1492: Henry VII of England and Charles VIII of France sign the Peace of Etaples.
1520: King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden executes Swedish nobles.
1541: Henry VIII’s 17-year old fifth wife, Catherine Howard, is confined in the Tower of London.
1580: Spanish troops land in Ireland.
1673: Charles II dismisses the Earl of Shaftesbury.
1729: Spain, France and Britain sign the Treaty of Seville.
1794: Russian troops occupy Warsaw.harles II
1799: Napoleon Bonaparte pulls off a coup and becomes the dictator of France under the title of First Consul.
1862: General Ulysses S Grant issues orders to bar Jews from serving under him.
1872: The Great Boston Fire. Close to 1,000 buildings are destroyed
1888: Jack Ripper’s fifth and last know victim, Mary Kelly, is found eviscerated on her bed in Whitechapel.
1904: The first airplane flight to last more than five minutes.
1906: Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first US President to visit another country (Puerto Rico and Panama).
1907: The Cullinan Diamond, the largest ever discovered, is presented to Edward VII on his 66th birthday.
1918: Kaiser Willhelm II abdicates after German defeat in the First World War and the Weimar Republic is proclaimed.
1921: Partito Nazionalista Fascista is formed in Italy by Benito Mussolini.
1923: The Nazis fail to overthrow the government and Adolf Hitler flees.
1925: Physicist Robert Millikan confirms the existence of cosmic rays from outer space in a speech to the National Academy of Sciences.
1926: Italian Communist leader Antonio Gramsci is arrested in Rome.
1930: The first non stop airplane flight from New York to Panama.
1937: The Japanese army conquers Shanghai. On the same day, former prime minister Ramsay MacDonald dies on board the liner Reina del Pacifico aged 71.
1938: Kristallnacht begins: pogrom against Jews in Germany and Austria – the first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence.
1940: Former prime minister Neville Chamberlain dies of bowel cancer aged 71.
1942: German occupiers install Erik Scavenius as Danish premier.
1944: The Red Cross wins the Nobel peace prize.
1953: Cambodia gains independence from France. On the same day, Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, founder and first King of Saudi Arabia, dies of a heart attack aged 78 and poet Dylan Thomas dies aged 38.
1955: The UN disapproves of South Africa’s apartheid politics.
1961: Singles chart:
- His Latest Flame – Elvis Presley
- Walking Back To Happiness – Helen Shapiro
- When The Girl In Your Arms Is The Girl In Your Heart – Cliff Richard
- Big Bad John – Jimmy Dean
- Wild Wind – John Leyon
- Hit The Road Jack – Ray Charles
- The Time Has Come – Adam Faith
- Take Five – Dave Brubeck Quartet
- Mexicali Rose – Karl Denver Trio
- Bless You – Tony Orlando
1964: Eisaku Sato becomes premier of Japan.
1966: John Lennon meets Yoko Ono for the first time when he visits her art exhibition ‘Unfinished Paintings and Objects’ at the Indica Gallery in London.
1967: NASA’s Surveyor 6 soft lands on the Moon. On the same day, the first unmanned Saturn V rocket is launched on a successful test flight into orbit.
1969: Simon and Garfunkel record Bridge Over Troubled Water with Larry Knechtel on piano. Art wanted Paul to sing the song, but Paul insisted that Art’s voice was better suited for it. Despite Art pulling of a magnificent vocal performance, it was a decision that Simon would later say he regretted.
1970: Former French leader General Charles de Gaulle dies aged 79. On the same day, The Goodies make their television debut on the BBC.
1976: The UN General Assembly condemns apartheid in South Africa.
1980: Saddam Hussein declares a holy war against Iran.
1982: Boxer Sugar Ray Leonard retires for the first time.
1984: Larry Holmes TKOs James “Bonecrusher” Smith in Round 12 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1985: Prince Charles and Princess Diana end their first day of a much vaunted trip to the US with a gala dinner hosted by President Reagan where the princess dances with John Travolta. On the same day, Gary Kasparov becomes the youngest ever world chess champion at 22, with a 13-11 win over fellow Russian Anatoly Karpov.
1986: Album chart:
- Every Breath You Take: The Singles – The Police
- Now Dance ’86 – Various Artists
- Graceland – Paul Simon
- Top Gun – Original Soundtrack
- True Blue – Madonna
- Silk And Steel – Five Star
- Slippery When Wet – Bon Jovi
- The Greatest Hits Of 1986 – Various Artists
- The Autobiography Of Supertramp – Supertramp
- Hit Mix ’86 – Various Artists
1989: East Germany’s Communist rulers give permission for gates along the Berlin Wall to be opened and hundreds of East Germans spill through to the west.
1990: The IRS seizes all of country singer Willie Nelson’s bank accounts and real estate holdings in connection with a $16million tax debt.
1991: Joint European Torus (JET) scientists in Culham, successfully harness nuclear fusion to produce the first large amount of controlled fusion power.
1993: The Serbian army fires on a school in Sarajevo, killing nine children.
1996: Evander Holyfield upsets Mike Tyson with an 11th-round knockout in Las Vegas to regain the WBA heavyweight boxing title.
1997: Paul Weller was arrested and spent the night in a French jail after smashing up his hotel room.
2004: Author Steig Larsson dies from a heart attack aged 50.
2012: 25 people are killed and 62 injured after a train carrying liquid fuel bursts into flames in Burma. On the same day, Coronation Street actor Bill Tarmey dies aged 71.
2015: A World Anti-Doping Agency commission report recommends the Russian Federation be banned from athletics competitions for running a “state-supported” doping programme. On the same day, “Reclining Nude” by Italian artist Modigliani fetches the second highest auction price at $170.4m.
2018: Amid Californian forest fires US President Donald Trump accuses state forest management of “gross mismanagement” and threatens to withhold funding. On the same day, three car bombs explode in Mogadishu, Somalia, killing 52 people and injuring 100.
2019: 70 bush fires in New South Wales, Australia, destroys100 homes killing three people.
BIRTHDAYS: Roger McGough, poet (The Scaffold), 83; Lou Ferrigno, actor, 69; Karen Dotrice, actress, 65; Susan Tedeschi, singer/guitarist, 50; Eric Dane, actor, 48; Delta Goodrem, singer/actress, 36.