1530: Death of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, adviser and Lord Chancellor to Henry VIII, just before facing a trial for treason.
1643: Death of composer Claudio Monteverdi aged 76.
1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie’s army occupies Carlisle.
1864: Colorado militia kills about 150 peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians at the Sand Creek Massacre.
1870: Compulsory education is proclaimed in England.
1877: Thomas Edison demonstrates his hand-cranked phonograph for the first time.
1897: The first motorcycle race takes place in Surrey.
1898: Birth of author C S Lewis in Belfast.
1900: General Horatio Kitchener assumes command of the British forces in South Africa.
1918: Serbia annexes Montenegro.
1924: Death of composer Giacomo Puccini aged 65.
1935: Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his thought experiment “Schrödinger’s cat”, a paradox that illustrates the problem of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics.
1939: The USSR cuts off diplomatic relations with Finland.
1944: Albania is liberated from the Nazis.
1952: US President elect Dwight D Eisenhower visits Korea to assess the war.
1961: Following the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion CIA Director Allen Dulles resigns.
1962: Britain and France agree to jointly build the Concorde supersonic plane.
1963: I Want To Hold Your Hand by The Beatles was released in the UK. For the first time ever advanced orders passed the 1 million mark before it was even released. On the same day, President Lyndon B Johnson sets up the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of John F Kennedy.
1967: British troops withdraw from Aden and South Yemen.
1976: Lancaster Council cancels a Sex Pistols gig at Lancaster Poly saying in a statement: “We don’t want that sort of filth in the town limits.”
1981: Actress Natalie Wood drowns after falling from a boat owned by husband Robert Wagner off Catalina Island.
1986: Death of actor Cary Grant (Archibald Leach) aged 82.
1994: Great Train Robber turned flower seller Buster Edwards is found hanged.
2001: George Harrison died at a home owned by Paul McCartney in LA of lung cancer aged 58.
2015: Tyson Fury defeats Ukrainian Wladimir Klitschko to win the world heavyweight champion title (WBA, IBF, WBO) in Dusseldorf. On the same day, Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton wins his third Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
2017: American TV host Matt Lauer is fired from NBC’s “Today” show after an allegation of sexual misconduct. On the same day, Bosnian war criminal Slobodan Praljak commits suicide by poison in court at The Hague after being sentenced to a 20-year prison term.
BIRTHDAYS: John Mayall, musician, 86; Chuck Mangione, musician, 79; Joel Cohen, director, 65; Jennifer Batten, guitarist, 62; Andrew McCarthy, actor, 57; Don Cheadle, actor, 55; Ryan Giggs, Wales football team manager, 46; Anna Faris, actress, 43; Chadwick Boseman, actor, 43; Simon Amstell, comedian, 40; Gemma Chan, actress, 37.