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1394: Jews are expelled from France by Charles VI.
1493: Christopher Columbus discovers the island of Dominica.
1534: Parliament passes the Act of Supremacy, making Henry VIII and subsequent monarchs head of the Church of England.
1640: Formation of the ‘Long Parliament’.
1752: Composer George Frederick Handel undergoes an eye operation, which ois not successful.
1762: Spain acquires Louisiana. On the same day, Britain and Spain sign the Treaty of Paris.
1783: Murderer John Austin is the last person to be publicly hanged at London’s Tyburn gallows.
1793: French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
1796: John Quincy Adams is elected as second president of the US.
1868: Ulysses S Grant wins the US presidential election.
1896: William McKinley is elected president of the US.
1899: World heavyweight boxing champion James J Jeffries retains his title, beating Tom Sharkey on points in 25 rounds.
1903: Colombia grants independence to Panama.
1908: William Howard Taft is elected 27th president of the US.
1913: The first modern elastic bra is patented by New York socialite Mary Phelps Jacob.
1918: Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. On the same day, Poland declares its independence from Russia.
1926: Death of legendary sharp shooter Annie Oakley.
1936: US president Franklin D Roosevelt wins a second term in office.
1954: Death of painter and sculptor Henri Matisse aged 84.
1958: Elvis Presley went on manoeuvres for the first time with the US Army’s 32nd Tank Regiment near the German, Czech border.
1964: Lyndon B Johnson is elected president of the US.
1967: Filming for The Beatles film Magical Mystery Tour was completed, finishing with a sequence at Ringo’s country house in Weybridge, Surrey.
1968: Lotus driver Graham Hill wins his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1970: Marxist Salvador Allende is inaugurated as President of Chile.
1972: James Taylor and Carly Simon were married by a judge in Simon’s Manhattan apartment.
1985: McLaren driver Alain Prost wins the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1991: Ayrton Senna wins his third Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1992: Bill Clinton is elected president of the US.
1993: Russian inventor Leon Theremin died. Most famous for his invention of the theremin, one of the first electronic musical instruments.
1998: Death of Batman creator Bob Kane aged 83.
2002: Lonnie Donegan, dies mid-way through a UK tour.
BIRTHDAYS: Gerd Muller, former footballer, 75; Lulu (Marie Lawrie) singer, 71; Larry Holmes, former World Heavyweight Boxing champion,70; Anna Wintour, editor of US Vogie magazine, 70; Roseanne Barr, comedienne, 67; Kate Capshaw, actress, 66; Adam Ant (Stuart Goddard) singer, 65; Dolph Lundgren, actor, 62; Ian McNabb, musician (Icicle Works) 57; Marilyn (Peter Robinson) singer, 57; Ian Wright, football pundit, 56; Steven Wilson, musician/producer, 52; Dylan Moran, comedian/actor, 48; Mick Thomson, musician (Slipknot) 46; Ben Fogle, broadcaster, 46; Nemone Metaxas, broadcaster, 46; Kendall Jenner, model/TV personality, 24.