1471: The Battle of Tewkesbury, the final battle between the Houses of Lancaster and York: Prince of Wales, Edward of Westminster is killed and Edward IV is restored to his throne.
1535: Five Carthusian monks from London Charterhouse monastery are hung, drawn and quartered at Tyburn for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the Church of England.
1728: Handel’s opera “Tolomeo, re di Egitto” premieres in London.
1776: Rhode Island in the US declares independence from Britain.
1780: Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins the first Epsom Derby.
1843: Britain annexes Natal.
1878: Thomas Edison’s Phonograph is shown for the first time.
1896: First edition of the London Daily Mail.
1904: Construction begins by the US on the Panama Canal.
1917: A flotilla of US destroyers arrive in Queenstown, Ireland, to aid in convoying ships to England.
1924: VIII Summer Olympic Games open in Paris.
1932: Al Capone enters Atlanta Penitentiary convicted of income tax evasion.
1942: The Battle of the Coral Sea begins between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces.
1945: German forces in Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands surrender unconditionally to British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery. On the same day, German forces in Bavaria surrender unconditionally to American commander Jacob L. Devers.
1949: A plane carrying the entire Torino Serie A soccer squad crashes on the outskirts of Turin, killing 31 people.
1953: Ernest Heningway wins the Puitzer Price for The Old Man And Tthe Sea.
1956: Gene Vincent recorded the classic rock ‘n roll song ‘Be Bop-A-Lula’, at Owen Bradley’s studio in Nashville.
1959: The first Grammy Awards. Among the winners were Ella Fitzgerald and Perry Como.
1970: Four students at Kent University, Ohio, were killed and 11 wounded by National Guard troops at a campus demonstration protesting the escalation of the Vietnam War.
1975: Mo Howard (Moses Hrowitz) of The Three Stooges dies aged 77.
1979: Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman to be elected Prime Minister of the UK as the Tories win the general election.
1980: Josep Broz (Tito), leader of Yugoslavia, dies aged 87.
1982: British destroyer HMS Sheffield is hit by an Exocet missile off the Falkland Islands. Twenty crew die.
1984: Actress Diana Dors (Fluck) dies of cancer aged 52.
1987: Blues vocalist and harmonica player Paul Butterfield died at his home in California of drug-related heart failure, aged 44.
1989: NASA launches Magellan mission to Venus from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida.
1991: US President George Bush is hospitalized with an erratic heartbeat.
1994: Arsenal win the European Cup Winner’s Cup 1-0 against Parma in Copenhagen.
1998: “Unabomber” Ted Kaczynski is sentenced to four life sentences plus 30 years after he accepts a plea bargain sparing him from the death penalty.
2000: Metallica demanded online music service Napster cut off 335,000 users who they claimed had been illegally trading their songs. The band had passed on the names of all those they considered to be “stealing” their material over the internet in the latest development in an ongoing battle over the protection of music copyright on the web. On the same day, Ken Livingstone becomes Mayor of London.
2002: Arsenal beat Chelsea 2-0 at the Millennium stadium, Cardiff to win the FA Cup.
2004: Ska and reggae producer Clement Seymour Dodd died aged 72.
2007: The Scottish National Party becomes the largest party in the Scottish Parliament for the first time.
2012: Rapper/musician, Adam Yauch of The Beastie Boys died of cancer aged 47.
2013: Author Harper Lee files a lawsuit against a literary agent over the copyright of To Kill a Mockingbird. On the same day, Floyd Mayweather Jr. defeats Robert Guerrero to retain his WBC Welterweight title and Juventus win their 29th Serie A title.
2015: Basildon’s Stuart Bingham wins the World Snooker Championship.
BIRTHDAYS: Katherine Jackson, matriarch of the Jacksons, 90; Zal (Alex) Cleminson, guitarist (The Sensational Alex Harvey Band), 71; Jackie Jackson, singer (The Jackson 5), 69; Colin Bass, bassist (Camel) 69; Mick Mars (Bob Deal) guitarist, (Morley Crue) 69; Michael Barrymore, comedian, 68; Randy Travis, country artist, 61; Jay Aston, singer (Bucks Fizz) 59; Oleta Adams, singer/pianist, 58; Kate Garraway, TV presenter, 53; Julian Barratt, comedian, 52; Gregg Alexander, singer/songwriter (The New Radicals), 50; Will Arnett, actor, 50; Mike Dirnt, bassist (Green Day), 48; Lance Bass, singer (NSYNC) 41; Ravi Bopara, cricketer, 35; Rory McIlroy, golfer, 31.