1483: Birth of Martin Luther in Saxony.
1683: Birth of future King George II of Gt Britain and Ireland in Germany.
1697: Birth of artist William Hogarth in London.
1730: Dramatist Oliver Goldsmith is born in Ireland.
1793: France ends the forced worship of God.
1871: Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words: “Dr Livingstone, I presume.”
1880: Birth of sculptor Jacob Epstein in New York.
1885: Gottlieb Daimler unveils the world’s first motorcycle.
1891: French poet Arthur Rimbaud dies of bone cancer aged 37.
1911: The Chinese Imperial army recaptures Nanking amid much bloodshed.
1917: The new Bolshevik government under Lenin suspends freedom of the press.
1918: Kaiser Wilhelm II flees to The Netherlands. On the same day, the Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia, receives a top-secret coded message from Europe stating that on November 11, 1918 all fighting will cease on land, sea and in the air.
1920: George Bernard Shaw’s “Heartbreak House” premieres in New York.
1924: Dion O’Banion, leader of the North Side Gang is assassinated in his flower shop by members of Johnny Torrio’s gang, sparking a bloody gang war in Chicago.
1931: Lionel Barrymore and Marie Dressler win the major acting Oscars at the 4th Academy Awards. The western Cimarron wins best picture.
1938: Pearl Buck wins the Nobel Prize for Literature. On the same day, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Republic of Turkey, dies of cirrhosis of the liver aged 57.
1940: Walt Disney begins serving as an informer for the Los Angeles office of the FBI – his job is to report back information on Hollywood subversives.
1950: William Faulkner wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1952: Trygve Lie resigns as 1st Secretary General of the United Nations.
1960: The uncensored version of D H Lawrence’s 1928 novel “Lady Chatterley’s Lover” finally goes on sale in the UK.
1966: Jack Lynch becomes Irish Taoiseach.
1975: The ore ship Edmund Fitzgerald with crew of 29 lost in storm on Lake Superior. On the same day, PLO leader Yasser Arafat addresses the UN in New York.
1977: Red Army Faction terrorists Gert Schneider and Christof Wackernagel are arrested in Amsterdam.
1978: Larry Holmes KOs Alfredo Evangelist in Round 7 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1980: Michael Foot defeats Denis Healey to become leader of the Labour Party.
1982: Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev dies from a heart attack aged 75.
1983: Marvin Hagler retains the world middleweight boxing title with a 15-round unanimous points decision over Roberto Duran at Ceasar’s Palace, Las Vegas.
1986: Jockey Sir Gordon Richards died aged 82.
1989: Germans begin demolishing the Berlin Wall.
1995: Writer and human rights activist, Ken Saro-Wiwa, is executed in Nigeria despite worldwide pleas for clemency.
1996: Death of Daily Mirror agony aunt Marjorie Proops, aged 85.
1997: British au pair Louise Woodward is freed from prison in the US after her conviction for the murder of eight-month old Matthew Eappen is reduced to manslaughter. The sentenced is reduced to time served.
2001: Author Ken Kesey dies aged 66.
2006: Actor Jack Palance (Vladimir Palahniuk), dies aged 87.
2007: Death of novelist Norman Mailer aged 84.
2008: South African singer and civil rights activist Miriam Makeba dies aged 76.
2013: Singles chart:
- Look Right Through – Storm Queen
- The Monster – Eminem
- Move – Little Mix
- Royals – Lorde
- Story Of My Life – One Direction
- Counting Stars – One Republic
- Work Bitch – Britney Spears
- Children Of The Sun – Tinie Pempah ft John Martin
- Eat Sleep Rave Repeat – Fatboy Slim/Rivastarr/Beardyman
- You’re Nobody ‘Til Somebody Loves You – James Arthur
2014: Cranberries singer Dolores O’Riordan was arrested following an alleged air rage incident.
2015: Songwriter/composer, record producer, Alan Toussaint, died aged 77 while on tour in Spain. On the same day, Portugal’s minority government is toppled by left-wing opposition two weeks after coming to power.
2017: Comedian Louis C.K. Admits stories of sexual misconduct circulating about him are true.
- The Thrill Of It All – Sam Smith
- A Love So Beautiful – Roy Orbison/Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
- Together Again – Michael Ball and Alfie Boe
- Divide – Ed Sheeran
- Beautiful Trauma – Pink
- Nat King Cole & Me – Gregory Porter
- Listen Without Prejudice Vol 1 – George Michael
- As You Were – Liam Gallagher
- Sheridan – Sheridan Smith
- Scream Above The Sounds – Stereophonics
BIRTHDAYS: Tim Rice, lyricist, 76; Neil Gaiman, writer, 60; Hugh Bonneville, actor, 57; Eddie Irvine, motor racer, 55; Tracy Morgan, actor/comedian, 52; Ellen Pompeo, actress, 51; Jens Lehmann, goalkeeper, 51; Jacqui Abbott, singer, 47; Miranda Lambert, country singer, 37; Taron Egerton, actor, 31.