It happened today – this day in history – October 1

331BC: Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia at the Battle of Gaugamela.

959: Edgar I, the Peaceful, becomes king of all England.

1189: Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar, is killed at the Siege of Acre.

1207: Henry III is born in Winchester Castle.

1569: The Duke of Norfolk is arrested for conspiring to marry Mary Queen of Scots.

1688: Prince Willem III of Orange accepts an invitation of take up the British crown.

1746: Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France.

1795: Belgium is conquered by France.

1800: Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty.

1843: The News of the World begins publication.

1867: “Das Kapital” by Karl Marx is published.

1868: “Little Women” by Louisa May Alcott is published.

1869: The first postcards are issued in Vienna.

1887: Balochistan, (part of Pakistan) is conquered by the British Empire.

1895: Romanians in Costantinople are massacred.

1904: The Netherlands and Portugal lay down boundaries splitting the island of Timor in two.

1918: Arab forces under T E Lawrence capture Damascus.

1926: An oilfield accident costs aviator Wiley Post his left eye. He uses the settlement money to buy his first airplane.

1931: The Spanish Cortes accepts female suffrage.

1932: Oswald Mosley forms the British Union of Fascists.

1934: Adolf Hitler expands the German army and navy, violating the Treaty of Versailles.

1936: Generalissimo Franco establishes the state of Spain.

1938: Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement.

1939: Winston Churchill calls Russia a “riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma”.

1943: Allied forces capture Naples.

1945: World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis is discharged from the US army after being awarded the Legion of Merit.

1949: The People’s Republic of China is proclaimed by Mao Zedong.

1950: South Korean troops cross the 38th parallel into North Korea.

1956: After test audiences gave a negative reaction to Elvis Presley dying at the end of his first film Love Me Tender, he is called back to re-shoot a new ending.

1957: A vaccine against the strain of influenza sweeping around the world is made available to the British public.

1958: Britain transfers the Christmas Island to Australia. On the same day, US space agency NASA begins operations.

1960: Nigeria gains independence from Britain and becomes the 99th member of the United Nations.

1961: A volcano believed to be extinct erupts on Tristan da Cunha.

1962: Two people die and at least 75 are injured in rioting following the admission of black student James Meredith to the University of Mississippi. President Kennedy had sent 3,000 troops to ensure that the integration went ahead. On the same day, Brian Epstein signs a contract to manage The Beatles for five years.

1963: Nigeria becomes a republic.


1964: Singles chart:

  1. I’m Into Something Good – Herman’ Hermits
  2. Rag Doll – The Four Seasons
  3. Where Did Our Love Go – The Supremes
  4. Oh Pretty Woman – Roy Orbison
  5. I Wouldn’t Trade You For The World – The Bachelors
  6. I Won’t Forget You – Jim Reeves
  7. The Wedding – Julie Rogers
  8. Have I The Right – The Honeycombs
  9. As Tears Go By – Marianne Faithfull
  10. You Really Got Me – The Kinks

1966: Jimi Hendrix appears live for the first time in the UK when he jams with Cream at London Polytechnic.

1967: The Beatles – Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band

1967: Album chart:

  1. Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band – The Beatles
  2. The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack
  3. Scott – Scott Walker
  4. Best Of – The Beach Boys
  5. Doctor Zhivago – Original Soundtrack
  6. Are You Experienced – The Jimi Hendrix Experience
  7. The Piper At The Gates Of Dawn – Pink Floyd
  8. Crusade – John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers
  9. The Walker Brothers’ Story – The Walker Brothers
  10. Headquarters – The Monkees

1969: Concorde 001 test flight breaks the sound barrier.

1970: Dozens are crushed in crowded Cairo streets as millions of Egyptians mourn at the funeral of President Abdel Nasser. On the same day, Jimi Hendrix is buried at The Greenwood Cemetery at the Dunlop Baptist Church, Seattle.

On TV (Thursday)


09.30Labour Party Conference
The second of this year’s major party conferences continues from Blackpool.


14.55Racing from Newmarket







18.25Peyton Place

18.55On the House

19.25Film: The VIPs (1963)
Fog cloaks an airport- and a star studded cast of passengers including Richard Burton, Elizabeth Taylor, Maggie Smith and Margaret Rutherford, who won an Oscar for her part, is brought together to play out 24 hours that prove vital to their lives.

21.30This Week
Halfway through making a film on West Bengal with the “blessing” of the Indian Government, the team found there were strings attached – one of these being the Government’s right of censorship. This Week opted out and turned their attention to the Middle East, but an assassination attempt on King Hussein of Jordan closed down Amman airport and the crew found themselves again without a programme. But they found one in their own backyard- Islington. White policemen and black teenagers met to try to solve the problem of prejudice in the Caledonian Road.

22.00News at Ten


23.00The Avengers
Return of the Cybernauts starring Patrick McNee and Diana Rigg


09.30For Schools and Colleges




13.30Watch with Mother The Woodentops

13.45News and weather


14.05For Schools and Colleges


16.20Play School


16.55Blue Peter
with Valerie Singleton John Noakes Peter Purves

17.20Scooby-Doo, Where Are You?
First look at the cartoon series that went on to become a classic


17.50National News and Weather


18.45The Doctors

19.05Top of the Pops
Tony Blackburn introduces hits from The Tremeloes, The Hollies, Bobby Bloom, Freda Payne, The Carpenters and Pan’s People dancing to The Temptations’ Ball of Confusion.

19.45Bachelor Father
New comedy series starring Ian Carmichael

20.15Cliff in Scandinavia
Cliff Richard with Una Stubbs and Hank Marvin

21.00The Nine O’Clock News

21.20The Morecambe and Wise Show
Named Best Light Entertainment Performance by the Society of Film and Television Arts, 1970

21.50Morecambe and Wise’s Cinema
Eric and Ernie talk to Michael Aspel about their career in the music-hall, the cinema, and television.

22.3524 Hours
A daily look at what matters in the news and out of it presented David Dimbleby

23.20Conference Report 70
Robin Day and Alan Watson report on the fourth day of the Labour Party Conference at the Winter Gardens, Blackpool.

23.45The Selling Game


11.00Play School



20.00First Eleven
A series about some of the best-known images in art 1: Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci

20.15The Money Programme

21.00Look, Stranger Man and Mountain
Joss Naylor is a Cumberland hill sheep farmer who was nearly crippled when young, and had three discs removed from his spine when he was 21. To get himself fit he used to run up and down the mountains – 30, 40, 50 miles a day – until today he is one of the champion fell runners in the Lake District.

21.20Scott on History
starring Terry Scott with June Whitfield.

22.05News on 2 and Weather

22.10World Cinema: Mahanigar
Indian film

1971: Walt Disney World opens in Bay Lake, Florida.

1974: The Watergate cover-up trial opens in Washington, D.C.

1975: Muhammad Ali retains the world heavyweight boxing championship after defeating Joe Frazier in their third fight, dubbed the Thrilla in Manilla. On the same day, Al Jackson, drummer for Booker T. And The MGs, is shot and killed by a burglar at his home in Memphis. Also, Britain grants internal self-government to The Seychelles and the Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands, taking the name “Tuvalu”.

1977: Pele plays his last game for New York Cosmos in an exhibition match against his boyhood club Santos of Brazil.

1978: Tuvalu declares independence from the UK.

1980: Cosmonauts Ryumin & Popov break the space endurance record of 176 days.

1982: The EPCOT Centre opens in Orlando, Florida. On the same day, West Germany’s Christian Democrat Union ousts Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor, replacing him with Helmut Kohl. Also, the Sony CDP-101, the world’s first commercially available Compact Disc player, is released in Japan.

1985: Riots break out in Toxteth and Peckham. On the same day, an Israeli air raid on PLO-headquarter at Tunis kills 68 people.

1986: Andy McVann drummer with Liverpool band The Farm is killed in a car crash during a police chase.

1987: An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale in Los Angeles kills 6 people.

1988: Mikhail Gorbachev becomes Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. On the same day, Florence Griffith Joyner wins her third gold medal of the Seoul Olympics anchoring the victorious US 4 x 100m relay team.

1989: Thousands of East Germans flee to West Germany.

1990: A meteorite explodes over the Pacific Ocean. On the same day, Serbs in Croatia proclaim autonomy.

1993: Lennox Lewis retains his WBC heavyweight boxing title, beating Frank Bruno in Round 7 at the National Stadium in Cardiff.

1995: Benneton driver Michael Schumacher wins the Pacific Grand Prix at the TI Circuit in Aida, Japan, to clinch his second straight Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1998: Vladimir Putin becomes a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.

1999: Child star Lena Zavaroni dies aged 35 after a long battle with anorexia.

2000: Gangster Reggie Kray dies from cancer aged 66.

2002: James Blunt leaves the British army having served six years in the cavalry regiment. He was part of the first peacekeeping force to go into Kosovo in 1999.

2005: Three suicide bomb attacks on Bali leave 19 people plus the bombers dead.

2007: The Spice Girls London reunion concert sells out in 38 seconds. Also on this day, Radiohead’s website crashes after the band announced that their new album ‘In Rainbows’ would only be available to order via at whatever price they chose.

2013: A partial United States federal government shutdown occurs as a result of political disagreements over operational spending. On the same day, author Tom Clancy dies aged 66.

2014: 41 children are killed by a suicide bombing on the Akrameh al-Makhzumi school in Homs, Syria. On the same day, singer-songwriter Lynsey de Paul dies from a brain hemorrhage at 66.

2015: An original tape of The Beatles playing at The Cavern in 1962 is found after languishing in a desk drawer for more than 50 years. On the same day, a mudslide on the outskirts of Guatemala City leaves at least 131 dead and 300 missing.

2017: Stephen Paddock shoots dead 58 people, injuring 489, at a concert in Las Vegas in the deadliest mass shooting in American history. On the same day, Catalonia holds an independence referendum on seceding from Spain. Also, O J Simpson is released from Nevada’s Lovelock Prison after less than nine years of a 33-year sentence for armed robbery and kidnapping.

2018: French singer/actor Charles Aznavour is found dead in a bathtub at his home at Mouriès at the age of 94.

2019: The Indian government bans the export of onions, causing shortages in Bangladesh and Pakistan. On the same day, presidential candidate Bernie Sanders suffers a heart attack and former Dallas police officer Amber Guyger is found guilty of murdering her black neighbour in his apartment in a landmark case on the use of police force and racial bias. Also, newsreader Peter Sissons dies aged 77.

BIRTHDAYS: Jimmy Carter, former US president, 98; Sandy Gall, journalist, 95; Dame Julie Andrews, actress, 87; Jerry Martini, saxophonist, (Sly & The Family Stone) 75; Rob Davis, guitarist (Mud), songwriter , 75; Martin Turner, guitarist (Wishbone Ash), 75; André Rieu, conductor/violinist, 73; Randy Quaid, actor, 72; Howard Hewett, singer (Shalamar), 67; Theresa May, politician, 66; Youssou N’dour, singer, 63; Paul Walsh, footballer, 60; Harry Hill, comedian, 58; George Weah, footballer/president of Liberia, 56; Zach Galifianakis, actor/comedian, 53; Nicky Morgan, politician, 50; Keith Duffy, vocals, (Boyzone), actor 48; Sarah Drew, actor, 42; Nick Helm, comedian, 42; Rupert Friend, actor, 41; Dizzee Rascal (Dylan Kwabena Mills), rapper 37; Emerald Fennell, actress/director/screenwriter, 37; Michaela Coel, actress/screenwriter, 35; Brie Larson (Brianne Sidonie Desaulniers), actress, 33; Mason Greenwood, footballer, 21.