1675: Charles II adjourns Parliament.
1718: Death of the pirate Blackbeard (Edward Teach) in battle.
1830: Earl Charles Grey becomes Prime Minister of the UK.
1842: Mount St Helens in Washington erupts.
1922: The Labour Party elects Ramsay MacDonald as leader of the party.
1924: Britain orders Egyptians out of Sudan.
1928: Maurice Ravel’s Bolero receives its first public performance in Paris.
1930: Elijah Muhammad forms the Nation of Islam in Detroit.
1942: Hitler orders Rommel’s Africa Korps to fight to the last man.
1943: The RAF begins bombing Berlin.
1963: President John F Kennedy is assassinated while driving through Dallas in a motorcade. Vice President Lyndon B Johnson is sworn in as president aboard Air Force One. On the same day, author Aldous Huxley dies aged 69 and author C S Lewis dies aged 64.
1965: Bob Dylan married Sara Lowndes in a secret ceremony during a break in his tour. On the same day, Cassius Clay wins his second world heavyweight title defence with a 12th round KO of Floyd Patterson.
1975: Juan Carlos I is proclaimed King of Spain as the monarchy is restored after 31 years.
1980: Death of veteran star Mae (Mary Jane) West aged 87.
1986: At 20 years-old, Mike Tyson becomes the youngest ever world heavyweight boxing champion when he stops Trevor Berbick in the second round at the Las Vegas Hilton.
1987: Jesus and Mary Chain singer Jim Reid was arrested in Canada after being accused of assaulting members of the audience with his microphone stand.
1990: Margaret Thatcher resigns as Prime Minister.
1995: Rose West is found guilty of killing 10 women.
1997: INXS singer Michael Hutchence was found dead in his hotel suite in Sydney.
2005: Angel Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany.
2017: Ratko Mladic the “Butcher of Bosnia” is convicted of genocide and other atrocities during the Bosnian war and jailed for life in The Hague.
BIRTHDAYS: Terry Gilliam, director/animator, 79; Tom Conti, actor, 78; Billie Jean King, tennis legend, 76; Tina Weymouth (Martina Michèle Frantz), musician (Talking Heads), 69; Steven Van Zandt, musician/actor (E Street Band) 69; Jamie Lee Curtis, actress, 61; Mads Mikkelsen, actor, 54; Boris Becker, tennis legend, 52; Mark Ruffalo, actor, 52; Karen O (Karen Lee Orzolek), singer (Yeah Yeah Yeahs), 41; Scarlett Johansson, actress, 35; Marouane Fellaini, footballer, 32.