1605: Catholic conspirator Guy Fawkes ttempts to blow up King James I and the British Parliament.
1789: French National Meeting declares all citizens equal under law.
1846: Schumann’s 2nd Symphony in C premieres.
1854: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 at Inkerman in the Crimean War.
1872: Ulysses S Grant is re-elected as US President.
1912: Woodrow Wilson is elected president of the US.
1913: Ludwig III is crowned king of Bavaria.
1914: Britain declares war on Turkey and annexes Cyprus.
1916: Emperors Wilhelm I (Germany) and Franz Jozef I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland.
1932: Mussolini frees 16,000 convicts in Italy.
1935: Launch of the board game Monopoly.
1937: Adolph Hitler informs his military leaders in a secret meeting of his intentions of going to war .
1940: Franklin D Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States for an unprecedented third term.
1943: The Vatican is bombed by an unknown source.
1946: John F Kennedy is elected to the US House of Representatives.
1956: Death of jazz pianist Art Tatum.
1960: Country & western singer Johnny Horton was killed in a car crash.
1967: Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees was a passenger on a train which crashed in South East London in England killing 49 people and injuring 78.
1968: Richard Nixon is elected as President of the US.
1971: Bolivia passes the death penalty for political kidnapping.
1977: The manager of the Virgin record store in Nottingham, was arrested for displaying a large poster advertising the new Sex Pistols album, ‘Never Mind The Bo****ks Here’s The Sex Pistols’.
1982: The Tube is shown on Channel 4 for the first time, presented by Paula Yates and Jools Holland.
1986: Bobby Nunn of The Coasters died of heart failure.
1989: McLaren driver Alain Prost wins the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1991: Billionaire publisher Robert Maxwell drowns after falling off his luxury yacht near the Canary Islands.
1992: Bobby Fisher defeats Boris Spassky to win revenge Chess title in Belgrade.
1994: George Foreman wins the boxing World Heavyweight Championship at age 45.
1995: André Dallaire attempts to assassinate Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien; he is thwarted when the PM’s wife locks the door.
1996: Bill Clinton is re-elected President of the US.
1998: Morrissey lost an appeal ruling that all profits from The Smiths should have been split equally and faced a backdated payout to former band drummer Mike Joyce estimated at £1million.
2000: Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie is laid to rest 25 years after his death after a funeral procession through Addis Ababa.
2003: Bobby Hatfield of The Righteous Brothers was found dead in a hotel room in Michigan 30 minutes before he was due on stage, aged 63. The autopsy report concluded that Hatfield had suffered sudden, unexpected death due to acute cocaine toxicity.
2005: Guitarist Link Wray dies aged 76.
2006: Saddam Hussein, Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for their role in the massacre of Shi’as in 1982.
2009: US Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan (US Army Medical Corps) killed 13 and wounded 43 at Fort Hood, Texas, in the largest mass shooting ever at a US military installation.
2017: The bodies of 26 migrant teenage girls are recovered from the Mediterranean, another 400 migrants are rescued.
BIRTHDAYS: Lester Piggott, former jockey, 84; Art Garfunkel, singer/actor, 78; Peter Hammill, musician (Van der Graaf Generator) 71; Kris Jenner, TV personality, 64; Bryan Adams, musician,60; Tilda (Katherine Matilda) Swinton, actress, 59; Tatum O’Neal, actress, 56; Famke Janssen, actress, 54; Sam Rockwell, actor, 51; Tamzin Outhwaite, actress, 49; Jonny Greenwood, musician (Radiohead) 48; Daniella Westbrook, actress, 46; Ryan Adams, musician, 45; Lisa Scott-Lee, singer (Steps) 44; Bubba Watson, golfer, 41; Kasper Schmeichel, footballer, 33; Kevin Jonas, musician 32; Virat Kohli, cricketer, 31