1502: James Tyrrell, the alleged murderer of the Princes in the Tower is executed.
1527: Spanish and German imperial troops sack Rome.
1682: Louis XIV moves his court to Versailles.
1851: Dr John Gorrie patents a “refrigeration machine”.
1856: Birth of father of psychology Sigmund Freud.
1882: Epping Forest is dedicated to Queen Victoria. On the same day, Lord Frederick Cavendish, Chief Secretary for Ireland is murdered hours after arriving in Dublin.
1906: Tsar Nicolas II of Russia claims right to legislate by decree and restricts the power of the Duma.
1910: George V becomes king upon the death of his father, Edward VII.
1914: The House of Lords rejects women’s suffrage.
1935: George V celebrates his silver jubilee.
1937: German airship The Hindenburg explodes in flames as it approaches Lakehurst, New Jersey.
1940: John Steinbeck wins the Pulitzer Prize for The Grapes of Wrath.
1941: Josef Stalin becomes Premier of the Soviet Union.
1950: Actress Elizabeth Taylor marries Conrad Hilton.
1954: Roger Bannister becomes the first person to run a sub four-minute mile, (3:59:4) at Oxford.
1955: West Germany joins NATO.
1957: John F Kennedy wins the Pulitzer Prize for Profiles in Courage.
1959: Icelandic gunboats fire at British fishing boats.
1960: Trotsky’s murderer Jacques Mornard (Ramon Mercader) is freed in Mexico. On the same day, Princess Margaret marries Antony Armstrong-Jones at Westminster Abbey.
1964: Joe Orton’s “Entertaining Mr Sloan” premieres in London.
1965: In a Florida hotel room, Keith Richards worked out the riff to (I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction after buying a fuzz-box earlier that day.
1966: Moors murderers Myra Hindley and Ian Brady are sentenced to life imprisonment.
1968: Spain closes the border to Gibraltar except for Spaniards.
1970: Irish Prime Minister Jack Lynch sacks two ministers in the Irish government over allegations of illegal arms importation. On the same day, Feyenoord beats Celtic, 2-1 in Milan to win the European Cup.
1974: West German Chancellor Willy Brandt resigns amidst controversy over his aide Günter Guillaume’s ties with the Stasi.
1982: Former manager of The Bay City Rollers Tam Paton, was convicted on a charge of gross indecency with boys and was sentenced to three years in jail.
1987: American televangelist Jim Bakker and Rich Dortch are dismissed from the Assemblies of God after revelations of an alleged rape of a church secretary.
1990: Former South African president, P W Botha quits the ruling National Party.
1992: Death of actress/singer Marlene Dietrich aged 90.
1994: Opening of the Channel Tunnel. On the same day, Lennox Lewis defeats Phil Jackson in Round 8 for the world heavyweight boxing title. On the same day, Nelson Mandela and the ANC are confirmed as winners of the first post apartheid elections in South Africa.
1996: The body of former CIA director William Colby is found washed up on a riverbank in southern Maryland, eight days after he disappeared.
1997: The Bank of England is given independence from political control, the most significant change in the bank’s 300-year history.
2002: Songwriter and producer Otis “Bumps” Blackwell died from a heart attack. He wrote the classic songs ‘All Shook Up’, ‘Return To Sender’, ‘Don’t Be Cruel’ and ‘Great Balls Of Fire’. On the same day, Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn is shot and killed by an animal rights activist.
2004: Jazz guitarist Barney Kessel died of a brain tumour aged 80.
2006: The Go-Betweens singer, songwriter Grant McLennan died in his sleep at his home in Brisbane, Australia, aged 48.
2008: Babyshambles frontman Pete Doherty was released from Wormwood Scrubs prison after serving 29 days of a 14-week sentence for breaching the terms of his probation.
2012: Francois Hollande is elected president of France.
2013: Lauryn Hill was sentenced in the US state of New Jersey to three months in jail for tax evasion.
2014: Author Leslie Thomas dies aged 83.
2015: Singer and songwriter Errol Brown, frontman of Hot Chocolate, died of liver cancer.
2017: Olympic diver Tom Daley (23) weds Oscar-winning screenwriter Dustin Lance Black at Bovey Castle in Devon. On the same day, 84 abducted schoolgirls are released in exchange for Boko Haram suspects in Nigeria.
2019: The Sultan of Brunei announces a moratorium on the death penalty for gay sex and adultery after worldwide condemnation over new Sharia laws.
BIRTHDAYS: Bob Seger, singer/songwriter, 75; Alan Dale, actor, 73; Davy Johnstone, guitarist (Elton John) 69; Tony Blair, former prime minister, 67; Graeme Souness, football pundit/manager 67; George Clooney, actor/director, 59; Norman Whiteside, former footballer, 55; Chris Shiflett, guitarist (Foo Fighters) 49; Adrianne Palicki, actress, 37; Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor, 1.