1092: Lincoln Cathedral is consecrated.
1502: Christopher Columbus leaves Spain on his fourth and final trip to the New World.
1671: Colonel Thomas Blood attempts to steal the Crown Jewels.
1689: William III declares war on France.
1753: Louis XV disbands the French parliament.
1788: British parliament accepts the abolition of the slave trade.
1816: Lady Caroline Lamb publishes “Genarvon”, a thinly disguised account of her affair with Lord Byron.
1865: President Andrew Johnson issues a proclamation declaring armed resistance in the South is virtually at an end; this is the commonly accepted end date of the American Civil War.
1868: Premiere of Anton Bruckner’s 1st Symphony in C.
1874: Victoria Embankment opens in London.
1904: The locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine to exceed 100mph.
1927: Canberra replaces Melbourne as the capital of Australia.
1930: John Masefield is appointed Poet Laureate by George V.
1936: Italy annexes Abyssinia.
1941: Alan Turing at Bletchley Park breaks German spy codes after capturing Enigma machines aboard the weather ship Muenchen.
1943: 5th German Panzer army surrenders in Tunisia.
1944: Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol.
1945: Czechoslovakia is liberated from Nazi occupation. On the same day, the Channel Islands are liberated, Norwegian prime minister Vidkun Quisling is arrested as a Nazi collaborator and Hermann Goering is captured by US troops.
1946: King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates and is succeeded by his son Umberto II who reigns for only 34 days before the monarchy is abolished.
1949: Britain’s first launderette opens in Queensway, London. On the same day, Prince Rainier III becomes monarch of Monaco.
1951: England played their first international against foreign opposition at Wembley, beating Argentina 2-1 in front of 99,000 fans.
1955: West Germany joins NATO.
1956: Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden refuses to reveal details surrounding the disappearance of a naval diver during a goodwill visit by the Soviet leadership, telling the House of Commons “the appropriate disciplinary steps” were being taken – heightening speculation that Commander Lionel “Buster” Crabb was on a secret spying mission for which permission had not been granted.
1960: Nigeria becomes a member of the Commonwealth. On the same day, the US becomes the first country to legalize the birth control pill.
1962: The Beatles sign a recording contract with EMI Parlophone. On the same day, a laser beam is bounced off the moon for the first time.
1972: Israeli soldiers disguised as maintenance staff storm a hijacked airplane at Lod airport in Tel Aviv and release the 100 people on board.
1976: Singles chart:
- Fernando – ABBA
- Save Your Kisses For Me – Brotherhood Of Man
- Jungle Rock – Hank Mizell
- S-S-S-Single Bed – Fox
- More More More – Andrea True Connection
- Arms Of Mary – The Sutherland Brothers and Quiver
- Convoy GB – Laurie Lingo and the Dipsticks
- Get Up And Boogie – Silver Convention
- Silver Star – The Four Seasons
- Can’t Help Falling In Love – The Stylistics
- Greatest Hitss – ABBA
- Black And Blue – The Rolling Stones
- Wings At The Speed Of Sound – Wings
- Rock Follies – Original Television Soundtrack
- Instrumental Gold – Various Artists
- Presence – Led Zeppelin
- How Dare You – 10cc
- Their Greatest Hits 1971-75 – The Eagles
- No Earthly Connection – Rick Wakeman
- Juke Box Jive – Various Artists
1978: The corpse of kidnapped Italian ex-premier Aldo Moro is found in the back of a Renault 4, after being shot 10 times by the Red Brigade.
1979: Police open fire on anti-government protesters in outside the Metropolitan cathedral in El Salvador, killing 24.
1986: Death of Tenzing Norgay, sherpa for Edmund Hillary in the first ascent of Mt Everest, aged 71.
1987: Tom Cruise marries actress Mimi Rogers.
1988: Syria hints it may send in troops to halt the bloodshed in the slums of southern Beirut. On the same day, Australia’s new parliament house in Canberra is opened by HM The Queen.
1990: Sampdoria win the European Cup Winner’s Cup 2-0 against Anderlecht in Gothenburg.
1998: Dana International wins the Eurovision Song Contest for Israel singing “Diva” in Birmingham.
1999: Father Ted wins best comedy at the BAFTA TV awards.
2001: 129 Ghanian football fans die in a stampede at Accra Sports Stadium caused by the firing of teargas by police following a decision by the referee in a match between arch-rivals Accra Hearts of Oak and Kumasi Asante Kotoko.
2004: Chechen president Akhmad Kadyrov is killed in a land mine bomb blast under a VIP stage during a World War II memorial victory parade in Grozny.
2005: Launch of website The Huffington Post.
2010: Actress and singer Lena Horne dies aged 92.
2012: Death of hair stylist Vidal Sassoon aged 84.
2013: Everton Manager David Moyes is announced as Sir Alex Ferguson’s successor at Manchester United.
2017: Record producer/composer/musician/DJ Robert Miles dies on Ibiza at the age of 47 from cancer. On the same day, President Donald Trump dismisses FBI Director James Comey.
2020: Little Richard (Penniman) dies of bone cancer at the age of 87.
BIRTHDAYS: Alan Bennett, playwright, 88; Glenda Jackson, actress, 86; Sonny Curtis, musician (The Crickets) 85; Vince Cable, politician, 79; Tommy Roe, singer-songwriter, 79; Richie Furay, musician (Buffalo Springfield/Poco) 78; Steve Katz, guitarist (Blood Sweat and Tears) 77; Candice Bergen, actress, 76; Billy Joel singer-songwriter, 73; John “Rhino” Edwards, bassist (Status Quo) 69; Tessa Peake-Jones, actress, 65; Paul Heaton, singer-songwriter (The Housemartins/The Beautiful South) 60; Dave Gahan, singer (Depeche Mode) 60; Tracy Brabin MP, politician/actress, 60; Kitty Aldridge (Knopfler), actress, 60; Neil “Razor” Ruddock, footballer, 54; Ghostface Killah (Dennis Coles), rapper, 52; Martin Lewis, financial journalist/broadcaster, 50; Rosario Dawson, actress, 43; Grace Gummer, actress, 36; Ellen White, footballer, 33.