1260: Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire.
1494: Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica, landing at Discovery Bay on his second journey to the New World.
1646: Charles I surrenders in Scotland.
1818: Birth of Karl Marx in Trier, Prussia.
1821: Napoleon Bonaparte dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena.
1877: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the US Army.
1891: Carnegie Hall in New York opens with Tchaikovsky as guest conductot.
1916: US Marines invade the Dominican Republic.
1925: Afrikaans is established as an official language in South Africa.
1928: Everton’s Dixie Dean scores a hat-trick against Arsenal to bring his League goals total for the season to 60 – still a record. Including FA Cup and representative matches his total for the season was an amazing 82 goals.
1930: Amy Johnson sets off on the first female solo flight from England to Australia.
1935: US athlete Jesse Owens sets the long jump record at 26′ 8½”.
1936: Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa in Abyssinia.
1941: Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa. On the same day, Chanel No. 5 is released by fashion designer. Coco Chanel.
1944: Mahatma Gandhi is released from prison.
1945: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler’s death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.
1952: Herman Wouk wins the Pulitzer Prize for The Caine Mutiny.
1956: At the FA Cup final between Manchester City and Birmingham City, Bert Trautmann, the Manchester City goalkeeper, is injured making a save. With no substitutes in those days, he played on to help his side to a 3-1 win. Three days later it was found that he had played on with a broken neck. His surgeon told him bluntly: “You should be dead”.
1960: Singles chart:
- Cathy’s Clown – The Everly Brothers
- Do You Mind? – Anthony Newley
- Someone Else’s Baby – Adam Faith
- Standing On The Corner – The King Brothers
- Fall In Love With You – Cliff Richard and the Shadows
- Handy Man – Jimmy Jones
- Sweet Nothin’s – Brenda Lee
- Stuck On You – Elvis Presley
- My Old Man’s A Dustman – Lonnie Donegan
- Footsteps – Steve Lawrence
1961: Commander Alan Shepard returns to Earth in his Mercury 3 capsule after becoming the first American in space.
1963: On the recommendation of George Harrison, Dick Rowe Head of A&R at Decca records, (the man who turned down The Beatles) went to see The Rolling Stones play at Crawdaddy Club, London. The band were signed to the label within a week.
1966: Borussia Dortmund win the European Cup Winner’s Cup 2-1 against Liverpool in Glasgow.
1967: The first ever all-British satellite, Aerial 3, is successfully launched into orbit from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.
1969: At York City’s game against Halifax Town, referee Roy Harper collapses on the pitch shortly after kick off and dies of a heart attack. Incredibly, the game is not called off.
1972: Blind blues guitarist The Reverend Gary Davis, whose finger picking style influenced many guitarists, dies of a heart attack aged 76. On the same day, the three-day Bickershaw Festival begins in Wigan. Acts appearing include The Grateful Dead, Dr John, The Kinks, Captain Beefheart, Family and Wishbone Ash.
1980: A siege at the Iranian embassy in London comes to a dramatic end after a raid by SAS commandos.
1981: Hunger striker Bobby Sands MP dies in the Maze prison 66 days after first refusing to eat.
1984: Simple Minds singer Jim Kerr marries Pretenders singer Chrissie Hynde in a horse drawn carriage in Central Park, New York City.
1990: Crocodile Dundee actors Paul Hogan and Linda Kozlowski marry in Australia.
1998: Death of bandleader Syd Lawrence aged 74.
2000: Rod Stewart undergoes a one-hour throat operation at Cedar Sinai Medical Centre in Los Angeles to remove a benign growth on his thyroid. On the same day, actress Angelina Jolie marries actor Billy Bob Thornton in Las Vegas.
2002: Jacques Chirac wins the French Presidential election for a second term.
2005: Labour under Tony Blair wins a third term in Government but with a greatly reduced majority. On the same day, singer Justin Timberlake undergoes an operation at Los Angeles’ Cedars Sinai Hospital to remove nodules from his throat.
2012: Chelsea beats Liverpool, 2–1 in the FA Cup Final at Wembley Stadium.
2013: Album chart:
- Home – Rudimental
- To Be Loved – Michael Buble
- The Truth About Love – Pink
- Our Version Of Events – Emeli Sande
- Willpower – will.i.am
- All The Little Lights – Passenger
- Unorthodox Jukebox – Bruno Mars
- The 20/20 Experience – Justin Timblerlake
- 18 Months – Calvin Harris
- Before I Sleep – Bo Bruce
2014: Mark Selby beats Ronnie O’Sullivan for his first World Snooker title.
2016: The Rolling Stones instruct tell Donald Trump to stop playing their songs during his presidential campaign.
2018: Former Manchester United Manager Sir Alex Ferguson suffers a brain haemorrhage and is hospitalised.
2019: King Vajiralongkorn is crowned King of Thailand.
2020: Jamaican singer Millie Small dies aged 72 after suffering a stroke. On the same day, singer Sweet Pea Atkinson of Was (Not Was) dies from a heart attack in Los Angeles, aged 74.
BIRTHDAYS: Lance Henriksen, actor, 81; Sir Michael Palin, actor/writer/broadcaster, 78; John Rhys-Davies, actor, 77; Bill Ward, drummer, (Black Sabbath) 73; Eddy Amoo, singer-songwriter (The Real Thing), 71; Pete Erskine, drummer (Weather Report) 67; Roddy Radiation (Roderick Byers), guitarist (The Specials), 66; Richard E Grant, actor, 64; Theresa Bazar, singer-songwriter (Guys ‘n’ Dolls/Dollar) 64; Ian McCulloch, singer-songwriter (Echo and the Bunnymen) 62; Simon Rimmer, TV chef, 58; Lorraine McIntosh, singer (Deacon Blue) 57; James Cracknell, rower, 49; Craig David, singer-songwriter/rapper, 40; Henry Cavill, actor, 38; Adele (Atkins), singer-songwriter, 33; Chris Brown, singer-songwriter, 32; Raul Jiménez, footballer, 30.