1035: Death of King Canute.
1439: Plymouth becomes the first town incorporated by Parliament.
1555: Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
1661: Scientist Robert Hooke is appointed curator of experiments to the Royal Society.
1673: Dutch troops under Willem III occupy Bonn.
1793: The first Mayor of Paris, Jean Sylvain Bailly, is guillotined during the Reign of Terror.
1840: Birth of sculptor Auguste Rodin in Paris.
1847: Sir James Young Simpson is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
1859: Jules Leotard performs the first flying trapeze circus act in Paris.
1865: Death of novelist Elizabeth Gaskell aged 54.
1880: The novel “Ben-Hur: A Tale of The Christ” by soldier Lew Wallace is published.
1905: Norway holds a referendum in favour of the monarchy over a republic.
1912: Robert Falcon Scott’s diary and body are found in Antarctica.
1923: Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempting to seize power duringthe “Beer Hall Putsch”.
1927: Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, paving the way for Stalin to consolidate complete power.
1933: First known photo of the Loch Ness monster is taken by Hugh Gray.
1942: The naval battle of Guadalcanal begins between Allied and Japanese forces.
1944: The RAF bombs and sinks the German battleship “Tirpitz” at Tromso Fjord, Norway.
1948: Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo is sentenced to death by a war crimes tribunal.
1953: David Ben-Gurion resigns as Prime Minister of Israel.
1954: New York’s main immigration point for 62 years, Ellis Island, shuts its doors.
1964: Singles chart:
- Oh Pretty Woman – Roy Orbison
- (There’s) Always Something There To Remind Me – Sandie Shaw
- Sha La La – Manfred Mann
- Walk Away – Matt Monro
- Baby Love – The Supremes
- He’s In Town – The Rockin’ Berries
- All Day And All Of The Night – The Kinks
- Um Um Um Um Um Um – Wayne Fontana and The Mindbenders
- The Wedding – Julie Rogers
- Google Eye – The Nashville Teens
1965: Ferdinand Marcos is elected President of Philippines.
1966: Buzz Aldrin takes the first ‘space selfie’, a photo of himself performing extravehicular activity in space during the Gemini 12 mission.
1967: Album charts:
- The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack
- Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band – The Beatles
- Best Of The Beach Boys Vol 2 – The Beach Boys
- Breakthrough – Various Artists
- British Motown Chartbusters – Various Artists
- Universal Soldier – Donovan
- Dr Zhivago – Original Soundtrack
- Scott – Scott Walker
- Thoroughly Modern Millie – Original Soundtrack
- Release Me – Engelbert Humperdinck
1969: The US army announces it is investigating Lt William Calley for the alleged massacre of civilians at the Vietnamese village of My Lai on March, 19. On the same day, actress Julie Andrews marries director Blake Edwards in Beverly Hills.
1974: South Africa is suspended from the UN General Assembly over its racial policies. On the same day, a salmon is discovered in the River Thames for the first time since 1833.
1979: President Jimmy Carter announces a halt to Iranian oil imports & freezes Iranian assets.
1981: Film star William Holden slips on a rug and bleeds to death aged 63.
1982: The Polish government frees the leader of the outlawed Solidarity movement, Lech Walesa, after 11 months of internment. On the same day, Yuri Andropov becomes leader of the Soviet Union.
1990: Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor of Japan. On the same day, Rolling Stones guitarist Ronnie Wood broke both his legs when he was run over after his car crashed on the M4 motorway near Marlborough, Wilts.
1992: “Absolutely Fabulous” written by and starring Jennifer Saunders, debuts on BBC1.
1996: Saudi Arabian Flight 763 and Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 collide in mid air over Charkhi Dadri in India, killing 349 people, the third-deadliest aviation disaster in history.
1997: ‘Great Train Robber’, Ronnie Biggs, celebrates after Brazil rejects a British request to extradite him.
2001: The three living former Beatles met for the last time at a New York hotel for lunch. Harrison died from cancer two weeks later at a house owned by Paul McCartney. On the same day, Taliban forces abandon Afghanistan’s capital Kabul, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops. Also, In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 on its way to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after take off from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
2003: Session drummer Tony Thompson died of cancer aged 48.
2007: Author Ira Levin dies aged 78.
2008: Mitch Mitchell, drummer with the Jimi Hendrix Experience wand dead in his hotel room in the US aged 61.
2011: Silvio Berlusconi resigns as Prime Minister of Italy due, in large part, to the European sovereign debt crisis.
2018: Stan Lee, creator of Marvel Comics characters, The Incredible Hulk, Spiderman, Thor, The Avengers, Iron Man, Doctor Strange and The Fantastic Four, dies aged 95.
BIRTHDAYS: Booker T. Jones, organist (Booker T & The MGs), 76; Neil Young, singer-songwriter, 75; Buck Dharma (Donald Roeser) guitarist (Blue Oyster Cult), 73; Les McKeown, singer (The Bay City Rollers) 65; Megan Mulally, actress, 61; Nadia Comăneci , gymnast, 59; Mariella Frostrup, TV presenter, 58; Vic Chesnutt, singer-songwriter, 56; Kathleen Hanna, singer-songwriter (Bikini Kill), 51; Ryan Gosling, actor, 41; Cote de Pablo ( María José de Pablo Fernández), actress, 41; Anne Hathaway, actress, 38; Carlton Cole, footballer, 37.