8BC: Roman poet Horace dies aged 56.
1295: Edward I calls what later became known as “The Model Parliament” extending the authorities of its representatives.
1382: The French army defeats the Flemish army at the Battle of Westrozebeke, Flemish leader Philip Van Artevelde is killed and his corpse displayed.
1493: Christopher Columbus returns to La Navidad colony, finding it destroyed by the 1st native American uprising against Spanish rule.
1495: Scottish king James IV receives Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the English throne.
1701: Astronomer Anders Celsius is born in Sweden.
1807: The Portuguese Royal Family and its court of nearly 15,000 people leave Lisbon for Brazil to escape Napoleon’s invading troops.
1826: John Walker invents the friction match in England.
1868: General George A Custer’s troops attack a group of Native American Indians at Washita River, Oklahoma, killing their chief Black Kettle.
1895: Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel establishes the Nobel Prize in his will.
1896: “Also Sprach Zarathustra” by Richard Strauss debuts in Frankfurt.
1901: Prince Ito of Japan goes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain.
1912: The Albanian National Flag is adopted.
1919: Composer Ignacy Jan Paderewski resigns as Polish Prime Minister.
1926: Italy and Albania sign a peace treaty.
1932: Poland and the USSR sign a non-aggression treaty.
1934: Bank robber Baby Face Nelson (Lester Gillis) is killed in a shoot-out with the FBI.
1941: British 13th Army Corps reaches Tobruk. On the same day, the USSR begins a counter offensive, causing Germany to retreat.
1942: The French navy at Toulon scuttles its ships and submarines so the Nazis can’t seize them. On the same day, Jimi Hendrix is born in Seattle.
1944: 4,000 shells detonate in an RAF arms depot at Fauld, near Stoke-on-Trent, destroying the village of Hanbury and killing at least 70 people.
1951: Ceasefire and demarcation zone accord signed in Panmunjon, Korea.
1953: Playwright Eugene O’Neill dies of cerebellar cortical atrophy at 65.
1956: American Al Oerter wins his first of four consecutive men’s discus gold medals at the Melbourne Olympics.
1958: The USSR abrogates Allied war-time agreements on the control of Germany.
1960: Dr Felix Houphouet-Boigny becomes president of the Ivory Coast.
1961: The RAF begins airlifting supplies to desperate flood victims in Somalia.
1962: The first test flight of the Boeing 727.
1965: Up to 25,000 people demonstrate in Washington D.C. against the war in Vietnam.
1967: French President, Charles de Gaulle, vetoes Britain’s application to join the Common Market for a second time.
1970: Pope Paul VI is wounded in the chest during a visit to Philippines by a dagger-wielding Bolivian painter disguised as a priest.
1971: Soviet Mars 2 becomes the first spacecraft to crash land on Mars. On the same day, two customs officials are shot by an IRA sniper firing upon a British Army patrol investigating a bomb attack on a customs post near Newry, Co Armagh.
1975: BBC TV presenter and co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records, Ross McWhirter, is shot dead by the Provisional IRA outside his home in north London after a press conference where he had announced a reward for the capture of those responsible for multiple bombings and shootings across England.
1978: San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and supervisor Harvey Milk are assassinated by former supervisor Dan White at City Hall.
1980: Playwright Harold Pinter marries writer and historian Lady Antonia Frazer.
1981: Actress/singer Lotte Lenya dies aged 83.
1982: Yasuhiro Nakasone is elected Prime Minister of Japan, succeeding Zenko Suzuki.
1983: A Colombian Boeing 747 crashes in Madrid killing 181.
- Uptown Girl – Billy Joel
- Love Of The Common People – Paul Young
- Say Say Say – Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson
- Calling Your Name – Marilyn
- Hold Me Now – The Thompson Twins
- Never Ever – The Assembly
- Let’s Stay Together – Tina Turner
- Cry Just A Little Bit – Shakin Stevens
- Only You – The Flying Pickets
- Right By Your Side – Eurythmics
- Seven And The Ragged Tiger – Duran Duran
- Under A Blood Red Sky – U2
- Colour By Numbers – Culture Club
- Stages – Elaine Paige
- No Parlez – Paul Young
- Thriller – Michael Jackson
- Chart Hits 83 Volumes 1 and 2 – Various Artists
- Can’t Slow Down – Lionel Ritchie
- Back To Back – Status Quo
- Fantastic – Wham!
1985: The Liverpool district Labour Party is suspended by the national leadership after allegations that the socialist group Militant Tendency is operating within it.
1990: John Major wins the Conservative leadership contest and becomes prime minister.
1994: A fire in a disco in Fuxin, northern China kills 233 people.
2000: 10-year-old schoolboy Damilola Taylor dies after being stabbed in the leg by a gang of hooded attackers near his home in Peckham.
2001: A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extra-solar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope, the first atmosphere detected on an extra-solar planet.
2005: The first partial human face transplant is completed on Isabelle Dinoire in Amiens, France. On the same day, Tony Meehan drummer with The Shadows died aged 62 from head injuries sustained in a fall at his London flat in Maida Vale.
2006: Actress Pamela Anderson divorces rapper Kid Rock after only four months of marriage. On the same day, actress Selma Blair divorces Ahmet Zappa after two years.
2011: Wales football manager Gary Speed commits suicide at 42. On the same day, Red Bull driver Sebastian Vettel finishes second in the season-ending Brazilian Grand Prix to retain his Formula 1 World Drivers Championship. Also, film director Ken Russell dies aged 84.
2012: The Eurozone announces that it will make loans of €43.7 billion to Greece.
2015: Author P.D. James, Baroness James of Holland Park, dies aged 94.
2016: Mercedes driver Nico Rosberg clinches his only Formula 1 World Driver’s Championship with victory in the season ending Abu Dhabi Grand Prix. He then announces his shock retirement from F1.
2017: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle announce their engagement.
BIRTHDAYS: John Alderton, actor, 80; Randy Brecker, trumpeter, 75; Kathryn Bigelow, director, 69; Daryl Stuermer, guitarist, 68; Stephen Bannon, political advisor, 67; Curtis Armstrong, actor, 67; Charlie Burchill, guitarist, (Simple Minds) 61; Mike Bordin, drummer (Faith No More) 58; Fisher Stevens, actor/director, 57; Roberto Mancini, football manager, 55; Mike Skinner, singer, songwriter (The Streets) 42; Gary Lucy, actor, 39; Professor Green (Stephen Manderson) rapper, 37; Alison Pill, actress, 35.