558: The dome of the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul collapses.
1429: The seige of Orleans is broken by Joan of Arc and the French Army.
1663: The Theatre Royal in Drury Lane London opens.
1718: New Orleans is founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville.
1765: HMS Victory launched.
1812: Birth of poet Robert Browning.
1824: Beethoven’s 9th (Chorale) Symphony, premieres in Vienna.
1833: Birth of composer Johannes Brahms in Hamburg.
1840: Birth of composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky in Russia.
1866: German Premier Otto von Bismarck is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt.
1873: US marines attack Panama.
1913: The House of Commons rejects women’s right to vote.
1915: RMS Lusitania is sunk by a German submarine off the southern coast of Ireland with 1198 lives lost.
1919: Birth of Eva Peron in Argentina.
1928: The UK lowers the age of women voters from 30 to 21.
1941: Glenn Miller records “Chattanooga Choo Choo” for RCA.
1942: A Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed.
1945: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims.
1946: Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with around 20 employees.
1952:The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey Dummer.
1954: The US, Great Britain and France reject Russian membership of NATO.
1958: US Air Force Major Howard Johnson sets world aircraft altitude record in a Lockhead F-104 Starfighter at 27,810m.
1960: Leonid Brezhnev replaces Kliment Voroshilov as President of the USSR.
1991: Wilson Pickett was arrested after running into an 86 year old man and yelling death threats whilst driving his car over the mayor’s front lawn in Englewood, New Jersey. Pickett was charged with driving with open bottles of alcohol in his car.
1994: Edvard Munch’s painting “The Scream” is recovered three months after it was stolen.
1995: Jacques Chirac wins the French presidential election.
1998: Singer, songwriter Eddie Rabbit died of lung cancer aged 56.
2000: Death of actor Douglas Fairbanks Jr aged 90.
2011: John Walker (Maus) best known as the founder of The Walker Brothers died of liver cancer. On the same day, golfer Seve Ballesteros dies from brain cancer aged 54.
2012: Vladimir Putin is sworn in for third six-year term as President of Russia.
2015: The Tories win an outright majority in the general election and David Cameron returns as prime minister.
2017: Emmanuel Macron wins France’s presidential election.
2018: Vladimir Putin is sworn in as Russian President for another six years. On the same day, Mark Williams defeats John Higgins 18-16 to wins the World Snooker Championship at The Crucible in Sheffield.
BIRTHDAYS: Richard O’Sullivan, actor, 76; Christy Moore, folk singer, songwriter, 75: Bill Kreutzmann, drummer (The Grateful Dead), 74; Carlos Alomar, guitarist, 69; Steve Diggle, guitarist (The Buzzcocks), 65; Breckin Meyer, actor, 46; Kate Lawler, DJ, 40; Matt Helders, drummer (Arctic Monkeys), 34.