1530: Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, advisor to Henry VIII, dies just before facing trial for treason.
1643: Composer Claudio Monteverdi dies aged 76.
1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie’s Jacobite army moves into Manchester and occupies Carlisle.
1775: Sir James Jay invents invisible ink.
1812: Napoleon’s Grand Army crosses the Berezina River in retreat from Russia.
1830: An armed rebellion begins against Russian rule in Poland.
1832: Author Louisa May Alcott is born in Pennsylvania.
1864: Colorado militia kills about 150 peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians including Cheyenne chief One-Eye at the Sand Creek Massacre.
1870: Compulsory education is proclaimed in England.
1877: Thomas Edison demonstrates his hand-cranked phonograph for the first time.
1897: The first motorcycle race takes place in Surrey.
1898: Author C.C. Lewis is born in Belfast.
1900: General Horatio Kitchener assumes command of the British forces in South Africa.
1910: The first US patent for a traffic lights system is issued to Ernest Sirrine.
1916: The US declares martial law in the Dominican Republic.
1918: Serbia annexes Montenegro.
1924: Death of Italian composer Giacomo Puccini aged 65.
1926: W Somerset Maugham’s “The Constant Wife” premieres in New York.
1932: France and the USSR sign a non-aggression pact. On the same day, Cole Porter’s musical “The Gay Divorcee” premieres in New York.
1935: Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his famous thought experiment “Schrödinger’s cat”, a paradox that illustrates the problem of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics.
1939: The USSR drops diplomatic relations with Finland.
1944: Albania is liberated from Nazi control.
1945: The Yugoslavian Socialist Republic is proclaimed.
1947: The UN General Assembly partitions Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
1952: President-elect Dwight Eisenhower visits Korea to assess the war.
1956: Panic-buying breaks out at garages across the country as the government gives details of its petrol rationing plans. On the same day, Chris Brasher becomes the first Briton to win an Olympic gold medal in track and field since 1936 with the 3,000m Steeplechase at the Melbourne Olympics.
1962: Britain and France agree to jointly build the Concorde supersonic airliner.
- Lovesick Blues – Frank Ifield
- Swiss Maid – Del Shannon
- Bobby’s Girl – Susan Maughan
- Let’s Dance – Chris Montez
- Devil Woman – Marty Robbins
- Dance With The Guitar Man – Duane Eddy
- Venus In Blue Jeans – Mark Wynter
- Sun Arise – Rolf Harris
- Telstar – The Tornados
- The Locomotion – Little Eva
1963: More than 100 people are killed when a Canadian jet crashes into a field minutes after take-off from Montreal. On the same day, I Want To Hold Your Hand by The Beatles is released in the UK with advanced orders already past the million mark. Also, US President Lyndon B Johnson sets up the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of John F Kennedy.
1967: British troops withdraw from Aden and South Yemen.
1972: Co founder of Atari, Nolan Bushnell, releases Pong, the first commercially successful video game.
1975: Racing driver Graham Hill is killed when the small plane he is travelling in crashes in Hertfordshire. On the same day, the volcano Kilauea erupts in Hawaii.
1976: Lancaster Council cancels the Sex Pistols gig at Lancaster Polytechnic, saying: “We don’t want that sort of filth in the town limits”.
1981: Actress Natalie Wood (Natasha Gurdin) drowns aged 43 in mysterious circumstances.
1985: A young family of four and their neighbour are killed in a gas explosion in a block of flats in Glasgow.
1986: Film star Cary Grant (Archibald Leach) dies aged 82.
1989: Rajiv Gandhi resigns as Prime Minister of India after losing national elections.
1990: The UN Security Council approves US-sponsored resolution authorizing the use of force in the Persian Gulf if Iraq does not withdrawal from Kuwait by Jan. 15, 1991.
1993: The government comes under attack in the Commons over revelations that it has had secret contact with the IRA.
1999: The Northern Ireland Assembly meets to appoint 10 members to the power sharing executive, bringing devolution a step closer.
2001: George Harrison dies from cancer in a house owned by Paul McCartney in California.
2009: Album chart:
- I Dreamed A Dream – Susan Boyle
- JLS – JLS
- The End – Black Eyed Peas
- Absolute Greatest – Queen
- Echo – Leona Lewis
- Crazy Love – Michael Buble
- The Fame – Lady Gaga
- Up To Now – Snow Patrol
- Reality Killed The Video Star – Robbie Williams
- The Hits – Will Young
2015: The British tennis team wins the Davis Cup for the first time since 1936.
2017: Bosnian war criminal Slobodan Praljak commits suicide by poison in court at The Hague after 20 year prison term read out.
2019: A terrorist knife attack at Fishmongers Hall by London Bridge, kills two and injures three.
BIRTHDAYS: John Mayall, musician, 87; Diane Ladd (Ladner), actress, 85; Chuck Mangione, flugelhorn player, 80, Felix Cavaliere, singer-songwriter/musician (The Young Rascals) 76; Joel Coen, filmmaker, 66; Howie Mandel, comedian, 65; Jennifer Batten, guitarist, 63; Cathy Moriarty, actress, 60; Andrew McCarthy, actor, 58; Don Cheadle, actor, 56; Ryan Giggs, football manager, 47; Anna Faris, actress, 44; Lauren German, actress, 42; Simon Amstell, comedian/writer, 41; Gemma Chan, actress, 38.