1380: King Charles VI of France is crowned at age 12.
1524: Francisco Pizarro begins his first great expedition, near Colombia.
1532: Henry VIII secretly marries Anne Boleyn.
1650: Birth of King William III of England in The Hague.
1666: Samuel Pepys reports on the first blood transfusion between two dogs.
1687: Eleanor “Nell” Gwyn, English mistress of King Charles II of England, dies from apoplexy at 37.
1840: Impressionist painter Claude Monet is born in Paris.
1851: Moby Dick by Herman Melville is first published.
1881: Charles J Guiteau is put on trial for the assassination of US President James Garfield.
1883: Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson is first published as a book.
1885: Serbia invades Bulgaria, beginning the two-week Serbo-Bulgarian War.
1900: Composer Aaron Copeland is born in New York.
1908: Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light.
1919: The Red Army captures Omsk, Siberia.
1920: The Russian Bolshevik army occupies Sebastopol, ending anti-communist attempts to regain the government of Russia.
1922: The BBC begins daily radio broadcasts from the 2LO transmitter at Marconi House. Arthur Burrows speaks the first words: “2LO, Marconi House, London, calling.”
1934: A record seven Arsenal players line up for England in a friendly against Italy at Highbury.
1935: US President Franklin D Roosevelt proclaims The Philippines a free commonwealth.
1942: The last Vichy-French troops in Algeria surrender.
1952: Singles chart:
- Here In My Heart – Al Martino
- You Belong To Me – Jo Stafford
- Somewhere Along The Way – Nat King Cole
- The Isle Of Innisfree – Bing Crosby
- Feet Up (Pat Him On The Po-Po) – Guy Mitchell
- Half As Much – Rosemary Clooney
- Forget Me Not – Vera Lynn
- High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me) – Frankie Laine
- Sugarbush – Doris Day and Frankie Laine
- Blue Tango – Ray Martin
1954: Egyptian President Naguib resigns and a state of emergency is declared.
1965: Album chart:
- The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack
- Help! – The Beatles
- Mary Poppins – Original Soundtrack
- Out Of Our Heads – The Rolling Stones
- Almost There – Andy Williams
- Highway 61 Revisited – Bob Dylan
- Mann Made – Manfred Mann
- Look At Us – Sonny and Cher
- Everything’s Coming Up Dusty – Dusty Springfield
- All I Really Want To Do – Cher
1966: Muhammad Ali TKOs Cleveland Williams in Round 3 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1969: Apollo 12 is launched for the second manned Moon landing.
1973: The wedding of Princess Anne to Capt Mark Phillips takes place at Westminster Abbey. On the same day, eight members of the Provisional IRA are found guilty of exploding car bombs outside the Old Bailey and Scotland Yard. Also Bobby Moore makes his last appearance for England in a 1-0 defeat by Italy.
1977: Firefighters stage their first national strike over a 30% pay demand.
1983: The first cruise missile in the UK is placed at Greenham Common.
1990: Michael Heseltine challenges prime minister Margaret Thatcher’s leadership of the Conservative Party.
1991: The US demands Libyan leader Colonel Gaddafi hands over two Libyan intelligence officers indicted over the bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over the Scottish town of Lockerbie in December 1988. Abdelbaset ali Mohmed al-Megrahi and Al Amin Khalifa Fhimah would not be brought to trial for another decade.
1994: The first trains begin to run through the Channel Tunnel.
1996: Michael Jackson marries his dermatologist’s assistant Debbie Rowe in Sydney Australia. The couple divorced in 1999 with Rowe giving full custody rights of their children to Jackson with Rowe receiving an $8million settlement.
2000: Convoys of lorries and tractors converge on London and Edinburgh to mark the 60-day deadline for government action to cut fuel tax.
2001: Actress Charlotte Coleman dies aged 33 from an asthma attack.
2010: Red Bull driver Sebastian Vettel wins the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix to claim his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
2013: Boston gangster Whitey Bulger is sentenced to two consecutive life terms plus five years for his crimes.
2015: A pair of white boots worn by Elvis Presley during his famous 1968 Comeback TV Special performance are bought by a UK collector for £29,500. On the same day, actor Warren Mitchell dies aged 89.
2017: The Zimbabwe Army seizes key sites in the capital Harare following tensions over Robert Mugabe’s dismissal of vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa.
2018: An impact crater, 31km wide, from an iron meteorite is identified under the Hiawatha Glacier in Greenland. On the same day, the cabinet approves a draft plan for the UK’s exit from the European Union.
BIRTHDAYS: HRH Charles, Prince of Wales, 73; Michael Dobbs, author/politician, 73; James Young, guitarist (Styx) 72; Steven (Earl) Bishop, singer-songwriter, 70; Condoleeza Rice, former US Secretary of State, 67; Paul McGann, actor, 62; Laura San Giacomo, actress, 59; Joseph ‘Run’ Simmons, rapper (Run DMC) 55; Letitia Dean, actress, 54; Douglas Payne, bassist (Travis) 49; Josh Duhamel, actor, 49; Faye Tozer, singer (Steps) 46; Travis Barker, drummer, (Blink 182) 46; Obie Trice, rapper, 44; Olga Kurylenko, actress, 42; Russell Tovey, actor, 40; Vanessa Bayer, actress, 40; Joy Williams, singer (The Civil Wars) 39; Thomas Vermaelen, footballer, 36.