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1620: The Pilgrim Fathers reach America, landing at Provincetown Harbor, Mass in The Mayflower.
1694: Birth of French writer and philospher Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet).
1695: Death of composer Henry Purcell.
1791: Colonel Napoleon Bonaparte is promoted to 1st Lieutenant and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.
1818: Russian Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine.
1898: Birth of surrealist painter René Magritte.
1906: China prohibits the opium trade.
1938: Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia and declare inhabitants to be German citizens.
1953: Authorities at the British Natural History Museum announce the “Piltdown Man” skull, one of the most famous fossil skulls in the world, is a hoax.
1955: RCA Records purchased Elvis Presley’s recording contract from Sam Phillips at Sun Records for an unprecedented $35,000.
1960: The Beatles guitarist George Harrison was deported from Germany for being too young at 17 to be in a nightclub after midnight. The band were at the time playing throughout the night at the Kaiserkeller Club in Hamburg.
1970: General Hafez al-Hassad becomes Prime Minister of Syria following a military coup.
1973: President Richard Nixon’s attorney, J Fred Buzhardt, reveals presence of an 18½ minute gap in a White House tape recording related to Watergate.
1974: 21 people are killed when IRA bombs explode at two pubs in Birmingham. On the same day, Wilson Pickett is arrested in New York for possession of a dangerous weapon after he pulled a gun during an argument.
1977: Concorde’s maiden flight from London to New York.
1980: Don Henley of The Eagles was arrested after a naked 16-year old girl was found at his home in Los Angeles suffering from a drug overdose. On the same day, 83 million Americans watch JR get shot in the TV series Dallas.
1989: TV cameras are permitted into the House of Commons.
1995: Former Led Zeppelin manager Peter Grant died from a heart attack aged 60.
2003: An acoustic guitar on which George Harrison learned to play fetched £276,000 at auction. His father originally bought the Egmond guitar for Harrison for £3.50.
2017: David Cassidy died of liver failure aged 67. On the same day, actor Rodney Bewes died aged 79.
BIRTHDAYS: Juliet Mills, actress, 78; Goldie Hawn, actress, 74; Lorna Luft, singer, 67; Liza Tarbuck, actress/broadcaster, 55; Bjork Gudmundsdottir, singer, 54; Alex James, bass player (Blur) 51; Carly Rae Jepson, singer/songwriter, 34.