1476: Vlad III Dracula defeats Basarab Laiota with the help of Stephen the Great and Stephen V Bathory and becomes the ruler of Wallachia for the third time.
1688: Louis XIV of France declares war on The Netherlands. On the same day, James II escapes back to London.
1778: Captain James Cook is the first European to visit Maui in the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii).
1901: Italy and Britain sign an agreement fixing the frontier between their colonies of Eritrea and Sudan in East Africa.
1914: Battleship HMS Bulwark explodes at Sheerness Harbour, killing 788.
1916: Greece declares war on Germany. On the same day, US President Woodrow Wilson declares that “the business of neutrality is over. The nature of modern war leaves no state untouched”.
1922: Howard Carter opens Tutankhamun’s virtually intact tomb in Egypt.
1924: The Mongolian People’s Republic is proclaimed.
1941: General Alan Cunningham is relieved of command of British 8th Army in North Africa. Meanwhile, British troops conquer Belhamed, Sidi Rezegh & El Duda. On the same day, a Japanese naval carrier force leaves its base and moves east toward Pearl Harbour, Hawaii.
1942: The film Casablanca, starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman premieres in New York.
1944: SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler orders the destruction of Auschwitz and Birkenau crematoria.
1948: The first polaroid camera is sold in Boston, Mass.
1950: China enters the Korean conflict and sends troops across the Yalu River.
1953: Peers back the Government’s proposals for commercial television despite fierce opposition from some rebels who fear the influence of advertisers.
1954: The test cricket debut of England’s Colin Cowdrey v Australia at The Gabba.
- This Ole House – Rosemary Clooney
- My Son My Son – Vera Lynn
- If I Give My Heart To You – Joan Regan
- Hold My Hand – Don Cornell
- Smile – Nat King Cole
- Santo Natale – David Whitfield
- No One But You – Bily Eckstine
- This Ole House – Billie Anthony
- Let’s Have Another Party – Winifred Atwell
- Rain Rain Rain – Frankie Laine and the Four Lads
1956: Sprinter Betty Cuthbert of Australia wins the Women’s 100m gold medal in 11.5sec at the Melbourne Olympics. On the same day, bandleader Tommy Dorsey dies aged 51.
1961: Album chart:
- Another Black And White Minstrel Show – The George Mitchell Minstrels
- Something For Everybody – Elvis Presley
- The Black And White Minstrel Show – The George Mitchell Minstrels
- The Shadows – The Shadows
- South Facific – Original Soundtrack
- 21 Today – Cliff Richard
- Oliver – Original London Cast
- That’ll Be The Day – Buddy Holly
- Best Of Barber And Bilk Vol 2 – Chris Barber ad Acker Bilk
- Sound Of Music – Original London Cast
1968: The new Race Relations Act makes it illegal to refuse housing, employment or public services to people because of their ethnicity. On the same day, Cream play their farewell concert at the Royal Albert Hall, London.
1972: Eight armed men try to rescue IRA hunger striker Sean MacStiofain from a Dublin hospital.
1973: Songwriter John Rostill, former bassist with The Shadows, dies after being electrocuted at his home recording studio. On the same day, President Richard Nixon’s personal secretary Rose Mary Woods, tells a federal court she accidentally caused part of the 18½ minute gap in a key Watergate tape.
1975: A US Federal jury finds Manson family member Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme guilty of the attempted assassination of President Gerald Ford.
1976: Kevin Godley and Lol Creme leave 10cc. On the same day, the Sex Pistols seminal single Anarchy In The UK is released.
1977: A character calling himself ‘Vrillon’, claiming to be the representative of the ‘Ashtar Galactic Command’, takes over Southern Television for six minutes from 5:12pm. The culprit – if indeed it was a hoax – has never come forward.
1979: The International Olympic Committee votes to readmit China after 21 years.
1983: An armed gang carries out Britain’s largest-ever robbery – £26million in gold, diamonds and cash – from the Brinks Mat warehouse at Heathrow Airport.
1984: The US and Iraq re-establish diplomatic relations.
1985: Random House buys Richard Nixon’s memoires for $3,000,000.
1988: Russian cosmonauts aboard Soyuz 7 take a cassette copy (minus the case for weight reasons) of the Pink Floyd album Delicate Sound Of Thunder and plays it in orbit, making Floyd the first rock band to be played in space.
1990: Mikhail Gorbachev tells Iraq to get out of Kuwait.
1991: The first FA Cup tie to be decided on penalties is the First Round tie between Rotherham and Scunthorpe at Millmoor which Rotherha win 7-6.
1992: The Queen agrees to pay income tax from the following year. On the same day, Manchester United sign Eric Cantona from Leeds United for £1.2million.
1998: Tony Blair becomes the first Prime Minister of the UK to address the Republic of Ireland’s parliament.
2000: Manchester club The Hacienda is auctioned off, raising £18,000 for charity.
2003: Rapper Soulja Slim is fatally shot in front of his home in New Orleans aged 25. On the same day, India accepts Pakistan’s offer of a ceasefire in Kashmir. Also, Concorde makes its last ever flight, returning to Bristol.
2008: The parents of missing Manic Street Preachers guitarist and lyricist Richey Edwards are granted a court order for him to be declared presumed dead. On the same day, ten coordinated attacks by Pakistan-based terrorists kill 164 and injure more than 250 people in Mumbai, India.
2011: NATO forces in Afghanistan attack a Pakistani checkpoint in a friendly fire incident, killing 24 soldiers and wounding 13 others.
2012: 10 children are killed and 15 people are injured after a Syrian government jet drops a cluster bomb on a playground.
2016: Punk memorabilia said to be worth £5m was set on fire in the middle of the River Thames in London. Joe Corre, son of Sex Pistols manager Malcolm McLaren and fashion designer Dame Vivienne Westwood, burnt the items on the 40th anniversary of the release of Anarchy In The UK, saying that “punk was never meant to be nostalgic”.
2018: Ukraine declares martial law in areas bordering Russia three of its naval vessels are seized. On the same day, director Bernardo Bertolucci dies aged 77.
2019: Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies aged 59 after a fall.
BIRTHDAYS: Tina Turner, (Annie Mae Bullock), singer, 82; Amos Garrett, guitarist, 80; John McVie, bassist, (Fleetwood Mac) 76; Julien Temple, director, 69; Hilary Benn, politician, 68; Des Walker, footballer, 56; DJ Khaled (Khaled Mohamed Khaled) DJ, 46; Natasha Bedingfield, singer, 40; Rita Ora, singer/actress, 31; Danny Welbeck, footballer, 31; Aaron Wan Bissaka, footballer, 24.