1002: Ethlered The Unready of England launches a massacre of Danish settlers.
1312: Birth of Edward III.
1553: Lady Jane Grey and Archbishop Thomas Cranmer are accused of high treason.
1715: Government forces halt the advance of the Jacobite army lead by Scottish Earl of Mar at the Battle of Sheriffmuir.
1789: Benjamin Franklin writes that “nothing is certain but death and taxes.”
1843: Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts.
1850: Birth of writer Robert Louis Stevenson.
1885: The Serbian Army occupies Bulgaria.
1907: French cyclist Paul Cornu flies the first helicopter.
1952: False fingernails are sold for the first time.
1956: The US Supreme court rules race separation on buses in Alabama is unconstitutional.
1965: Theatre critic Kenneth Tynan says the word “f**k” for the first time on BBC television.
1986: President Ronald Reagan confesses US weapon sales to Iran.
1987: The first condom commercial on British TV.
1988: Ayrton Senna wins his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship in a McLaren.
1992: Riddick Bowe wins the undisputed world heavyweight boxing crown with a unanimous points decision over Evander Holyfield.
1994: Michael Schumacher wins his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
2001: George W Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.
2015: Terror attacks in Paris at three locations leave at least 129 dead. Isis claims responsibility.
2016: Death of musician Leon Russell aged 74.
2018: The Trial of drugs baron Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán begins in New York .
BIRTHDAYS: George Carey, former Archbishop of Canterbury, 84; Timmy Thomas, singer/songwriter/producer, 75; Joe Mantegna, actor, 72; Terry Reid, singer, 70; Art Malik, actor, 67; Andy Ranken, drummer (The Pogues) 66; Chris Noth, actor, 65; Whoopi Goldberg (Caryn Johnson) 64; Jimmy Kimmel, TV host, 52; Gerard Butler, actor, 50; Nikolai Fraiture, bassist (The Strokes) 41.