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1260: Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire.
1494: Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica, landing at Discovery Bay on his second journey to the New World.
1646: Charles I surrenders in Scotland.
1818: Birth of Karl Marx in Trier, Prussia.
1821: Napoleon Bonaparte dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena.
1877: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the US Army.
1891: Carnegie Hall in New York opens with Tchaikovsky as guest conductot.
1916: US Marines invade the Dominican Republic.
1925: Afrikaans is established as an official language in South Africa.
1930: Amy Johnson sets off on the first female solo flight from England to Australia.
1935: US athlete Jesse Owens sets the long jump record at 26′ 8½”.
1936: Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa in Abyssinia.
1941: Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa. On the same day, Chanel No. 5 is released by fashion designer. Coco Chanel.
1944: Mahatma Gandhi is released from prison.
1945: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler’s death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.
1952: Herman Wouk wins the Pulitzer Prize for The Caine Mutiny.
1961: Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space aboard Freedom 7.
1963: On a recommendation by George Harrison, Dick Rowe Head of A&R at Decca records, (and the man who turned down The Beatles) went to see The Rolling Stones play at Crawdaddy Club, London. The band were signed to the label within a week.
1966: Borussia Dortmund win the European Cup Winner’s Cup 2-1 against Liverpool in Glasgow.
1972: Blues guitarist Reverend Gary Davis died of a heart attack aged 76.
1980: Siege at the Iranian Embassy in London ends as the SAS storms the building. On the same day, Cliff Thorburn wins the world Snooker Championship at The Crucible, Sheffield.
1981: After 66 days on hunger strike, 26 year-old Provisional IRA member and British MP Bobby Sands dies in the Maze Prision.
1984: Simple Minds singer Jim Kerr married Pretenders singer Chrissie Hynde.
1990: Crocodile Dundee actors Paul Hogan and Linda Kozlowski marry in Australia.
1998: Death of bandleader Syd Lawrence aged 74.
2000: Angelina Jolie marries actor Billy Bob Thornton in Las Vegas.
2002: Jacques Chirac wins the French Presidential election for a second term.
2005: Tony Blair’s Labour Party is re-elected for a third consecutive term in the general election.
2012: Chelsea beats Liverpool, 2–1 in the FA Cup Final at Wembley Stadium.
2014: Mark Selby beats Ronnie O’Sullivan for his first World Snooker title.
2016: The Rolling Stones told Donald Trump to stop playing their songs during his presidential campaign.
2018: Former Manchester United Manager Sir Alex Ferguson suffers a brain haemorrhage and is hospitalised.
2019: King Vajiralongkorn is crowned King of Thailand.
BIRTHDAYS: Lance Henriksen, actor, 80; Sir Michael Palin, actor/writer/broadcaster, 77; John Rhys Davies, actor, 76; Bill Ward, drummer (Black Sabbath) 72; Eddie Amoo, singer (The Real Thing) 70; Peter Erskine, drummer (Weather Report/Steps Ahead), 66; Richard E Grant, actor, 63; Ian McCulloch, singer (Echo and the Bunnymen) 61; Simon Rimmer, TV chef, 57; Lorraine McIntosh, singer (Deacon Blue) 56; James Cracknell, rower, 48; Craig David, singer, 39; Henry Cavill, actor, 37; Adele (Atkins) singer, 32; Chris Brown, singer, 31.