1002: King Ethelred II (the ‘Unready’) launches ‘St Brice’s Day’ massacre of Danish settlers.
1312: Birth of Edward III in Windsor Castle.
1553: Lady Jane Grey and Archbishop Thomas Cranmer is accused of high treason.
1642: The Battle at Turnham Green between Charles I and parliamentary forces.
1715: Government forces halt the advance of the Jacobite army led by the Scottish Earl of Mar.
1770: Death of former prime minister George Grenville aged 58.
1775: American Revolutionary forces capture Montreal.
1850: Author Robert Louis Stevenson is born in Edinburgh.
1851: First telegraph link between London and Paris.
1868: Composer Gioachino Rossini dies aged 76.
1901: The Caister Lifeboat Disaster claims the lives of nine lifeboat men off the coast of Norfolk.
1903: Death of impressionist painter Camille Pissarro aged 73.
1907: French cyclist Paul Cornu flies the first twin rotor helicopter,
1916: British offensive at Ancre, Belgium.
1918: Prince Friedrich, the last reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, abdicates.
1921: The British Empire, the US, France and Japan sign a Pacific Treaty.
1935: Anti-British riots break out in Egypt.
1941: German U-boat U-81 torpedoes British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal near Gibraltar.
1942: The minimum draft age in the US is lowered from 21 to 18.
1952: False fingernails go on the market for the first time.
1953: Singles chart:
- Answer Me – Frankie Laine
- Answer Me – David Whitfield
- Look At That Girl – Guy Mitchell
- Hey Joe – Frankie Laine
- Swedish Rhapsody – Mantovani
- Poppa Piccolino – Diana Decker
- I Believe – Frankie Laine
- Chicka Boom – Guy Mitchell
- Where The Winds Blow – Frankie Laine
- The Song From Moulin Rouge – Mantovani
1954: Great Britain beats France 16-12 to win the first Rugby League World Cup.
1956: The US Supreme court rules that race separation on buses in Alabama is unconstitutional.
1965: Critic and opponent of censorship in the theatre, Kenneth Tynan, says the word “F*ck” on a late night satire programme on the BBC.
1968: Home Affairs Minister William Craig bans all marches, with the exception of ‘customary’ parades, in Derry, Northern Ireland; the exception of ‘customary’ parades meant that Loyalist institutions could parade but civil rights marches could not.
1969: Britain’s first live quintuplets born this century make satisfactory progress at Queen Charlotte’s maternity hospital in London. On the same day, US vice president Spiro Agnew accuses network TV news departments of bias and distortion.
1970: US vice president Spiro Agnew calls TV executives “impudent snobs”.
1971: NASA probe Mariner 9 reaches Mars and goes into orbit.
1973: Italian fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli dies aged 77.
1979: The Times is published for the first time in almost a year following a union dispute over the introduction of new technology. On the same day, Ronald Reagan announces his candidacy for US President in New York.
1980: Voyager 1 sends back the first close-up pictures of Saturn.
1985: The volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupts in northern Colombia, killing 23,000 people.
1986: President Ronald Reagan confesses US weapons were sold to Iran.
1987: British TV transmits the first condom advertisement.
1988: McLaren driver Ayrton Senna finishes second in the season ending Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide to win his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1991: Electric violinist Don “Sugarcane” Harris, best known for his work on the Frank Zappa track Willie The Pimp, dies aged 61.
1992: Death of The Troggs drummer Ronnie Bond. On the same day, Riddick Bowe wins the undisputed world heavyweight boxing crown with a unanimous points decision over Evander Holyfield.
1993: Actress Michelle Pfeiffer marries television writer and producer David E. Kelley in Santa Barbara, California.
1994: Benneton driver Michael Schumacher and Damon Hill famously collide on lap 35 of the season ending Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide; Schumacher wins his first F1 World Drivers Championship by one point from Hill.
1995: Student Leah Betts is put on a life-support machine after taking an ecstasy tablet at her 18th birthday party.
1997: The UN pulls out arms inspection teams from Iraq.
2001: President George W Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.
2002: The oil tanker Prestige sinks off the Galician coast and causes a huge oil spill.
2004: Rap artist Ol’ Dirty Bastard, (Russell Jones), collapsed and died at a Manhattan recording studio in New York aged 35.
2005: Album chart:
- Ancora – Il Divo
- Face To Face – Westlife
- Aerial – Kate Bush
- Intensive Care – Robbie Williams
- Ultimate Collection – Robbie Williams
- Pieces Of A Dream – Anastacia
- Their Law: The Singles 1990 – 2005 – The Prodigy
- Back To Bedlam – James Blunt
- Thanks For The Memory: The Great American Songbook 4 – Rod Stewart
- Piece By Piece – Katie Melua
2015: Terror attacks in Paris at three locations including music venue the Bataclan, leave at least 129 dead. Isis claims responsibility.
2016: Singer-songwriter Leon Russell died in Nashville aged 74.
2018: The trial of Mexican drug lord Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzmán begins in New York.
BIRTHDAYS: George Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury, 85; Timmy Thomas, singer, 76; Joe Mantegna, actor, 73; Terry Reid, singer-songwriter, 71; Art Malik, actor, 68; Andrew Ranken, drummer, (The Pogues) 67; Tracy Scoggins, actress, 67; Chris Noth, actor, 66; Whoopi Goldberg (Caryn Johnson), actress, 65; Jimmy Kimmel, US chatshow host, 53; Gerard Butler, actor, 51; Nikolai Fraiture, bassist, (The Strokes) 41; Kevin Bridges, comedian, 34.