1380: King Charles VI of France crowned aged 12.
1650: Birth of William III.
1666: Samuel Pepys writes about the first blood transfusion (between dogs).
1687: Nell (Eleanor) Gwyn, mistress of Charles II, dies aged 37.
1840: Birth of French impressionist painter Claude Monet.
1851: Moby Dick by Herman Melville is first published.
1881: James Guiteau is put on trial for the assassination of US President James Garfield.
1900: Birth of composer Aaron Copeland.
1908: Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light.
1922: The BBC begins daily radio broadcasts.
1935: The Nazis deprive German Jews of their citizenship.
1940: German bombers destroy most of Coventry.
1941: British aircraft carrier the Ark Royal sank in Mediterranean, having been torpedoed by a German submarine the day before.
1954: Egyptian President Naguib resigns. A state of emergency is declared.
1966: Muhammad Ali defeats Cleveland Williams in round 3 on a TKO for the World Heavyweight title.
1969: Apollo 12 launches for the second moon landing.
1983: The first Cruise missile is placed at Greenham Common airbase in Oxfordshire.
1985: Thousands are killed when the volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupts in Colombia.
1991: Over 1,000 New Kids On The Block fans were given medical treatment after a minor riot during a concert in Berlin.
1994: The first passenger trains run in the Channel Tunnel.
1996: Michael Jackson married his dermatologist’s assistant Debbie Rowe in Sydney Australia.
2008: Eurozone officially slips into recession for the first time since its creation in 1999 along with Hong Kong.
2010: Sebastian Vettel, driving for Red Bull, wins his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
2013: Boston gangster Whitey Bulger is sentenced to two consecutive life sentences plus five years.
2015: Death of actor Warren Mitchell aged 89.
2017: The Zimbabwean Army seizes key sites in Harare following tensions over Robert Mugabe’s dismissal of vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa.
BIRTHDAYS: HRH Prince Charles, 71; James Young, musician, (Styx) 70; Condoleezza Rice, former US Secretary of State, 65; Paul McGann, actor, 60; Joseph ‘Run’ Simmons, rapper (Run DMC) 53; Letitia Dean, actress, 52; Douglas Payne, bassist, (Travis) 47; Faye Tozer, singer (Steps) 44; Travis Barker, drummer (Blink 182) 44; Joy Williams, singer, (The Civil Wars) 37.