42AD: Birth of Tiberius, second emperor of the Roman Empire
1272: Henry III dies aged 65.
1380: French King Charles VI declares no taxes forever.
1519: The city of Havana, Cuba, is moved to its current location to avoid mosquito infestations.
1532: Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captures Inca emperor Atahualpa after an ambush at Cajamarca in the Peruvian Andes.
1581: Tsar Ivan the Terrible attacks his son and heir, Ivan Ivanovich, with a sceptre after an argument leading to the younger man’s death three days later.
1669: French state funeral for Henrietta Maria, princess of France, widow of English King Charles I.
1776: British troops capture Fort Washington during the American Revolution.
1805: The Russian army stops the French at Schöngrabern during the Napoleonic Wars.
1840: New Zealand officially becomes a British colony.
1849: Russian court sentences author Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group – his sentence is later commuted to hard labour.
1894: 6,000 Armenians are massacred by Turks in Kurdistan.
1907: Oklahoma becomes the 46th state of the US.
1917: The British occupy Tel Aviv and Jaffa.
1918: Hungarian People’s Republic declared.
1919: Admiral Miklós Horthy, head of the Hungarian National Army, seizes Budapest and will later become regent of the restored Kingdom of Hungary.
1920: Qantas airways founded as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited.
1929: Al Capone is freed from Alcatraz.
1933: President Franklin D Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with the USSR.
1936: The German air force begins bombing Madrid.
1938: LSD is first synthesised by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland. It’s not until April 1943 that he becomes the first person to experience its effects. On the same day England beat Northern Ireland 7-0 in a Home International at Old Trafford with Tottenham’s Willie Hall scoring five goals including a hat trick in four minutes.
1940: The RAF bombs Hamburg in retaliation for the destruction of Coventry.
1945: Founding of UNESCO.
1948: Operation Magic Carpet begins with the first plane from Yemen carrying Jews to Israel.
1950: King Faruk demands the departure of all British troops from Eqypt.
1959: Rodgers & Hammerstein’s Sound of Music premieres at the Lunt Fontanne Theatre in New York.
1960: Outspoken TV personality Gilbert Harding, suffers a fatal heart attack as he leaves the BBC’s Broadcasting House in London. On the same day, film star Clark Gable dies aged 59.
1961: The UK limits immigration from Commonwealth countries.
1966: Cluny McPherson, inventor of the gas mask, dies aged 87.
1968: The Derry Citizens Action Committee defies a ban on marches in Derry, Northern Ireland, by marching with an estimated 15,000 people.
1969: Singles chart:
- Sugar Sugar – The Archies
- (Call Me) Number One – The Tremeloes
- Oh Well – Fleetwood Mac
- Something – The Beatles
- Return Of Django – The Upsetters
- Wonderful World Beautiful People – Jimmy Cliff
- Sweet Dream – Jethro Tull
- Nobody’s Child – Karen Young
- Ruby Don’t Take Your Love To Town – Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
- Yester-Me Yester-You Yesterday – Stevie Wonder
1971: The Compton inquiry is published, acknowledging that there was ill-treatment of internees in Northern Ireland, but rejects claims of systematic brutality or torture. Andy Warhol acolyte Edie Sedgwick dies aged 28.
1973: Skylab 4 is launched into Earth orbit.
1974: The first intentional interstellar radio message is sent from the Arecibo telescope towards M41, a cluster of stars 25,000 light years away.
1976: Seven men who took part in an £8m bank robbery in Mayfair receive jail terms totalling nearly 100 years.
1981: Australian bowler Dennis Lillee kicks Javed Miandad after he had waved his bat at him.
On the same day, US President Ronald Reagan decides on a covert plan to block Cuban aid to Nicaragua and El Salvador.
1982: Comedian Arthur Askey dies aged 82.
1983: More than 20 English football supporters are arrested in Luxembourg after a night of violence following the team’s failure to qualify for the European Championship
1985: President Reagan arrives in Geneva for a summit with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
1987: Former Clash drummer Nicky “Topper” Headon was jailed for 15 months at Maidstone Crown Court for supplying heroin to a man who later died.
1988: Benazir Bhutto wins the first free Pakistani elections in 11 years.
1994: Coronation Street actress Doris Speed dies aged 95.
1995: The Queen Mother undergoes a successful hip replacement operation.
2002: Texan multi-billionaire David Bonderman hires The Rolling Stones to play at his 60th birthday party for £4.4million. On the same day, the first case of SARS is recorded in Foshan City, Guangdong Province, China. Also, Saddam Hussein says that he had to accept UN Resolution 1441 because the United States and Israel had shown their “claws and teeth” and declared unitlateral war on the Iraqi.
2003: Lionel Messi makes his official debut for FC Barcelona in a friendly against Porto.
2008: Comedy actor Reg Varney, dies aged 91.
2009: Actor Edward Woodward dies aged 79.
2010: The engagement of Prince William and Kate Middleton is announced at Clarence House, London.
2013: Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar plays his last cricket match before retiring in Mumbai’s Wankhede Stadium against the West Indies.
2014: U2 singer Bono is involved in a bicycle accident in New York and undergoes five hours of surgery.
- The Endless River – Pink Floyd
- Sonic Highways – Foo Fighters
- X – Ed Sheeran
- In The Lonely Hour – Sam Smith
- Forever – Queen
- 1989 – Taylor Swift
- Only Human – Cheryl
- Love In Venice – Andre Rieu
- Motion – Calvin Harris
- Wanted On Voyage – George Ezra
2015: French President Francois Hollande declares the country at war with ISIS in an address to parliament. On the same day, the largest diamond discovered in more than a century, a 1,111 carat stone found in the Karowe mine, Botswana.
2018: Songwriter Scott English dies age 81 due to complications from hip surgery. On the same day, the CIA concludes Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman ordered the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
2019: Prince Andrew engages in a car crash interview with the BBC’s Emily Maitliss over his connection to millionaire sex offender Jeffrey Epstein.
BIRTHDAYS: Troy Seals, singer-songwriter, 83; Dan Penn, songwriter, 80; Colin Harvey, footballer/manager, 77; Bonnie Greer, playwright, 73; Griff Rhys Jones, comedian, 68; Marg (Mary) Helgenberger, actress, 63; Frank Bruno, boxer, 60; Gary ‘Mani’ Mounfield, bassist (Stone Roses/Primal Scream) 59; Harry Lennix, actor, 57; Diana Krall (McManus), singer/pianist, 57; Mark Benton, actor, 56; Lisa Bonet, actress, 54; Martha Plimpton, actress, 51; Missi (Andrea) Pyle, actress, 49; Christian Horner, Red Bull F1 team principal, 48; Hannah Waddingham, actress, 47; Paul Scholes, footballer, 47; Danny Wallace, satirist, 45; Maggie (Margalit) Gyllenhaal, actress, 44; Janette Manrara, dancer, 38; Gemma Atkinson, actress, 37; Big Narstie (Tyrone Lindo), rapper/TV presenter, 36; Vicky Pattison, TV personality, 34; Pete Davidson, comedian/actor, 28.