1470: Edward V is born in Westminster.
1734: Birth of American frontiersman Daniel Boone in Pennsylvania.
1755: Birth of Marie Antoinette in Vienna.
1852: Franklin Pierce is elected President of the US.
1859: Abolitionist John Brown is found guilty of murder, conspiring slaves to revolt and treason against Virginia and sentenced to hang.
1867: Fashion magazine “Harper’s Bazaar” is first published.
1880: James Garfield is elected President of the US.
1889: North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state in the United States.
1899: Boers begin the siege of Ladysmith, Natal.
1903: The Daily Mirror is first published.
1914: Britain annexes Cyprus. On the same day, Britain declares the entire North Sea a military area and Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
1917: The Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine.
1920: Warren G Harding is elected President of the US.
1924: The Sunday Express publishes the first British crossword puzzle.
1930: The Coronation of Ras Tafari Makonnen as Haile Selassie I, Emperor of the Ethopian Solmonic Dynasty.
1936: The BBC begins the world’s first regular high-definition TV broadcast service from studios at Alexandra Palace in north London.
1943: The Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed.
1944: Auschwitz concentration camp begins gassing inmates.
1947: Howard Hughes flies “Spruce Goose”, a huge wooden airplane for the first and last time.
1948: Harry Truman is re-elected as president of the US.
1950: Dramatist George Bernard Shaw dies aged 94.
1951: 6,000 British troops are flown into Egypt to quell unrest in the Suez Canal zone.
1953: Pakistan becomes an Islamic republic.
1954: BBC radio comedy “Hancock’s Half Hour” debuts starring Tony Hancock and Sid James.
1956: Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion.
1957: In Levelland, Texas, multiple witnesses report encounters with a UFO.
1959: The first section of the M1 motorway is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18.
1960: Penguin Books is cleared of obscenity for publishing D H Lawrence’s “Lady Chatterley’s Lover”.
1963: President of South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem, is overthrown and assassinated in a coup by the South Vietnamese Army.
1964: Faisal succeeds Saud as king of Saudi Arabia.
1965: Craig Breedlove driving Sonic I, breaks the land speed record with a two-run average of 555.483mph at the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah.
1967: The Beatles complete the recording of their single for the Christmas market, Hello, Goodbye with a second Paul McCartney bassline .
1968: A banned march in Derry, North Ireland, by members of the Derry Citizen’s Action Committee (DCAC) is joined by thousands – because of the number of people taking part, the Royal Ulster Constabulary is unable to prevent it.
1974: 78 die when a club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jump to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official bars the doors.
1976: Jimmy Carter is elected president of the US.
1982: Channel 4 becomes the UK’s fourth television channel. The first programme is Countdown.
1983: Michael Jackson’s album Thriller is released.
1984: Marvin Gaye’s father, The Rev Marvin Gaye Sr, is sentenced to a suspended six-year sentence and probation for the manslaughter of his son. On the same day, serial killer Velma Barfield becomes the first woman to be executed in the United States since 1962.
1986: David Jacobsen, an American held hostage in Beirut by Islamic Jihad, is released after 17 months in captivity.
- Take My Breath Away – Berlin
- Every Loser Wins – Nick Berry
- In The Army Now – Status Quo
- Walk Like An Egyptian – The Bangles
- All I Ask Of You – Cliff Richard and Sarah Brightman
- You Keep Me Hangin’ On – Kim Wilde
- Notorious – Duran Duran
- Showing Out (Get Fresh For The Weekend) – Mel and Kim
- Midas Touch – Midnight Star
- Don’t Get Me Wrong – The Pretenders
- Every Breath You Take: The Singles – The Police
- Graceland – Paul Simon
- Now Dance ’86 – Various Artists
- True Blue – Madonna
- Silk And Steel – Five Star
- Top Gun – Original Soundtrack
- Scoundrel Days – A-Ha
- Whiplash Smile – Billy Idol
- Revenge – Eurythmics
- Get Close – The Pretenders
1989: The final emotive episode of Blackadder Goes Forth is broadcast on BBC1.
1991: Australia beats England 12-6 to win the Rugby World Cup at Twickenham.
1992: Silent film producer Hal Roach dies aged 100.
1995: Former South African defence minister General Magnus Malan and 10 others are charged with the murder of 13 black people in 1987 as part of a conspiracy to create war between the African National Congress (ANC) and the Zulu Inkhata Freedom Party. All were acquitted following a trial in 1996.
1996: Unknown singer Eva Cassidy, dies of cancer aged 33. Two years after her death, her music came to the attention of British audiences and she went on to get three posthumous No 1 albums.
2000: Chief inspector of schools, Chris Woodhead, steps down, to the delight of teachers’ unions.
2002: Armed police arrested an international gang who were planning to kidnap Victoria Beckham and her sons Brooklyn and Romeo for a $5million ransom.
2004: George W Bush is re-elected as President of the US.
2007: Led Zeppelin’s eagerly-awaited reunion concert at the O2 has to be postponed when guitarist Jimmy Page breaks a finger.
2008: McLaren driver Lewis Hamilton finished fourth in the season-ending Brazilian Grand Prix to clinch his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
2014: 60 people are killed and 110 injured in a suicide bombing in Lahore, Pakistan. On the same day, jazz clarinet player Acker Bilk, dies aged 85.
2015: Death of screenwriter/actor Colin Welland aged 81.
2019: South Africa’s Springboks beat favourites England, 32-12 to win the Rugby World Cup in Yokohama, Japan.
BIRTHDAYS: Ken Rosewall, Australian tennis legend, 87; Queen Sofía, wife of King Juan Carlos of Spain, 83; Bruce Welch (Cripps), guitarist, (The Shadows), 80; Stefanie Powers, actress, 79; Kevin Hector, footballer, 77; John David Souther, singer-songwriter, 76; Dave Pegg, bassist (Fairport Convention/Jethro Tull) 74; Frankie Miller, singer, 72; Fred Fairbrass, guitar/bass, (Right Said Fred ) 65; Saïd Aouita, Moroccan athlete, 62; kd (Kathryn Dawn) Lang, singer-songwriter, 60; David Schwimmer, actor/director, 55; Reginald Arvizu, bassist (Korn) 52; Samantha Womack, actress, 49; Nelly, (Cornell Haynes Jr), singer, 42; Danny Cipriani, rugby union fly half, 34; Aimee Lou Wood, actress, 26.