It happened today – this day in history – November 22

1220: Frederick II is crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Honorius III.

1497: Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape of Good Hope on the first voyage from Europe to reach India.

1675: Charles II adjourns Parliament.

1719: The pirate Blackbeard (Edward Teach) dies in battle aged 38.

1794: Strasbourg Alsace-Lorraine, prohibits circumcision and the wearing of beards.

1819: Birth of author George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans) in Nuneaton.

1830: Earl Grey becomes Prime Minister of the UK.

1842: Mount St Helens in Washington erupts.

1862: Guiseppe Verdi’s opera “La Forza Del Destino” debuts at the Bolshoi Theatre in St. Petersburg.

1890: Birth of Charles de Gaulle in Lille, France.

1898: Aviator Wiley Post is born in Texas.

1899: Birth of songwriter Hoagland “Hoagy” Carmichael in Indiana.

1900: Paul Kruger, exiled President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles. On the same day, composer Arthur Sullivan dies aged 58.

1905: British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks the Greek island of Lesbos.

1910: Arthur Knight patents steel shaft golf clubs.

1913: Birth of composer Benjamin Britten in Lowestoft.

1914: Ypres, Belgium, is burned by German bombing.

1916: Author Jack London dies aged 40.

1918: Marshal Josef Józef Piłsudski becomes the first President (dictator) of Poland.

1922: The Labour party elects Ramsay MacDonald as leader.

1923: US President Calvin Coolidge pardons First World War German spy Lothar Witzke, who had been sentenced to death.

1924: Britain orders Egyptians out of Sudan.

1927: George Gershwin;s “Funny Face” premieres in New York.

1928: First public performance of Maurice Ravel’s “Bolero” in Paris.

1930: Elijah Muhammad forms the Nation of Islam in Detroit. On the same day, Clapton Orient – now Leyton Orient – play their first home Division 3 (South) match at their new temporary home – Wembley Stadium!

1939: Mobsters Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum kill Harry “Big Greenie” Greenberg outside his apartment after he had threatened to become a police informant.

1941: British cruiser Devonshire sinks German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis.

1942: Hitler orders Rommel’s Africa Korps to fight to the last man.

1943: France officially recognises the independence of Lebanon, releasing the imprisoned Lebanese government. On the same day, the RAF begins the air bombing of Berlin.


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1956: The Summer Olympic Games open in Melbourne, Australia.

1962: British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Perth, Australia.

1963: President John F Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas. Vice president Lyndon B Johnson is sworn in as President aboard Air Force One. On the same day, author Aldous Huxley dies aged 69. Also, author C.S. Lewis dies aged 64.

1965: Bob Dylan marries Sara Lowndes in a secret ceremony on Long Island, New York. On the same day, Muhammad Ali scores 12th-round KO of Floyd Patterson to retain his world heavyweight boxing title.

1967: The UN Security council passes resolution 242 saying Israel must give back occupied land.

1968: Northern Ireland Prime Minister, Terence O’Neill announces a package of reform measures granting concessions to the Catholic minority, in response to protest movement.

1971: Five teenagers and their female instructor die in one of Scotland’s worst mountaineering accidents in the Cairngorms. On the same day, a member of the IRA is killed in a premature bomb explosion in Lurgan, Co Armagh.

1974: The UN General Assembly recognises Palestine’s right to sovereignty.

1975: Juan Carlos is proclaimed King of Spain as the monarchy is restored after 31 years. On the same day, three British Army soldiers are killed and one captured when the Provisional IRA attacks a watchtower in Drummuckavall, South Armagh.

1980: Film star Mae West dies aged 87.

1986: At 20-years old, Mike Tyson becomes the youngest heavyweight champion in history when he stops Trevor Berbick in round 2 at the Las Vegas Hilton to earn the WBC title.

1987: Jesus and Mary Chain singer Jim Reid is arrested in Canada after being accused of assaulting members of the audience with his microphone stand.

Singles chart:

  1. China In Your Hand – T’Pau
  2. Got My Mind Set On You – George Harrison
  3. Whenever You Need Somebody – Rick Astley
  4. Never Can Say Goodbye – The Communards
  5. So Emotional – Whitney Houston
  6. (I’ve Had) The Time Of My Life – Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes
  7. My Baby Just Cares For Me – Nina Simone
  8. Criticize – Alexander O’Neal
  9. Here I Go Again – Whitesnake
  10. Letter From America – The Proclaimers
1987: T’Pau – Bridge Of Spies

Album chart:

  1. Whenever You Need Somebody – Rick Astley
  2. Bridge Of Spies – T’Pau
  3. The Best Of: Volume 1 – UB40
  4. All The Best – Paul McCartney
  5. You Can Dance – Madonna
  6. Tango In The Night – Fleetwood Mac
  7. The Singles – The Pretenders
  8. Faith – George Michael
  9. Floodland – Sisters of Mercy
  10. Best Shots – Pat Benatar

1990: Margaret Thatcher stands down as prime minister after her cabinet refuses to back her in a second round of leadership elections. On the same day, President George Bush Sr visits US troops in Saudi Arabia.

1993: Author Anthony Burgess dies aged 76.

1995: Britain’s most prolific female serial killer, Rosemary West, is sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of 10 young women and girls.

1996: Photographer Terence Donovan commits suicide aged 60.

1997: INXS singer Michael Hutchence is found dead aged 37 in his hotel room in Sydney, Australia.

2003: England win the Rugby World Cup, beating Australia 20-17 in Sydney thanks to a Johnny Wilkinson drop goal in extra time. On the same day, in Tbilisi, Georgia, opponents of President Eduard Shevardnadze seize the parliament building and demand his resignation.

2004: Ozzy Osbourne struggles with a burglar who escapes with jewellery worth about £2m from his Buckinghamshire mansion.

2005: Angela Merkel is sworn in as Germany’s first woman chancellor.

2007: The day after England’s hopes of qualifying for Euro 2008 ended with a 3-2 defeat against Croatia at a soggy Wembley, England boss Steve McClaren is christened the ‘Wally with a brolly’ in the national press and sacked by the FA after just 18 matches in charge.

2016: Braintree Town striker Simeon Akinola travels to Bromley for a Vanarama National League match without realising the game is at home.

2017: Ratko Mladic the “Butcher of Bosnia” is convicted of genocide and other atrocities during the Bosnian war and jailed for life in The Hague.

2019: In a hard hitting speech to the Anti-Defamation League summit, actor/comedian Sacha Baron Cohen says if Facebook had existed in the 1930s it would have run Hitler’s ads on his “solution to the Jewish problem.”

2020: The G20 virtual two-day summit ends with a pledge to ensure affordable access to vaccines for all.

BIRTHDAYS: Terry Gilliam, director/animator, 81; Tom Conti, actor, 80; Bille Jean King, tennis legend, 78; Tina Weymouth, bassist (Talking Heads/Tom Tom Club) 71; Steven Van Zandt, actor/guitarist (The E Street Band) 71; Jamie Lee Curtis, actress, 63; Frank McAvennie, footballer, 62; Mariel Hemingway, actress, 60; Tony Mowbray, football manager, 58; Mads Mikkelsen, actor, 56; Mark Ruffalo, actor, 54; Boris Becker, tennis star, 54; Karen O (Orzolek), singer, (Yeah Yeah Yeahs) 43; Scarlett Johansson, actress, 37; Oscar Pistorius, athlete, 35; Marouane Fellaini, footballer, 34; Chris Smalling, footballer, 32; Dacre Montgomery, actor, 27; Katherine McNamara, actress, 26; Hailey Bieber, model, 25.