1528: Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first known European to set foot in Texas.
1844: Spain grants independence to the Dominican Republic.
1860: Abraham Lincoln is elected President of the US.
1861: Jefferson Davis becomes US Confederate President. On the same day James Naismith, inventor of basketball, is born.
1893: Death of composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaivoksky from suspected cholera at age 53.
1913: Mahatma Gandhi is arrested for leading an Indian miners’ march in South Africa.
1917: The Bolshevik revolution begins in Russia with the bombardment of the Winter Palace in Petrograd.
1928: Herbert Hoover is elected President of the US.
1941: Nazis kill 12,000 Jews in the Minsk ghetto.
1962: Saudi Arabia announces the abolition of slavery.
1965: Death of composer Edgard Varese, pioneer of musique concrete and inspiration of Frank Zappa, aged 81.
1967: In just three hours Bob Dylan recorded ‘All Along The Watchtower’ and ‘John Wesley Harding’ at Columbia Recording Studios in Nashville. On the same day, at Abbey Road studios in London, The Beatles and producer George Martin mixed four songs, ‘Hello Goodbye’, ‘Your Mother Should Know’, ‘Magical Mystery Tour’ and ‘I Am the Walrus’. Due to the radio feed used in ‘I Am the Walrus’ being recorded in mono, the song changes from stereo to mono at the line: “Sitting in an English garden”.
1972: Billy Murcia of The New York Dolls died after choking on his coffee after an overdose of Mandrax while the band was on a UK tour.
1975: The Sex Pistols made their live debut as a support act at St Martin’s School Of Art. Their set lasted 10 minutes.
1978: The Shah of Iran places Iran under military rule.
1979: Ayatollah Khomeini becomes ruler of Iran.
1991: Russian President Boris Yeltsin outlaws the Communist Party.
1993: Evander Holyfield beats Riddick Bowe for the boxing World Heavyweight title.
1996: Death of football legend Tommy Lawton aged 80.
1999: Australians vote to keep the British monarch as their head of state in the Australian republic referendum.
2012: Barack Obama is re-elected as US President.
BIRTHDAYS: P J Proby (James Marcus Smith) singer, 81; Sally Field, actress, 73; Jim Rosenthal, sports presenter, 72; Nigel Havers, actor, 70; Chris Glen, bassist (The Sensational Alex Harvey Band) 69; Ethan Hawke, actor/author, 49; Thandie (Melanie Thandiwe) Newton, actress, 47; Nell (Tracey Jane) McAndrew, former model, 46; Emma (Emily) Stone, actress, 31.