defence agreement in case of a conflict with Israel. On the same day, the Republic of Biafra, a predominantly Igbo secessionist state in eastern Nigeria, is founded by Lt. Col. Odumegwu Ojukwu. Also, “One Hundred Years of Solitude” by Gabriel Garcia Marquez is published in Buenos Aires.
1968: Working at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, St John’s Wood, The Beatles begin recording what will become known as the White Album with the song Revolution #1.
1972: The Official IRA announces a ceasefire, but the Provisional IRA says it will continue fighting until the British leave Northern Ireland.
1979: Brian Clough’s Nottingham Forest beat Malmo with a goal from Trevor Francis to win the European Cup.
1980: Carl Radle bass player with Derek and the Dominoes and Delaney Bonnie, dies of kidney failure aged 38.
1981: President of Bangladesh, Zia Rahman, is assassinated in Chittagong in a coup attempt.
1982: Spain becomes the 16th member of NATO.
1984: Liverpool beat Roma on penalties after a 1-1 draw. to win the European Cup in Rome.
1987: Mike Tyson TKOs Pinklon Thomas in round 6 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1990: The French Government bans imports of British beef and live cattle because of fears over BSE.
1992: The UN votes for sanctions against Serb-led Yugoslavia to halt fighting. On the same day, songwriter Paul Simon marries singer Edie Brickell.
1995: Arsenal legend Ted Drake dies aged 82.
1997: Betty Shabazz, the widow of Malcolm X, is set on fire by her 12-year old grandson.
1998: A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.
2001: Former French Foreign Minister Roland Dumas is jailed for six months after being found guilty of illegally receiving funds from oil giant Elf Aquitaine between 1989 and 1992. He was cleared in 2003.
2003: Record producer Mickie Most dies aged 64.
2009: Chelsea beats Everton, 2-1 to win the FA Cup at Wembley.
2010: Album chart:
- Immersion – Pendelum
- Crazy Love – Michael Buble
- Glee The Music Volume 3: Showstoppeers – Glee Cast
- The House – Katie Melua
- Exile On Main Street – The Rolling Stones
- The Element Of Freedom – Alicia Keys
- The Defamation Of Strickland Banks
- The Fame – Lady Gaga
- The Dance – Faithless
- Lungs – Florence and the Machine
2012: Nations including Germany, Turkey and Canada, expel Syrian diplomats following the Houla massacre.
2015: Enrique Iglesias slices his fingers open when he tried to grab a drone camera, which was taking pictures of the audience, at a concert in Tijuana, Mexico. On the same day, Arsenal beats Aston Villa, 4-0 to win the FA Cup at Wembley Stadium and Alistair Cook becomes the leading run scorer of all time in test cricket for England.
2016: Former Chad dictator Hissène Habré is convicted of crimes against humanity by the Extraordinary African chambers, the first ex-head of state to be convicted of the charge.
2017: A large suicide bomb in the diplomatic quarter of Kabul, Afghanistan, kills more than 150 people and injures 400.
2019: Singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor Leon Redbone dies age 69.
2020: Elon Musk’s Space X becomes the first private company to launch astronauts into space with the launch of the Falcon 9 rocket carrying the Dragon capsule from Cape Canaveral to the International Space Station.
BIRTHDAYS: Keir Dullea, actor, 86; Lenny Davidson, guitarist (The Dave Clark Five) 78; Colm Meaney, actor, 69; Nicky “Topper” Headon, drummer (The Clash), 67; Phil Brown, football manager, 63; Harry Enfield, comedian/writer, 61; Wynnona Judd, country singer, 58; Tom Morello, guitarist/songwriter (Rage Against The Machine), 58; Mark Sheppard, actor, 58; Stephen Malkmus,singer-songwriter, 56; Tim Burgess, singer-songwriter (The Charlatans), 54; Idina Menzel, actress/singer, 51; John Ross Bowie, actor, 51; Duncan Jones, director, 51; Keith Lemon (Leigh Francis), comedian, 49; Cee-Lo Green (Thomas Callaway) singer-songwriter, 48; Rachael Stirling (Garvey), actress, 45; Steven Gerrard, football manager, 42; Devendra Banhart, singer-songwriter, 41; Jennifer Ellison, actress, 39; Jared Gilmour, actor, 22.